PUBLICATIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
The Department of Education in the
University of Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
Publishers to the Victoria University of Manchester
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Agents for the United States
LONGMANS GREEN & Co.
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Department of Education
University of Manchester
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS ^ /
UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER PUBLICATIONS
This volume, commemorating the Coming of Age of
the Department of Education in the University of
Manchester, has been produced, of necessity, in a some-
what hurried manner. Doubtless there are numerous
errors and omissions for which the indulgence of our
readers is asked.
Chapter I. is the work of Professor M. E. Sadler,
Professor of the History and Administration of Educa-
tion in the University, Chapter II. of Mr. W. T. Goode,
Principal, of the London County Council Training Col-
lege, Graystoke Place. The latter sections of the volume
are the work of many hands. The Register and the Roll
of Students are based upon material laboriously collected
by Mr. John Lord, Headmaster of the Manley Park
Council School, Manchester, and Miss Edna Firth,
Assistant Mistress of the North Grecian Street Council
School, Lower Broughton, Manchester.
Upon Mr. Lord and Miss Firth, as Secretaries to the
Celebration Committee, the bulk of the administrative
work has devolved, and we take this opportunity of
thanking them for their invaluable services. It is
almost invidious to single out any of the departmental
staff for commendation for they have all given their
services unstintingly, but we cannot forbear to express
our indebtedness to Miss Laura Start, whose unique
knowledge of the women members of the Department
has to a large extent made this publication possible.
University of Manchester.
A. W. WARD, LL.D., Litt.D., Ph.D.,
Late Principal of the Owens College and Vice-Chancellor of the University.
University Day Training Colleges : Their Origin,
Growth, and Influence in English Education.
By M. E. SADLER, M.A. - -9
The Department of Education in the University of
Manchester. By W. T. GOODE, M.A. - - 55
Appendix : Publications by Members (Staff and
Students) of the Department of Education - 73
Register of Students Entered in the Department of
Education Since its Foundation in 1890 - - 81
Roll of Men Students - - 135
Roll of Women Students 141
SIR ALFRED HOPKINSON, K.C.,. LL.D., M.A., B.C.L.,
Vice- Chancellor of the University.
UNIVERSITY DAY TRAINING COLLEGES:
THEIR ORIGIN, GROWTH, AND INFLU-
ENCE IN ENGLISH EDUCATION.
In June, 1882, there began at a meeting of the
Birmingham School Board a discussion which was
destined to have a decisive influence upon the training
of teachers for elementary schools in England and
Wales. Mr. George Dixon, the Chairman of the Board,
moved that a memorial be sent to the Education Depart-
ment urging the advisability of the passing of an Act
of Parliament to empower School Boards to establish
additional training colleges. In matters of education
Mr. Dixon spoke with the authority of long experience
and of leadership. It was at his house in Birmingham
that, with the help of Mr. Chamberlain, Dr. R. W. Dale
and others, the National Educational League was
founded in 1868 for the purpose of carrying on an active
propaganda for the establishment of public elementary
schools throughout the country. As one of the members
for Birmingham, Mr. Dixon had taken a leading part
in the House of Commons in the discussions on Mr.
Forster's Elementary Education Bill. He had been a
member of the Birmingham School Board from its
establishment in 1870, and in 1876 had followed Mr.
Chamberlain as its Chairman. No one had done more
to convince public opinion of the necessity of compulsory
education and of making the provision and maintenance
of elementary schools part of the work of local govern-
ment. He had been a pioneer in the movement for
higher grade Board schools, one of which he had
equipped at his own expense. In urging his colleagues,
therefore, to press upon the Department the need for a
great enlargement in the supply of training colleges,
Mr. Dixon spoke with the responsibility of a man who
io DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
had, during the preceding fifteen years, successfully
initiated some of the chief changes in English educa-
The memorial which the members of the Board were
asked to approve drew attention to the fact that less than
half of the candidates who passed the requisite examina-
tion for admission into training colleges could be
received into residence in consequence of insufficient
accommodation; that nearly 30 per cent, of the certificated
masters and nearly 50 per cent, of the certificated
mistresses then employed in public elementary schools
had not been college-trained; that it was highly desir-
able that the whole of the schools of the country should
be supplied with teachers possessing the highest possible
qualifications; and that "the ecclesiastical restrictions
imposed by the large majority of the existing training
colleges acted to the disadvantage of pupil teachers in
the Board Schools and presented a serious obstacle to
the entrance into the teaching profession of many well-
qualified candidates." The Department therefore was
asked to give its early and careful attention to the matter
and to take steps to obtain for School Boards "power
to establish training colleges to which grants should be
made on a scale proportionate to those now given to
existing training colleges."
The debate, which began in June, was twice resumed
in July, then adjourned till October and brought to a
conclusion in November, when the memorial to the
Department was carried by 8 votes to 6.*
Two points were at issue between the evenly balanced
parties on the Board, viz., (i) the seasonableness of the
reference to ecclesiastical restrictions in the majority of
the existing training colleges, and (2) the question
whether School Boards should have power to establish
residential institutions for the training of teachers. The
Liberal majority resented the fact that the greater
* See the School Board Chronicle, June 10, July 22, October 14, and
November 11, 1882. The original form of the memorial was altered
between the meetings of July 6 and October 5.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH u
number of the training colleges were in close connection
with religious bodies and therefore not open to candi-
dates who were unwilling to accept the denominational
restrictions involved. The same party on the Board
desired to see the statutory powers of the School Boards
so extended as to include the right to establish and main-
tain out of rates, with the assistance of Government
grants, residential colleges of an undenominational or
secular type. On the other hand, the Conservative
minority objected to the form of the reference to the
existing training colleges which, while emphasising their
denominational restrictions, failed to recognise the
excellence of their work and the fact that the conditions
which they imposed were entirely acceptable to large
numbers of intending teachers. The same party
deprecated the proposed enlargement of School Board
powers, in the belief that the establishment of rate-aided
residential colleges upon an undenominational or secular
basis would eventually make precarious or untenable the
position of the denominational colleges which, though
receiving Government grants, would be debarred from
assistance from the rates. The conflict between the two
parties on the Birmingham School Board thus turned
upon the point whether the balance between the denomi-
national and undemoninational principles which had been
struck by the Education Act of 1870 should be for the
present left undisturbed. The one party held that any
great extension of School Board responsibilities should
be restrained until such time as the School Boards, or
some future form of local authority, had been entrusted
with power to aid denominational and undenominational
schools and colleges alike. The other party maintained
that the time had come for a large development of the
powers of the School Boards without any departure from
the principle which limited the application of rate-aid
to educational institutions of an undenominational or
secular type. This was the controversy which lay
behind the debate in the Birmingham School Board in
1882. But in the course of the discussion the significant
12 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
fact had emerged that both parties were now agreed that
further training college accommodation had become
necessary, particularly for women, and that the need
for an increased number of undenominational training
colleges was especially urgent. In view of this agree-
ment, Mr. E. F. M. McCarthy, who held a central
position upon the Birmingham School Board, proposed
that the form of the memorial should be so changed as
to allow a unanimous vote in its support. He suggested
that the reference to existing ecclesiastical restrictions
should be omitted and that the Department should be
asked to move Parliament to give School Boards the
power of establishing day, but not residential, training
colleges. Mr. McCarthy's amendment was rejected by
the Liberal majority and the original memorial, when
brought up for final vote, was in turn opposed by the
Conservatives on the Board. But Mr. McCarthy had
accurately discerned the line of possible advance. The
establishment of day training colleges had been shown
by the discussion to be a policy upon which, without
surrender of principle, each of the two contending
parties could unite. This was the illuminating result
of the Birmingham debate, at the close of which the
Chairman, Mr. Dixon, justly remarked that in approv-
ing the establishment of day training colleges the Board
was unanimous. It will be seen in the sequel that the
significance of this limited agreement did not escape
the notice of the Education Department.
In 1882, when the Birmingham debate took place, the
effects of the Elementary Education Act of 1870 had
already had time to show themselves not only in the
registers of school attendance and in the personnel of
the teaching staff but also in the growth of a strong
body of opinion which aimed at bringing the whole of
popular education under public control. During the
twelve years 1870 1882, the increase of the population
had been about 15^ per cent., while the number of
children on the registers of public elementary schools
had increased 258 per cent. There were 3,000,000 more
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 13
children on the registers in 1882 than there had been in
1870. Questions of educational policy and organisation
thus presented themselves upon a scale which rendered
former methods of administration antiquated and obso-
lete. It was clear that, whatever might be the future
of denominational effort in national education (and the
majority of English people desired that it should
continue to bear a great part in the work), private
philanthropy and denominational benevolence could no
longer keep up with the demand for wider opportunities
for the professional training of teachers. During the
twelve years, 1870 1882, the number of certificated
teachers had increased 119 per cent.* The recruiting
and professional preparation of so greatly enlarged a
body of teachers presented problems which over-taxed
the existing organisation and called for public interven-
tion on a large scale. In 1870 there were 33 training
colleges in England. In 1882, in spite of the immense
increase in the number of those preparing for the teach-
ing profession, only six new training colleges had been
built. Out of the 39 training colleges which were open
in 1882, all but four were denominational.
Those who watched the course of events observed that
one effect of the rapid increase of public elementary
schools was the more extended employment of women
teachers. Ever since about 1848 an increasing number
of women in England had sought for opportunities of
active professional employment. The growth of sister-
hoods, the reform in methods of hospital nursing and
the rapidly increasing number of women teachers were
all signs of a new tendency in English life, a movement
fraught with social and economic consequences of the
first importance. The statistics of teachers in the public
elementary schools in England and Wales clearly reflect
* These percentages are based on the totals given in Special Reports
on Educational Subjects, Vol. I, pp. 46 and 48. The percentages of
increase in the number of teachers were slightly larger than those given,
which are based upon the total number of teachers in the schools in
1880, not 1882.
i 4 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
the new tendency. In 1850, men certificated teachers
had outnumbered women by nearly 3 to i. In 1860,
women certificated teachers were 44 per cent, of the
whole. In 1870, the number of men and women certifi-
cated teachers was nearly equal, the women being 48
per cent. In 1880 the men certificated teachers were
already far outnumbered by the women, the latter being
56 per cent, of the whole.* These percentages refer to
the certificated teachers only. In the other categories
the growth of women teachers had been even more
In yet another way the Education Act of 1870 affected
the problem of the training of teachers. It had set up
for the first time in each of the great cities a public
authority elected by the ratepayers, charged from the
first with large duties and tending always to seek some
extension of its responsibilities. The discussions of the
School Boards were an entirely new factor in English
public life. For the first time elementary education was
systematically handled as a department of public service.
For the first time men and women drawn from different
social groups and from various religious denominations
had been set to co-operate with one another in grappling
with educational destitution and with many of the evils
to which it gave rise. A tradition of School Board
policy had established itself. Those who served upon
the Boards, however much they might differ from one
another in some points of political principle, were driven
by the logic of facts to admit the necessity for extended
public action in English education and to chafe against
* See Special Reports on Educational Subjects, Vol. I, page 46, and
Vol. II, page 541. The actual figures were : In 1850, men certificated
teachers 118, women 275; in 1860, men 3,577; women 2,856; in 1870, men
6,537, women 6,207; in 1880, men 13,521; women 17,901. For 1909 the
figures are for men 32,026, women 62V747, the women being 66 per cent,
of the whole. Thus in the sixty years which have elapsed since 1850,
the proportion of men and women among certificated teachers has been
almost exactly reversed. At the earlier date, out of every three certi-
ficated teachers, two were men. At the present time, out of every three
certificated teachers, two are women.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 15
some of the restrictions which Parliament had placed
upon their work. Payment by results had begun to
disappear as early as 1875. The action of the Science
and Art Department in creating in 1872 a special type
of classes called Organised Science Schools, which were
intended to give a continuous and systematic course of
scientific training at the close of the ordinary elementary
day school course, pointed towards a new form of
secondary education easily accessible to the elementary
day school pupil and based upon a new and less literary
curriculum. The old restricted idea of elementary
education was breaking under the thrust of new social
demands. The most intelligent English workmen
desired for their children educational advantages not
inferior to those afforded by the American cities. Many
of the members of the School Boards were well-
acquainted with American organisation and with the
standards of the Scottish schools. Thus the outlook in
English education had rapidly altered. The debate in
the Birmingham School Board in 1882 was a sign of
coming change. The growth of a new ideal in English
elementary education had made the old methods of
supply and the former standards of attainment inade-
quate and unsatisfactory.
While these changes were taking place in that part of
English educational policy which was mainly concerned
with elementary schools, the developments in higher
education were not less significant from the point of view
of the training of teachers. In 1871, the Universities
Tests Act had removed practically all the remaining
religious tests and disabilities at the Universities of
Oxford and Cambridge and had established in the public
mind the idea of a University as an institution freely
accessible to students of every denomination. Secondly,
residence and study at the Universities was made
possible for women by the establishment at Cambridge
of Girton College (1872) and Newnham (1875); by the
establishment of the Women's College at Manchester in
1877; by the foundation of Lady Margaret and Somer-
16 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
ville Halls at Oxford in 1878-9; by the Supplemental
Charter (1878) which enabled the University of London
to hold examinations for women ; and by the Charter
(1880) granted to the Victoria University, which, except
in the case of medicine, gave women access to all
degrees. Thirdly, University Colleges had been estab-
lished in rapid succession in many of the great centres
of population. The Owens College in Manchester, the
oldest of the group, had begun its work in 1851, had
been incorporated in 1871, and had been moved to its
present site in 1874; the Durham College of Science at
Newcastle-upon-Tyne had been established in 1871 ; the
Yorkshire College, Leeds, in 1872 ; University College,
Bristol, in 1876; Firth College, Sheffield, in 1879;
University College, Nottingham, in 1881 ; and Univer-
sity College, Liverpool, in 1882. Of the three Welsh
Colleges, Aberystwyth was opened in 1872 ; Cardiff, in
1883; and Bangor, in 1884. Fourthly, Mr. J. G. Fitch
had urged in 1876 that training colleges for secondary
school teachers should be established in connection with
Universities or University Colleges.* Subsequently a
Teachers* Training Syndicate had been appointed by
the University of Cambridge in 1879, and the University
of London had held its first examination in the Art,
Theory, and History of Education in 1883. Thus, for
the first time in England and Wales, education of the
University type was brought, so far as these centres were
concerned, within the reach of those wider classes from
which, for many generations, the Scottish Universities
had drawn the majority of their students.
Alike, therefore, in elementary and in University
education, English conditions were in some respects
becoming more closely assimilated to those of Scotland.
University education was being made more accessible
to the masses of the people; and the older idea of the
public elementary school as an institution confined
* Article on "The Universities and the Training of Teachers,"
Contemporary Review, December, 1876.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 17
intellectually to the rudiments of learning and socially
to the labouring poor was giving way before the demand
for a new type of school in which higher teaching would
be combined with the elementary, and the educational
opportunities of which would become attractive to the
middle as well as to the lower ranks of the community.
It was natural, therefore, that Scottish experience and
precedent should now become more operative in English
education than at any earlier time. And it was in
respect of the desired enlargement of training college
accommodation that Scottish influence at this stage
became decisive in our policy. The debate in the
Birmingham School Board in 1882 had pointed to the
day training college as the means of providing increased
facilities for the training of teachers. The old Univer-
sities, now definitely free from tests, and the new
University Colleges, which had sprung up in quick
succession in many of the great cities and all of which
offered facilities for the education of women, were avail-
able as centres at which to place the new type of training
college. But it is unlikely that the bold step of connect-
ing the Universities with the training of teachers for
elementary schools would have been taken in England
so promptly and vigorously had it not been that the
example of Scotland furnished an encouraging precedent
for such a course. In order to explain, however, the
influence which Scottish precedent thus had upon
English educational policy, a short account must be
given here of the history of the training of teachers in
It had been the pride of the best of the parish schools
in Scotland that a considerable number of their scholars
went to the Universities, and that, as a result, a great
number of the teachers in those schools had an academic
qualification. In England also there had originally
been this close connection between the Universities and
the Grammar Schools, part of the work of which was to
give elementary education. But through the absence of
municipal or other form of direct public control over the
i8 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
English Grammar Schools, the latter had, in the great
majority of cases, become sectional in their clientele,
their tendency towards exclusiveness having been
strengthened by the denominational restrictions at the
Universities and by a narrow interpretation of their
statutes when the founder's will had emphasised the
teaching of the classics. The ancient connection
between the Universities and popular education, thus
almost, though not entirely, broken in England, had
been maintained, however imperfectly, in Scotland. But
three things prevented the Scottish Universities from
meeting the greatly increased demand for teachers which
sprang up in the early years of the nineteenth century
and which led, in 1833, to the assignment of a Parlia-
mentary grant for the building of schools for the poor.
The Scottish Universities did not at that time admit
women, and trained women teachers \vere necessary if
the educational destitution of the great cities was to be
effectively grappled with. Further, the Universities
furnished no special courses of preparation for the teach-
ing profession. And thirdly, even if the question had
been raised, it would have been held remote from the
functions of a University to provide special training for
teachers in the schools for infants and young children,
the need of which was recognised as urgent, especially
in the slum districts of the large towns. For these
reasons, during the earlier part of the nineteenth century,
the training of teachers became the business of a number
of normal colleges, established independently of the
Universities upon the model adopted in England also.
At the same time the Scottish Universities did not cease
to send out teachers to many of those parochial and
burgh schools which represented the older and more
characteristically Scottish educational tradition. There
were thus in Scotland two separate sources of supply for
teachers in the schools which provided elementary
education. The Committee of Council, then common
to Scotland and England, confined its grants and atten-
tion to the normal schools of the new type, though as early
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 19
as 1830 Parliament had made an independent grant to
two of the Scottish Universities for the extension of their
buildings. At first the growth of these new State-aided
normal colleges, the services of which were needed for
the supply of teachers to districts insufficiently provided
with schools, attracted little attention from the Scottish
Universities. A grant was made in 1839 by the Com-
mittee of Council to the Glasgow Educational Society
which had been established in 1826 by David Stow and
others and which, in providing teachers for infant
departments, had been much influenced by Wilderspin's
methods and suggestions. In 1841 the Committee of
Council granted ; 10,000 to the General Assembly of
the Church of Scotland for the establishment of two
normal schools, one in Edinburgh and one in Glasgow,
together with ^1,000 a year towards their annual main-
tenance. The Glasgow Educational Society transferred
their building in Glasgow to the General Assembly
under this arrangement. Thus, in Scotland, as in
England, the great religious denominations entered into
close co-operation with the State in the work of training
teachers for the public elementary schools which were
aided out of Parliamentary grant. But from the first
there were some far-sighted men who desired that the
ancient connection between the Scottish Universities and
the elementary schools should be closely maintained by
the establishment of training departments in connec-
tion with the Universities themselves. Professor
Pillans, in 1828, had suggested the appointment of a
professorship of Education at one of the Scottish
Universities. This recommendation was renewed in
1840 by Mr. Robert Cunningham who had studied the
normal school system in Prussia, France, Switzerland
and the United States and, on his return, became the
rector of Stow's normal school in Glasgow. In 1862 an
anonymous writer in the Museum, a quarterly magazine
of educational literature and science published in Edin-
burgh, argued that it had been a mistake not to use the
Universities in Scotland for the training of teachers
20 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
instead of setting up special normal colleges. The
normal college, he contended, was necessary in England
but not in Scotland. In England the Universities stood
apart from and above the poorer classes of the population
and it was accordingly necessary to provide some special
course of instruction and training for teachers and to
devise means for bringing it within their reach. In
Scotland, however, the case was different. There were
four Universities where, for from 2$ to ,30 per
annum, a man could enjoy the highest education which
the country then afforded. His preliminary education
could be obtained without difficulty and "so widespread
was the ambition for intellectual distinction among the
youth of the country, with a view either to the Church
or the School, that even a peasant did not grudge the
time spent by his son in the acquisition of learning, if
the latter could manage to earn enough, in one way or
another, to defray the cost of schooling and of books."
The writer concluded therefore that in a country " where
a connection and reciprocity already existed between the
University and the primary school ... it would have
been a wise course to have contented ourselves with
extending and improving a system into which the
country had instinctively fallen as that best suited to its
wants and habits." He recommended that teachers'
bursaries should be established at each University and
that the special or professional training should be pro-
vided by founding Chairs of the Principles and Practice
of Teaching and connecting with them model or
practising schools outside the University walls. During
two full University sessions the student would give his
attention to classics, mathematics and the English
language and literature (his familiarity with the ordinary
subjects of instruction in an elementary school being
secured by the bursary entrance examination), and
would devote the summer session of each year to attend-
ance at the University lectures on education and to a
study of organisation and methods in the model school.
The men teachers would, according to this plan, be
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 21
trained at the Universities, and the normal schools would
be retained, in such numbers as might be found neces-
sary, for the training of the women teachers.*
Scottish opinion quickly ripened in favour of assign-
ing to the Universities a leading part in the training of
teachers. It was fortunate that some of the chief Normal
Schools in Scotland were placed in Edinburgh and
Glasgow where attendance at University classes could
be easily combined with the ordinary course of instruc-
tion in the Training College itself. In 1862 the
Education Committee of the Free Church announced
that students at its Normal School in Edinburgh "who
during their two years' training had given proof of
distinguished ability in classics or mathematics, com-
bined with superior teaching power, might be encouraged
to continue their studies in those subjects at the
University with a view to still further preparing them-
selves for their duties as teachers." f An important
witness before the Argyll Commission in 1864, Mr.
John Gordon, then one of the Government Inspectors
of Schools, but from 1825-44 Secretary of the Education
Scheme of the Church of Scotland, stated that "Univer-
sity attendance by teachers was greatly to be encouraged"
and suggested for consideration "whether a session or
two at the University might not be required of the
candidates for some schools, e.g., the parochial." But
he pointed out that the Universities were not available
for all men students or for any women, and that they
did not give so effectively as the normal schools "the sort
of knowledge required for elementary teaching." The
evidence led the Commissioners to recommend, where
possible, a combination of University courses with
normal school training. On this subject they quoted
with approval the following passage from Mr. Kerr's
report to the Committee of Council in 1865, "The leading
difference between the parish teachers of the old school
* The Museum, July, 1862, article, "Training Schools in Scotland," pp.
j- Argyll Commission, First Report, 1864, page 128.
22 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
and teachers trained at normal schools is this : the
former know much more and have more general culture,
but cannot teach so well, having paid little or no atten-
tion to the art of teaching ; the latter know much less
but can teach better what they know. The few instances
we have of the combination of University with Normal
School training, that is of general culture with training
to teach, furnish a strong argument in favour of the com-
bination being made as general as possible." *
In 1873 the Scotch Education Department, which had
been established under the Education (Scotland) Act
1872, recognised the Universities as one source of the
supply of certificated teachers for elementary schools.
Section 47 of the Code declared that graduates in Arts
or Science of any University in the United Kingdom,
who should satisfy an inspector of their practical skill
as teachers, were admissible to be examined for certifi-
cates. Section 102 (b) permitted Queen's Scholars,
with the consent of the authorities of their training
college, to attend, during the winter session of each year
of their instruction in the training college, one or two
(but not more) of the classes in a Scotch University,
prescribed for graduation in Arts or Science. Such
students, if attending two University classes during the
session, were allowed to reckon two hours of attendance
per diem at the training college as equivalent to regular
attendance. Thus it was in Scotland that the British
Government first formally approved attendance at
University courses as part of the professional training
of teachers for State-aided schools.
Three years later the trustees of Dr. Andrew Bell,
who, at his death in 1832, had bequeathed his large
fortune for educational purposes, decided to devote part
of the funds which were in their keeping to the estab-
lishment of Chairs of Education at the Universities of
Edinburgh and St. Andrews. These new professorships
were to be called the Bell Chairs of the Theory, History
* Argyll Commission, Second Report, 1867, page cxlvii.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 23
and Art of Education. The first Bell professor at
Edinburgh was Mr. S. S. Laurie, who had for many
years urged that the Universities should take a more
active part in furthering the scientific study of education
and that the most promising candidates among those
preparing themselves for the teaching profession should
be encouraged by the Government to undertake their
professional training at a University.*
English opinion, however, was much less ripe than
that in Scotland for such a development of the training
of teachers. This is shown by the reception given in
1858 to a suggestion made by Mr. J. D. Morell, H.M.
Inspector of Schools, that the trustees of the Owens
College should offer courses of training for those intend-
ing to become teachers in public elementary schools.
Mr. Morell's plan was that the Owens College Trust
should provide a building 1 with lecture rooms and also
establish a residential hostel or hostels for students
wishing to undergo a training t for the purpose of
becoming teachers. He thought that Owens College
might do for the North what the Borough Road
Training College had done in London, but he further
suggested that the Bishop of Manchester should be
approached with a view to his encouraging the National
Society to approve the attendance of Church of England
teachers at the proposed new classes. The idea was
that the students, besides attending professional courses
at the training college, should read for London Univer-
sity degrees. This was the first considered proposal
for the establishment of a University training college
for teachers in England. It showed great foresight on
the part of Mr. Morell as to the service which the Owens
College was destined to render to English education.
The fact that from 1853 onwards the College had pro-
vided, at the request of schoolmasters in National and
* S. S. Laurie, "Inaugural Address delivered on the Occasion of the
Founding of the Chair of the Institutes and History of Education in
the University of Edinburgh," 1876, pages 5-6 ; and "Essay on the
Educational Wants of Scotland," 1881-2, published in The Training of
Teachers (London, 1882), pages 229 ff.
24 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
British schools in Manchester, classes in mathematics
and classics, made Mr. Morell's scheme, which was but
an extension of this policy, natural and appropriate.
In the session 1857-8 these Schoolmasters' Classes, as
they were called, provided more than a quarter of the
aggregate attendance at the College courses. Principal
Greenwood gave a general approval to Mr. Morell's
scheme and in his report to the trustees carefully
summed up the advantages of the plan and the objections
to it. He pointed out that the training department
would bring a number of new students to the College;
that the courses of study required by Government in
the training department would correspond very closely
with that already arranged in the College ; and that the
accession of a large number of earnest and industrious
students would have a beneficial effect upon the tone of
the whole College. On the other hand, Principal
Greenwood had to admit that objection might be felt to
the introduction of a number of young men of a " some-
what miscellaneous description." " It might be true
that their earnestness would do more good than their
lower social rank would do harm ; still an unfavourable
impression, however groundless, might be produced to
the prejudice of the founder's institution."*
* Joseph Thompson, The Owens College; its Foundation and Growth
(Manchester, 1886), pp. 200 ff. Mr. Thompson, writing a few years
before the establishment of the day training college, took in retrospect
an unfavourable view of Mr. Morell's scheme. "The union of a training
school with the College would have brought down the latter to the level
of the former ; a private institution would inevitably have surrendered
to the Government school ; and it would have been impossible to develop
the College into the noble institution it afterwards became" (p. 203).
He rejoiced over the subsequent failure of the plan. "Thus was the
College happily delivered from committing a great mistake. It was
very tempting, when numbers were few and funds low, to co-operate
with Government officials; but such a union would have become an
intolerable bondage to the professors and would have absolutely strangled
that development which is only attainable ' with freedom of action.
Better days were in store for the College and the thought of co-operation
was never revived." As a matter of fact, the day training college was
established four years after these words were written.
W. T. GOODE, M.A.,
Late Master of Method in the University of Manchester.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 25
At the close of the year Principal Greenwood went to
London to talk over the subject with Mr. Morell and
with Mr.Lingen (afterwards Lord Lingen), the Secretary
of the Education Department. The Department urged
that, if the scheme were taken up, the management of
Owens College and of the new training college must be
kept wholly distinct; that the lectures given by the
professors of the College to the pupils of the training
school would have to be delivered in special classes;
that the lectures might be given either at Owens College
or in the training college ; but that it would be desirable
to move the former (which was then carried on in a large
private house, formerly inhabited by Richard Cobden,
in Quay Street) to another site more suitable to the
needs of training college students. Government grants
would have been available towards meeting the expense
of teaching and the College was assured that the
Government inspection would not lead to any interfer-
ence with the methods of instruction. It was reported,
however, that with regard to two subjects the character
of the regulations imposed by the Privy Council was
such that the necessary discretion and independence of
the teachers in those subjects would be injuriously
shackled. The Minutes of the Committee of Council on
Education throw no light upon this mysterious refer-
ence. The Minute relating to the subject ran as
" To promote in training colleges a thorough study of the subjects
proper to elementary instruction, their Lordships grant 100 annually
to such resident lecturers as shall receive, independently of those
augmentations, salaries of not less than 150 annually, provided that
each lecturer in respect to whom such an augmentation of salary is
granted afford evidence satisfactory to their Lordships of his attain-
ments in one, or at the most two, of the branches of knowledge
enumerated below, and of skill in adapting them to the purposes of
elementary instruction :
2. English literature.
4. Physical science.
5. Applied mathematics.
26 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
In judging of the claims of candidates for such augmentations,
their Lordships seek the advice of persons eminent for their attain-
ments in these several branches of knowledge. Their Lordships do
not grant more than one such augmentation of salary in any training
school when the number of students in residence does not exceed 30,
nor more than two where the number does not exceed 60, nor more
than three such augmentations in any case."
On the face of it, this Minute does not seem to warrant
any fear of Governmental interference with the inde-
pendence of the professors. But evidently there was
some cause for alarm as the professors unanimously
passed the following resolution: "That the professors
of Owens College, having had under their consideration
the question referred to them by the trustees on the
expediency of proposed co-operation between the Owens
College and a training school to be founded in
Manchester, are of opinion that, owing to the nature of
the regulations imposed by the Privy Council in respect
of certain of the subjects to be taught, they cannot,
consistently with their views on the true principles of
education, recommend that the proposed connection be
entered into." The professors however added the
suggestion that "to prove the readiness of the College
to aid in promoting to the utmost of its power the
educational interests of this district, an offer might be
made to hold special classes for training-school pupils
(should a sufficient number of pupils come forward) in
those subjects in which the above objection does not
apply." The trustees, when they received through the
Principal this resolution of the professors, decided that
it was not at present expedient "to take any initiatory
steps towards a connection with the Government training
schools."* The classes for schoolmasters continued,
though the numbers attending them fell off seriously in
the session 1858-9 owing to a change in the regulations
of the University of London by which membership of
an affiliated college was made no longer a necessary
* Thompson, The Oivens College, pp. 208-9.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 27
qualification for a degree in Arts. In 1865 tne Cobden
Memorial Committee gave a sum of about ,1,500
towards the endowment of a Chair of Political Economy
in Owens College, on condition that the Professor
delivered each session a course of weekly evening
lectures to which any of the public primary school
teachers engaged within the boroughs of Manchester
and Salford should have free admission. Five years
later, in June, 1870, Mr. Samuel Fielden of Todmorden
contributed a considerable sum towards the salary of an
assistant lecturer in Mathematics, one of the conditions
being that the lecturer should deliver every session a
course to a class of pupil teachers or certificated
masters. f Thus, throughout the early years of its
history, the importance of offering educational oppor-
tunities to teachers engaged in elementary school work
or preparing themselves for it was recognised both by
benefactors to the College and by the professors on its
staff. The friends of Owens College had realised from
the first that it might do for its district what the Scottish
Universities had accomplished for the cities in which
they were placed. The Scottish precedent therefore of
establishing a close connection between the University
and the primary and secondary school teachers of the
neighbourhood was naturally followed in Manchester,
and prepared the way for the establishment (once again
on Scottish lines) of a day training college at a later
date. In thus offering University classes to school-
masters the trustees and professors of Owens College
were acting in sympathy with the views of Matthew
Arnold who, in his general report for the year 1863,
warmly approved plans which made University exami-
nations and degrees accessible in England, as in Scot-
land, to the teachers in elementary schools.*
It was, however, during the deliberations of the Royal
Commission appointed in 1886, under the chairmanship
t Ibid., pp. 288 and 305.
* Matthew Arnold, Repwts on Elementary Schools (London, 1889),
28 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
of Lord Cross (then Sir R. A. Cross), to inquire into the
working of the Elementary Education Acts in England
and Wales, that the establishment of day training
colleges in connection with the English Universities and
University Colleges was first definitely formulated. In
the Long Vacation of 1886, Jowett, whose Vice-Chan-
cellorship at Oxford had just come to an end, travelled
on the Continent with Mr. E. Lyulph Stanley (now Lord
Sheffield) a member of the Royal Commission, and had
much discussion with him on educational matters.
" Whether primary education should or should not be
free what could be done towards teaching the teachers
the best arrangements for secondary education the
relations of Board Schools and Voluntary Schools these
were open questions then, as indeed most o'f them still
are Jowett was most anxious that teachers in
primary schools should be brought up to the Univer-
sities : in fact arrangements had been made for a number
of elementary schoolmasters to stay in Balliol for three
weeks of this Long Vacation."* This passage proves
that a closer connection between the Universities and
the training of teachers was then in the thoughts of some
of the most influential leaders of English education.
And the evidence given before the Royal Commission
shows how the idea of University day training colleges
matured during the course of this long and important
Mr. McCarthy recalled to the Commissioners a second
memorial which the Birmingham School Board had
unanimously adopted in 1885, and had submitted to the
Education Department, in favour of the establishment
of non-residential training colleges in England like those
permitted by the Scotch Code. He also submitted a
carefully considered scheme for ten or twelve day train-
ing colleges, each to accommodate about 250 students,
in large centres of population. The suggested centres
were London (2), Bristol, Cardiff or Swansea, Birming-
* Abbott and Campbell, Life and Letter* of Benjamin Jowett
(London. 1897), Vol. II, pp. 258-9
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 29
ham, Nottingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds, and
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Liverpool was omitted as having
recently opened an undenominational residential training
college. He proposed that these colleges should be
under the management of the local School Board and be
supported wholly by the State. They were to be open
to students of both sexes of 16 years and upwards.
Maintenance bursaries were to be awarded on the result
of the admission examination, which would be confined
to the ordinary subjects taught in the secondary and
higher grade primary schools in the district. Each
student would spend two years as a full-time student at
the training college, one year as a half-time student in
college and a half-time teacher in an approved neigh-
bouring school, and two years as a probationary teacher.
The School Board would have power to organise one or
more of the public elementary schools in the neighbour-
hood of the College as practising or model schools.
The School Board would further have power to co-opt
on the Management Committee of the College any of the
trustees or professors of the local University or Univer-
sity College, to which also the training college might be
affiliated. Attendance by selected students at courses or
classes at the local University College was to be reckoned
(as in Scotland) as equivalent to attendance at training
As the Commission proceeded with its work, it was
evident that experienced opinion was converging upon
the plan of University day training colleges to be
organised somewhat on the Scottish model. The
Education Reform League had waited upon the Vice-
President of the Council, urging that the Code should
be so altered as to allow Universities and University
Colleges to receive grants for the training of teachers. f
The Teachers' University Association had been founded,
under the presidency of the Rev. S. A. Barnett, to help
teachers to go to Oxford and Cambridge for short courses
*Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. II, 1887, pp. 653-684.
ilbid., evidence of E. B. Sargent, 54,703.
30 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
of study in literature, classics, mathematics and science.
Dr. Thomas Morrison, the Rector of the Free Church
Normal Training College, Glasgow, had given detailed
evidence as to the working of the day training colleges
in Scotland and, with the weight of long experience,
recommended the system as beneficial to the students
and as affording a wise combination of professional
training and of University influences.* Professor Henry
Jones, then at Bangor, recommending the combination
of training college and University instruction upon the
Scottish model, advised its extension to Wales. f
Dr. (now Sir N.) Bodington, Principal of the Yorkshire
College, Leeds, submitted an elaborate scheme for the
establishment of a University day training college. He
had been to Edinburgh and Glasgow with the express
purpose of discussing the matter with persons familiar
with the day training colleges there and had found that
their opinion was distinctly favourable to the plan. He
had been in communication with the Leeds School Board
and the Voluntary School managers of Leeds and
could state that both were in favour of his proposal.
The religious bodies of the city would co-operate in
looking after the religious instruction of the students at
the day training college. He recommended the scheme
on six grounds. It would be economical in making use
of existing buildings and of a considerable part of the
University College staff ; it would attract into the teach-
ing profession a superior type of candidate ; it would be
especially convenient for women students living in the
neighbourhood of the College; the students of the day
training college would have the advantage of associating
with students who were preparing themselves for other
callings; the College had special facilities for giving
instruction in the experimental sciences; finally, the
adoption of the plan would increase the number of
University students. The College would appoint a
Lord Cross's Commission, 54,560.
* Ibid.,Vo\. II, 38,396 ff.
i-Ibid., Vol. Ill, 50,783 ff.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 31
Master of Method and would utilize some of the schools
within easy reach as practising schools. He proposed
that Government certificates should be given upon a
College examination so far as the non-professional
subjects were concerned and upon a Government exami-
nation in the professional subjects. As soon as the
Yorkshire College was admitted to the Victoria Univer-
sity, a University examination w r ould take the place of
the College examination.*
The question was thus narrowing itself down to the
point whether the proposed day training colleges should
be organised by School Boards (the latter being given
power to co-operate with the local University College),
or whether the University or University College should
itself be made responsible for the organisation of the day
training department, the students having access to public
elementary schools in the neighbourhood for purposes
of practice. Official influence showed itself decisively
in favour of the second plan. This followed the line of
least resistance. Awkward questions as to the extension
of the power of the School Boards would not be raised.
The denominational difficulty, if not actually evaded,
would be raised in a form less likely to provoke con-
Mr. (afterwards Sir) Joshua Fitch, Inspector of Train-
ing Colleges for Women, thought that the Scotch
System, with certain modifications, might be judiciously
adopted in England, f Mr. (afterwards Sir) H. E.
Oakeley, Inspector of Training Colleges for Men, agreed
with his colleague in thinking that the establishment of
University day training colleges in England would meet
a pressing need, while leaving untouched the residential
training colleges which provided the more intimate
influences of a closer corporate life and furnished for
some students a more suitable course of training. Mr.
Oakeley informed the Commissioners that he had received
a letter from the Vice-Chancellor of theVictoriaUniversity
* Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 54,101 ff.
t Ibid., Vol. Ill, 56,739.
32 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
(Dr. Greenwood), stating that the Owens College would
endeavour to take up the scheme of day training colleges
and to work it, and that the Victoria University (then
consisting of Owens College and University College,
Liverpool, but likely to include the Yorkshire College,
Leeds, at a later stage) was prepared to co-operate and
would be glad to see men and women who were training
for the teaching profession avail themselves of the
examinations for the Victoria University degrees. f The
Rev. T. W. Sharpe, Chief Inspector of Schools, while
preferring the residential system of training colleges,
thought that Owens College, the Yorkshire College,
Leeds, and Mason College, Birmingham, might be
utilised in the training of teachers.*
But the evidence which showed most clearly the trend
of official opinion was that of Mr. Patrick Cumin, then
Secretary of the Education Department. He advised
the establishment of day training colleges under the
direction of the local University Colleges and especially
mentioned Manchester, Birmingham, Bangor and Car-
diff as suitable centres for the experiment. A committee
would be established in connection with the University
College for the purpose of dealing with the department.
This committee would settle the lectures to which the
students would go and would be responsible for the
places where they lived. "I do not propose," said Mr.
Cumin, "to interfere in the slightest degree with the
existing training colleges. They are to remain as they
are. One of the objects is to make the position of the
denominational colleges more secure by opening a new
entrance for teachers as to which the question of denom-
ination would not arise. I would have as little to do
with religious views as there is at a Scotch University,
where nobody asks you any questions and you merely go
and attend the lectures." Mr. Cumin though that the
course should be three years. He believed that the
superior education thus offered would attract more candi-
t Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 59, 169.
* Ibid., Vol. I, 4,366.
CATHERINE I. DODD, M.A.,
Late Mistress of Method and Lecturer in Education in the
University of Manchester,
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 33
dates to the teaching profession and that the position
of the teachers would be improved as well as their real
merit and teaching power. Mr. Cumin was prepared to
see day training colleges established not only in towns
where there was actually a University College but where
there was a suitable provision for higher education of
the University type. He pointed out that the day train-
ing colleges would be available both for men and women,
but he himself preferred separate colleges for the two
sexes. The minimum age of admission to the Colleges
should be 18.* This evidence showed the line which
the permanent officials at the Education Department
thought it advisable to take. They threw the weight of
their advice on the side of Dr. Bodington's scheme and
against the plan of School Board training colleges
suggested by Mr. McCarthy.
In their Final Report, which was published in 1888,
the Royal Commissioners, greatly divided on many
points of educational policy, were unanimous in recom-
mending that day training colleges should be established
in connection with the local University Colleges. The
majority of the Commissioners threw their findings on
this subject into the following form :
" While unanimously recommending that the experiment of a system
of day training for teachers, and of day training colleges, should be
tried on a limited scale, we would strongly express our opinion that
the existing system of residential colleges is the best ; and this
recommendation is made chiefly with the view of meeting the cases
of those teachers for whom, for various reasons, residence at a
training college cannot at present be provided.
" Existing training colleges should be permitted to receive day
students on terms, in regard to instruction in religious subjects, similar
to those of the Endowed Schools Act of 1869, section 16." (i.e., a
conscience clause exempting pupils in boarding houses from attending
religious worship or religious instruction.)
" Considering the large need which exists for more ample or more
generally available opportunities of training, and the importance of
giving every facility for training to those who now obtain certificates
without it, an experiment should be made of training non-residential
students in connection with local University Colleges, subject to the
* Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 58,934 ff.
34 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
condition that only a limited number of students should receive
Government assistance towards their training. Such a number of
students should be aided by the department as are found practically
necessary to complete the supply of trained teachers who should be
largely substituted for the present mass of untrained and uncertincated
" Without defining too minutely how the new day training colleges
should be administered, (we think that) their government should be
both educational and of a locally representative character.
. . . . " No portion of the cost of establishing or maintaining new
day training colleges should fall upon the rates.
" The following points will require the serious attention of Parlia-
ment : (1) The question of security for the religious and moral
instruction of those who are to be trained as teachers ; (2) the
constitution of a governing body at each centre, corresponding to the
managing committee of a training college, which at some pecuniary
risk will be responsible for the professional, as distinguished from the
general, education of the students, and will provide model and
practising schools under its own direct control and supervision ; (3)
the adjustment of the financial relations of the governing body with
the Department, more especially in regard to the security to be given
to the State that the students, after being trained at the public cost,
will devote themselves to the work of elementary teachers ; (4) the
means of securing that the supply of trained day students shall not
exceed the probable demands of the country."*
The minority of the Commission, in a separate report,
"while regretting the limitations which restrict the force
of their colleagues' recommendations, were glad to
agree with them in desiring .... the extension of
training generally by the association of day students
* Final Report of the Cross Commission, 1888, pp. 211-212. This
report was signed by the Chairman and 14 out of 22 other Commis-
sioners. The detailed discussion of the day training college system will
be found on pages 98-102 of the Majority Report. One of the Majority,
Sir F. R. Sand ford, formerly Secretary of the Education Department,
expressed himself as uncertain as to the ability of the new University
Colleges to supply the training required, and therefore confined his
approval to "an experiment on a limited scale of a system of non-
residential training, in connection with institutions for higher education,
whose authorities satisfy the Department that suitable arrangements can
be made for the professional as well as the general instruction of those
who are preparing for future employment as teachers" (Final Report,
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 35
with places of higher general education, and in the
recommendation of a conscience clause for day students
who might be admitted to the existing training col-
Thus, in the summer of 1888, it was already clear that
the establishment of University day training colleges
was only a question of time. Meanwhile the assign-
ment of a Parliamentary grant to the University Colleges
of Cardiff, Bangor and Aberystwyth in 1883-4 had
accustomed the mind of the country to a closer co-opera-
tion between the Government and the Universities. In
Scotland, Government grants for University extension
had not been infrequent. In England, the precedents
were less distinct, and the great wealth of Oxford and
Cambridge had prevented the question of Government
grants to University work from becoming an urgent
question of public policy. But so far back as 1868 an
influential deputation from Lancashire had waited on
the Government (Mr. Disraeli being then Chancellor
of the Exchequer) to press upon them the claims of
Owens College for a Government grant of ^"100,000, in
aid of the College extension scheme, a similar grant
which had recently been made to the University of
Glasgow being taken as a precedent. The Duke of
Devonshire's Commission on Scientific Instruction had
recommended in 1874 a Government grant to the London
University Colleges and to Owens College, though
nothing came of this recommendation. But the grants
to the Welsh Colleges in 1883-4, combined with what
had been done for Scotland, pointed towards similar
developments of Government policy in England. And
in 1889 the House of Commons voted the first Treasury
grant in aid of the new University Colleges. After this
great change, the idea of the Universities and University
Colleges administering Parliamentary grants for the
training of teachers met with little opposition.
In May, 1890 (Mr., afterwards Sir, George Kekewich
having been appointed in the previous February Secre-
t Final Report, page 238.
36 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
tary to the Education Department in succession to the
late Mr. Cumin), the Department issued regulations for
the recognition of day training colleges. The definition
of a training college was altered. In the Code of 1889
a training college had been defined as "an institution
for boarding, lodging and instructing students who are
preparing to become certificated teachers in elementary
schools." By the Code of 1890 training colleges were
divided into two groups, residential and day. The
residential college was allowed to receive day as well as
boarding students ; the day training college was required
to be "attached to some University or College of
University rank." These were the words which deter-
mined the position of the day training colleges for the
next fourteen years. The Code of 1890 further provided
that "the authorities of a day training college must be
a local committee who will be responsible for the
discipline and moral supervision of the students and for
their regular attendance at professorial or other lectures."
In 1889 the training colleges (all residential) recognised
by the Department had numbered 44, 18 being for men
and 26 for women. All but five of the former and all but
nine of the latter were in connection with the Church of
England. In the year 1890, seven University Colleges
made successful application for the establishment of day
training departments, viz., King's College, London ;
Owens College, Manchester; Durham College of
Science, Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; Firth College, Sheffield ;
Mason College, Birmingham; University College, Not-
tingham ; University College, Cardiff. An application
had also been received from University College, Bristol,
but in view of the want of suitable accommodation in
the College buildings and of the fact that extensive
additions were then in progress, the Council of the
College was advised to postpone its formal application
till the following year. The day training departments
at King's College and Owens College proposed to
receive men only; Mason College, Birmingham, pro-
posed to receive women only; the plan at Nottingham,
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 37
Cardiff, Durham and apparently at Sheffield was for a
mixed College. The day training department at Firth
College, Sheffield, however, did not actually start its
work in 1890 as none of the students who had made
application for entrance passed the Queen's Scholarship
examination. Mr. Oakeley, in reporting upon the day
training department at Owens College wrote: "The
Committee is the strong College Council. Each student
is to pay an annual fee of 8 ; strict rules are laid down
as to their lodgings .... They began work with 25
students in October, 1890. The students were very
weak indeed in Latin, a difficulty which was met by a
tutorial class being held four times a week, and at the
end of the year they were attending the ordinary College
course. Seventeen have entered for the Victoria pre-
liminary examination, intending, if possible, to proceed
to the Arts or Science degree. The Manchester School
Board has placed some of their best schools at the
disposal of the College as practising schools, and I am
informed by the Master of Method that the students
have been punctual and have worked well." *
One effect of the new Day Training College regula-
tions was to secure greater freedom in the course of
study in the residential colleges also. But there was at
first a little friction in the working of the new arrange-
ments. The original circular of May 1890, while
requiring all day training college students to pass the
'Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1890-1, page 420.
In this general history of the movement for the establishment of
University Day Training Colleges it would be inappropriate to mention,
in the case of our College but not of all, the names of those who
rendered special service during the early and critical years. But those
who are acquainted with the work of the Manchester University Day
Training College will bear in remembrance the part played in the
building up of the institution by Dr. Ward, Mr. E. J. Broadfield,
Professors Dixon, Tout and Alexander, the late Professors Wilkins and
Adamson, the late Principal Greenwood, Mr. W. T. Goode (the first
Master of Method), Miss C. Dodd, and the late Professor H. L. Withers,
who was the first occupant of the Chair of Education from 1899 till his
death in 1902.
38 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
examination prescribed in the Department's syllabus
for reading, recitation, teaching and school management,
announced that Whitehall would accept in other sub-
jects the results of the College examination, provided
that the course of instruction corresponded with the
Government syllabus in extent and difficulty, and that
the questions and worked papers were sent to the
Department, with the marks awarded, in order that there
might be an adjustment to the same standard as that
adopted for the classification of students at the other
colleges. This gave freedom to the Day Training
Colleges, necessary freedom, as it was clear that "the
Department could not enforce on all the University
Colleges exactly the same books in language, or the same
period in history, etc., year by year."* But this con-
cession put the residential colleges at a disadvantage.
In many of those colleges there were students reading
for University degrees at London. But these students,
bound as members of a residential college to the Govern-
ment syllabus in all subjects, had to prepare for two
examinations at the same time. In order to redress this
grievance, new regulations were issued towards the close
of 1890, in a form w r hich applied to day and residential
colleges alike. Each year's course was divided into two
parts. The first part comprised the technical subjects
which all students had to take. The second part covered
the rest of the ordinary syllabus, and it was provided
that any student who passed in any British University
any examination approved by the Department would
not be required to present himself for examination in
those portions of Part 2 of the syllabus which were
included in the University examination .(
In June 1891 a restriction was imposed upon some of
the Day Training Colleges. It was found that in some
of those Colleges which were not in direct connexion
with a University, there was no provision for an external
*Keport of Committee of Council on Education, 1890-1, p. 421.
t Ibid., p. 421.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 39
examiner, or for a board of examiners or for an inter-
change of examining authorities between several col-
leges. "In one or two instances," the official circular
added with horror, "it has been proposed that the
professor of each subject should set a paper of questions
on his own course of lectures, and adjudge the marks,
subject only to the conditions that the Department
should approve beforehand of the scheme of instruction,
and should receive and revise the worked papers after
the examination."* After all, there was nothing very
terrible or irregular in such a proposal. But the Depart-
ment was shocked at the idea of such an arrangement on
the ground that it did not "afford sufficient guarantee
for the equity and uniformity of the tests applied to the
students' work." Accordingly, while all University
examinations were to be accepted "without further
question," the college examinations in a Day Training
College which were not conducted under University
auspices were put on a much less privileged footing.
"My Lords propose, at the certificate examination in
June, to set in addition to the papers set by the College
authorities, a General Paper containing questions on
those subjects which are obligatory on all candidates for
certificates, viz., English, geography, history and
arithmetic. The examination will be taken by all the
normal students in day training colleges who do not
pass one of the university examinations accepted by the
Department as equivalent to Part II. of the syllabus."
From the tone of this new regulation it may perhaps be
inferred that some of the officials in the Department had
taken alarm at the bold and rapid changes made during
the preceding twelve months. The privileges of the new
Day Training Colleges were narrowly watched by many
who, though not unfriendly to their growth, were never-
thefess primarily interested in the claims of the residen-
tial colleges of the older type. But the new regulation
had an effect not realised at the time. It was a factor in
the growth of opinion in favour of securing an indepen-
*E.D. Circular, 303, June 18, 1891.
40 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
dent University position for those University Colleges
like Mason College, Birmingham, which were hampered
by the incompleteness of their academic organization.
The list of Day Training Colleges published in
February 1892, included ten institutions. Five of these
were for men only : one for women only ; and four were
for both sexes. The total number of Day Training
College students was 397. Of these 216 were men, and
181 women. The number of students in their second
year was 164, and of those in their first year 233. The
largest of the ten colleges at that time was Birmingham
with 79 women students. The second largest was
Cardiff (36 men, 35 women). Manchester, with 50 men
students, was fourth on the list. Later in the same year,
1891-2, the number of Day Training Colleges had risen
to 13, and the Manchester College had been recognised
for women students as well as for men. Five colleges
out of the thirteen (Cambridge, Leeds, Liverpool,
King's College, London, and University College,
London) were for men only ; two (Birmingham and
Bristol) for women only ; and six (Aberystwyth, Cardiff,
Manchester, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Nottingham and
Sheffield) for men and women. The inspectors' report
for the year stated that ''the experiment promised to be
very successful." The work done by the students was
commended and gratification expressed at their holding
their own with the other University students in academic
subjects.* Sir Joshua Fitch wrote : "The co-operation
of the authorities of the University Colleges with your
Lordships in the work of training teachers is a new fact
in our educational history and one fraught with impor-
tant consequences not only to popular education but
even to the provincial colleges themselves. It offers to
the professorial staff in each college new opportunities
of influence and public usefulness; and it strengthens
that side of their collegiate work that of general litera-
ture and arts as distinct from physical science for which
there is least local demand. Moreover it brings some of
* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1891-2, pp. 441 ff.
H. THISELTON MARK, B.Sc., M.A., D.Lit.,
Lecturer in Education.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 41
the future primary teachers into a stimulating and intel-
lectual atmosphere ... So far as the working of the
new experiment has extended, it justifies the strongest
hopes of its complete success and promises to recruit the
teaching profession with a very valuable contingent.'*
"Among the incidental advantages," Sir Joshua con-
tinued, "which arise from the establishment of Colleges
of the new type, one has become very visible to me
during the year. Their existence has undoubtedly
stimulated the older (residential) institutions and exer-
cised a beneficial influence upon their aims and methods.
These institutions have in fact little or no reason to
dread the competition of their younger rivals. They
possess advantages of a social and domestic and religious
character which, especially in the case of female students,
will always secure for them the preference of many of the
best of the candidates for the teachers' profession. But
some of them need freshening and invigorating on the
purely educational side of their work, and the example
of their enterprising competitors will not be without
useful results in this respect. Year by year the vacant
places on the teaching staff of the (residential) colleges
are being filled by persons of higher qualifications.
Lecturers and governesses who have had at Cambridge
or otherwise some university training are now frequently
to be found not only in the large and more ambitious
colleges but also in the smaller diocesan institutions."*
This reciprocal influence of the day and residential
colleges was one of the advantages of the new system
which recognised both alike. The residential colleges
were impelled to raise the intellectual standard of their
work : the day training colleges were reminded of the
value of hostels and halls of residence in developing
In 1892-3 the number of students at the 14 Day
Training Colleges had risen to 564. In the 44 residen-
tial training colleges the number of students was 3,363,
exclusive of 60 day students attending under the
* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1891-2, p. 475.
42 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
regulation introduced in 1890. The reports of the
inspectors continued to be "highly satisfactory." "The
Day Training Colleges adapt themselves very readily
to the varied aptitudes of different students." Sir E.
Oakeley, pointing out the value of a University education
for the primary school teacher, quoted Vinet's words
"L'instituteur a besoin d'une instruction supe"rieure pour
s'e"lever a la simplicite." Sir Joshua Fitch said that he
looked forward "in the strong hope to a further develop-
ment, in the near future, of the usefulness of the Day
Training College. The need for some form of profes-
sional preparation for the teachers in secondary schools
is likely to be more and more strongly felt every year
. . . What the young student who is destined to become
a teacher in a higher school wants is a special course of
pedagogic instruction and practice as a technical supple-
ment to his general studies, analogous to that which
would be needed if he contemplated law or medicine as
his career. And this special preparation will probably
be best found not in an institution composed exclusively
of persons whose whole studies are directed by a syllabus
and with a view to a professional examination, but in a
separate normal department of a good general college
where for six or twelve months he may devote himself
mainly to a study of the principles and methods of
education and to systematic practice under due super-
vision and criticism in one or more good schools. Now
this is precisely the want which the institutions now
newly recognised as day training colleges have it in
their power to supply." *
In 1893-4 the number of day training colleges had
risen to 15 (Bangor and Oxford having been added
during the preceding two years), while the number of
students (in 14 of the colleges) remained at 564. Out
of 283 men attending the day training colleges, 108 were
successful in university examinations. "It has occa-
* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1892-3, pp. xiii,
120 and 158-9.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 43
sionally been suggested," wrote Sir E. Oakeley, "that
by encouraging students to take a University course, we
might lead them to think that all in all and to neglect
(more or less) the important technical subjects teaching
and school management. I fully agree that this very
dangerous possibility must be very closely borne in
mind and that any disposition to regard the main work
of their lives as subsidiary must be checked. But I am
glad to say that I have found as a rule that the Univer-
sity students have also done well in school management
and teaching and in history and geography." * In the
same report, Sir Joshua Fitch, who was on the eve of
retirement, surveyed the work of the teaching colleges
in the light of his experience as an inspector. He noted
"a manifest improvement in the teaching staff of the
residential colleges," the liberalising of the course of
study, the wider range of optional subjects recognised
by the Department, the increasing number of students
reading for a university degree, and "the growing feel-
ing in favour of connecting, wherever possible, the work
of the residential colleges with that of any neighbouring
institution of higher academic rank." It is clear from
these observations how stimulating had been the influ-
ence of the day training colleges since their establish-
ment. But Sir Joshua added a warning word. ' The
danger of putting too great reliance on lectures as
instruments of teaching needs more than ever to be
guarded against since the establishment of normal
departments in provincial colleges of university rank.
For, at these institutions, the professorial system is in full
action and in them personal appeals to the students to
reproduce their knowledge orally, or in some other way
than by the preparation of notebooks, are even less
common than in the residential colleges. In both
classes of college alike it needs to be better understood
that it is by the judicious combination of the professorial
and the tutorial system rather than by exclusive reliance
* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1893-4, p. 119.
44 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
on either that the desired results are to be attained.'* *
In the report for 1894-5, Sir E. Oakeley recorded the
liberality of the Drapers' Company in granting six
scholarships of 2$ a year tenable by Queen's scholars
at Oxford and Cambridge. "The students have done
surprisingly well, although most of them knew little or
no Greek when they went up." He also drew the
attention of the Day Training College authorities to the
importance of doing more "to promote a friendly inter-
course between the new class of students and their
ordinary pupils. If a professor is content to deliver his
lectures week by week without knowing anything about
the individual members of his class; if no one in
authority takes notice of the day students by asking them
to his house . . or by introducing them to their fellow
students, the day students lose much, very much, of the
advantages anticipated. At some University colleges
this kindly interest has been shown : at others it has
been almost entirely absent." [
In the following year (1895-6) there appeared for the
first time in the published reports of the Inspectors of
Training Colleges a plea for the establishment of a new
type of college under the management of local authori-
ties. The Technical Instruction Committees of the
County and County Borough Councils had proved the
value of their work in higher education. The idea of
a County or municipal authority for all grades of
education was beginning to take shape. It was natural
therefore that proposals should once more be made for
the extension of the training college system by means
of rate-aid from local authorities. This was the sugges-
tion made by Mr. Scott Coward as inspector of training
colleges. "The residential colleges are full," he wrote,
"and so are the day training colleges" though to the
second half of this statement exception might justly
have been taken. "What is needed in my opinion is
* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1893-4.
\-Ibid., 1894-5, p. 136.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 45
(i) a much wider distribution of normal colleges and (2)
the establishment of a class of college with the main
object of providing, besides a good training, one
specially adapted to the circumstances of the rural
population ... As to the financial difficulty, I see no
other way than by grants from the State and the locali-
ties, by grants, that is, from the public purse of the
central government and of the local authorities ... I
am becoming daily more convinced that the existing
colleges are training students chiefly for the more highly
organised town schools." * These words foreshadowed
a further development of the training college system.
Ten years later, when the new local authorities, formed
under the Education Act of 1902, had become established
in their work, Mr. Scott Coward's forecast was partly
realised. The University Day Training Colleges, the
success of which had made the idea of systematic colle-
giate training for the teaching profession increasingly
acceptable to the public, were not alone sufficient to meet
the needs revealed by the rising standard of educational
In the same year the Department extended its recog-
nition of University courses as forming part of the quali-
fication for the teacher's certificate. The Code for 1896
(section 60 (b) ) announced that "graduates, or persons
who are qualified by examination to become graduates, in
Arts or Science of any University in the United Kingdom
may be recognised as certificated teachers, provided they
hold a certificate of proficiency in the theory and practice
of teaching issued by a University or Collegiate body
and recognised by the Department." Certain certifi-
cates awarded by the Universities of Cambridge, Lon-
don, Durham, and Edinburgh, by the Victoria Univer-
sity and by the College of Preceptors were named in the
Code of 1897 as recognised for this purpose.
In 1897, the annual report of the Education Depart-
ment recorded the fact that one-fifth of the Queen's
* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1895-6, p. 176.
46 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
scholars in the first class expressed their desire to enter
a day training college. This showed that the University
Colleges had rapidly won the confidence of the students
intending to enter the teaching profession. In 1898 the
Departmental Committee on the Pupil Teacher system
testified to the value of the work which these colleges
were doing. "The committee received evidence from
various witnesses as to the important place in the
training institutions of England and Wales filled by
the Day Training Colleges . . . Experience shows that
where the local school authorities provide adequate
preparation for their pupil teachers, where tutorial aid
is afforded in the colleges, and when examinations below
those of a university standard are also available, ex-pupil
teachers of average powers, if willing to take full
advantage of their opportunities, make very satisfactory
progress." But the Committee found that the supply
of training colleges was inadequate to the demand, and
that further extension was necessary, " both by the
enlargement of such present establishments as are not
already unwieldy and by the provision of fresh
In the report for 1898-9, two new Day Training
Colleges Reading and Southampton made their
appearance for the first time. The number of students
in the Day Training Colleges had risen to 1,050, as
compared with 3,700 students (exclusive of 118 day
students) in the residential colleges. Sir E. Oakeley in
his valedictory remarks alluded to the establishment of
the Day Training Colleges as "an important feature
during his term of office" and emphasised the value of
residental hostels in connection with them : Mr. Scott
Coward deprecated the attempt, on the part of ill-
prepared though ardent students, to combine a degree
course with professional training; and Mr. P. A.
Barnett recorded that "the quality of the work, general
and technical, in the Day Training Colleges is certainly
* Report of the Departmental Committee, pp. 22.3.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 47
rising the technical work in some of them being as well
done as in any residential college but regretted a
tendency to starve the staffs and to expect one or two
people to perform duties which elsewhere tax the
energies of half a dozen . The advantage derived by the
student of a day training department from the connexion
with a local university college should be more than a
share of the privilege of attending lectures of eminent
teachers whom they do not always understand. ' H The
period of compliments had passed. The new institu-
tions had to stand the fire of criticism. In his next
report (1899 1900) Mr. Scott Coward wrote with some
vehemence that insufficient precautions were taken in
some day training colleges to prevent ill-equipped
students from attempting the degree courses. "I believe
with increasing conviction that the policy of forcing
such students through university courses is of more than
doubtful expediency ; and I am certain that more good
results from building upon foundations strong enough
to bear the weight of a superstructure suitable to them."
But he singled out Owens College as one of those in
which "care is taken to secure the necessary antecedent
conditions," though even then "the effort to compass
such a course of study involves a heavy strain especially
upon the women and men who take the science course."
But in the same report it is announced that the govern-
ing bodies of the Manchester, Leeds, and Liverpool Day
Training Colleges have decided * to admit none to the
college who will not consent to take the degree course,'
with the result that at Manchester all the 48 men and
44 women in the college were intending to graduate. "f
It was now becoming clear that the permanent success
of the new plan for the professional training of teachers
in connection with a university course would depend upon
the systematic provision of good secondary education
* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1898-9, pp. 311,
j- Report of the Board of Education, 1899-1900, p. 331.
48 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
throughout the country. Towards this end the Technical
Instruction Committee of the County and County
Borough Councils were steadily working, so far as their
very limited resources and powers allowed. Two years
later, the Education Act of 1902 was to change the
situation and to open the way for a great extension and
development of secondary schools.
In the year 1900-1, Mr. A. Rankine reviewed the
position of the training colleges in a breezy report which
gave a discriminating but decidedly favourable report
of the day training departments. "The Day Training
Colleges which I have inspected seem to me as efficient
as possible in the circumstances. Possibly the circum-
stances might be more favourable. They all suffer from
the rawness of the material which they have to work
upon and from the lack of funds. They would do more
in the direction of providing hostels if the means were at
their disposal, but they are poor. . . . No education is
too good for the teachers, and the universities are for
the nation, not for a class. ... In the case of university
students it is thought by some authorities that it would
be better to let the men take their degree first, undisturbed
by other work, and then call upon them for a period of
continuous training in the practice and science of
teaching."* In other words Mr. Rankine anticipated
a development which has, in some measure, now been
Thus the first ten years in the history of the day
training colleges proved to be a decade of rapid growth
and consolidation. The second ten years have been a
period of equally rapid increase in the number of
students and of maturing organisation. Three note-
worthy changes in English education have affected their
position and outlook the granting of charters to a
succession of new universities, the enlargement of
opportunities for secondary education both for boys and
girls, and the establishment of a new type of day
* Report of the Board of Education, 1900-1, vol. ii, pp. 192-3.
H. L. WITHERS, M.A.,
Late Sarah Fielden Professor of Education.
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 49
training college under the local authorities. In 1900 the
Mason College became the University of Birmingham :
in 1903 charters were granted to the Universities of
Manchester and Liverpool; in 1904 to the University of
Leeds; in 1905 to the University of Sheffield; in 1909
to the University of Bristol. These changes have
greatly increased the strength and resources of the
institutions concerned, and in the many benefits thus
secured the day training departments have shared.
Hardly less important in its bearing upon the fortunes
of the day training colleges has been the rapid growth
of secondary education which has followed the establish-
ment of the new local authorities by the Act of 1902.
Efficient secondary schools are the keystone of the
educational arch. Upon the generous provision of
opportunities for a liberal secondary education, the
welfare of the universities largely depends. Thirdly, in
1904 (the Act of 1902 having empowered the new local
authorities to make provision for the training and
instruction of teachers) the Board of Education recog-
nised a new type of training college which, though not
in connexion with a University or University College,
need not on that account be a residential college, as had
hitherto been the case. The new regulations for that
year thus modified the definition of a training college
which had been in force since 1890.
" A training college, whether residential or day, may be either (a)
a separate institution carried on solely for the training of teachers, or
(6) a department of a university, or (c) a department of an institution
devoted to higher education in Arts and Sciences." Thus, at last, the
Government realised the hope which the Birmingham School Board
had expressed in its memorial twenty-two years before. And in 1905
the provision of new training colleges (day or residential) by the local
authorities was stimulated by the offer of a building grant limited to
25 per cent, of the total cost of site and buildings a subsidy raised
to 75 per cent, in 1906.
During the last few years, material changes have been
made in the Board's regulations as affecting the Univer-
sity Day Training Colleges. In 1905, the authorities
50 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
of every training college were assigned the duty of
making their own classification of the students trained
by them and ' of justifying their awards in the public
eye by the test of experience/ In 1907, the Board
framed anew the undertaking required from students
entering a training college. The undertaking now
binds the student to serve as a teacher for a certain
number of years (seven in the case of a man, five in the
case of a woman) in an approved school within a period
of years (ten in the case of a man, seven in the case of a
woman) after leaving the training college. The term
'approved school' is defined as including an Elemen-
tary School in England or Wales on account of which
grants are paid by the Board or by some other Govern-
ment Department, and, in addition, any Secondary
School, Pupil Teacher Centre, or Training College in
respect of which grants are paid by the Board. The
Board is also prepared to consider whether in particular
cases they can accept as satisfying the undertaking
service in schools or classes aided by them under other
regulations, or service in State-aided schools in other
parts of the British Dominions. In 1909 the Board
issued for the first time Regulations for the Training
of Teachers in Secondary Schools, a new departure
which closely concerned some of the University Day
Training Colleges and among them that at the Univer-
sity of Manchester. Finally, in the same year the Board
announced that no training college not already recog-
nised would be considered as completely equipped with-
out a Demonstration School, which it declares to be
'one of the most important elements in the organisation
of a Training College.' A Demonstration School is
required to be 'closely associated with the Training
College for the purpose of illustrating the most approved
and successful methods of school organisation, discipline
and instruction.' This addition to the Departmental
regulations may be traced in part to the successful work,
first of the Primary Demonstration School established
in Brunswick Street, Manchester, in 1902, and secondly
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 5!
of the Fielden School (carried on in Lime Grove, 1905-8,
and now installed in Victoria Park) which the University
owes to the munificence of the late Mrs. Sarah Fielden.
The name of Mrs. Fielden is thus associated both with
the chair of education in the University and with an
indispensable part of the equipment of the Training
Closely connected with the establishment of Chairs of
Education in the British Universities and with the study
of methods of teaching in the University training depart-
ments has been the growth of the influence of German
and American thought upon our educational theory and
practice. The influence of Professor Wilhelm Rein and
of his Practising School at Jena has been conspicuous,
especially in some of the English Universities and in
directing attention to the value of Demonstration
Schools. Other German students of education whose
work has had a marked effect upon the development of
the English University Training Colleges are the late
Professor Friedrich Paulsen, Professor Wilhelm Munch
and Professor Meumann. Not less influential have been
the researches of President Stanley Hall of Clark
University, Worcester, Mass., and (especially during
recent years) of Professor John Dewey, formerly of
Chicago University and now at Columbia, and of the
staff of Teachers' College, Columbia University, in the
City of New York.
When the last official statistics were published, there
were 20 University Training Colleges 17 in England
and 3 in Wales. They provided accommodation for
3,409 students. The number of recognised students in
residence was 3,091. The number of men and women
students was about equal, women slightly preponderat-
ing. In England during the last five years the number
of students in the University Training College, in the
case of men and women students alike, has more than
doubled. In Wales during the same period the numbers
have increased only 5*9 per cent. But in England and
Wales together, the number of University Training
52 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
College students has increased 89 per cent, since the
session 1905-6. The following table shows the growth
of the Colleges during the last four years for which
statistics are available.
No. of Univer-
Number of Recognised
Men Women Total
No. of Univer-
Number of Recognised
Men Women Total
The older of the University Day Training Colleges
in England and Wales will come of age in 1911. Their
history, though short, has been significant. Their growth
has been an index of a subtle change in national feeling,
especially in English national feeling, with regard to
public education. They sprang into existence when the
social results of the Education Act of 1870 had brought
popular instruction in England and Wales to the point
at which it became possible to adapt to our conditions
a method of educational organisation found practicable
in Scotland seventeen years earlier. The special interest
of their history lies in its context; in the converging
forces and influence which have affected and streng-
thened their position ; and in the fact that their success
has been a sign of an integrating movement in national
But though chiefly owing to their present position
to movements in educational opinion and in public
THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 53
policy which have affected the general position of the
University as well as that of the elementary and
secondary school,, the Day Training Colleges have
already themselves exerted a not inconsiderable
influence upon our educational thought and prac-
tice. Their existence has given support to a
larger and more generous view of the work and
aims of the public elementary schools. Again, the
once generally accepted notion that elementary school
teaching was a career cut off from the liberal professions
has been decisively weakened by the success of institu-
tions which have brought thousands of intending
teachers into full enjoyment of the varied companion-
ships and intellectual opportunities offered by university
life. Thirdly, the University Day Training Depart-
ments have given a strong impulse to improvements in
other parts of the educational system of the country.
Their establishment, as we have seen, at once put the
residential training colleges on their mettle and quickly
led to improvements in the laboratory equipment of
those institutions and in the academic qualifications of
their teaching staff. The standard of work in both
types of training college consequently rose, and it
became necessary to improve the preliminary education
of the pupil-teachers. The determination to secure a
more liberal) training for the pupil teachers was a
powerful lever which was used in popularising and
extending the secondary schools. These reforms in
secondary education opened an easier passage from the
elementary schools to the University. The accommoda-
tion in the training colleges (of which the University
departments provided a considerable quota) having been
much enlarged, the number of college-trained teachers
increased, with benefit to the elementary schools from
which a growing number of pupils pass on to the
secondary schools and thence to the Universities. This
has strengthened the current from the elementary
schools through the secondary schools to the Univer-
sities and back again from the Universities to elementary
54 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES
and secondary education. In helping to open out the
course for the new current, the spade-work done in the
University Day Training Colleges has been timely and
Upon the growth and organisation of the new Univer-
sities and University Colleges, in the intellectual and
corporate life of which it has been their privilege to
share, the Day Training Departments have exerted an
influence to which in conclusion a brief reference should
be made. They have materially increased the number
of University students, in the Faculty of Arts as well as
in the Faculty of Science. They have developed the
co-educational side of English University life. They
have led, in respect of the work of students in training
for the teaching profession, to a close connection
between the new Universities and the Board of Educa-
tion. They have given facilities for the professional
training of teachers for secondary, as well as for
elementary, schools. And they have confirmed the
claim of the science of education to a place in the circle
of academic studies alongside of, and in close connection
with, other forms of research.
M. E. SADLER.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER.
A SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 1890-1911.
A COMING of age invariably suggests two trains of
thought ; one, a backward glance of reminiscence to the
struggles of childhood and adolescence successfully
passed : the other, a forward glance of hope and antici-
pation towards the period of maturity which is opening.
Reminiscence is bound to be peculiarly attractive, in
this case, to those who shared in the early life of the
Department of Education : anticipation dominates the
thoughts especially of those whose interest dates from
a later period : but one and all may equally feel pride
in the development of a full-grown, well-equipped, and
multifariously-active department of University life from
the small and difficult beginnings of 21 years ago.
Although it has nothing actually to do with the
founding of the department, it is pertinent to the present
record to state that as far back as 1883-4 some interest
was stirring in the Owens College in the treatment of
the Theory of Education from a philosophical point of
view, and that lectures were actually given by the late
Professor Adamson, one of the prime movers in the
foundation of the Manchester Day Training College
the nucleus of the present department of Education--
seven years later.
The veritable ' 'Founders' Day" of the Department is
May 1 6th, for on that date in the year 1890 the scheme
for the institution of the Day Training College Depart-
ment (the Manchester Day Training College, the Owens
College, Manchester, to give it its full official title) was
passed. In the October term of the same year the
56 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
Training College entered upon the period of active
existence which has culminated in the celebrations of
to-day; the seed which had been planted in 1883 began
It is a little saddening to record that of the three men
who were chiefly responsible for the institution of the
Day Training College, Principal A. W. Ward, the late
Professor R. Adamson, and Mr. E. J. Broadfield, only
one, the last, remains connected with Manchester; and
that six of the original Committee of the Day Training
College have since passed away. The constitution of
that Committee was as follows :
The Duke of Devonshire (since deceased).
Mr. Joseph Thompson (since deceased),
Dr. A. W. Ward.
Mr. Thomas Ashton (since deceased).
Mr. E. J. Broadfield.
Mr. Edward Donner (now Sir Edward Donner, Bart.).
Mr. Oliver Hey wood (since deceased).
Sir W. H. Houldsworth.
Mr. Alfred Neild (since deceased).
Mr. W. Morton Phillips.
Dr. H. J. Roby.
Sir Henry E. Roscoe.
Professor A. Schuster.
Professor A. Milnes Marshall (since deceased).
Rev. Caleb Scott.
It was under the governance of this Committee, and
the fostering care of Principal Ward and Professor
Adamson that the Day Training College Department
opened in 1890, and entered on the first strenuous stage
of its existence. Numbers were small : 25, all told,
was the number of entries permitted by the Board of
Education of the day, and the special staff of the Day
Training College for professional training consisted of
the Master of Method, Mr. W. T. Goode, M.A., alone.
This first period, the childhood stage, was indeed an
arduous one, and the College device arduus ad solem
was never more aptly applied. Difficulties arose on all
BARBARA FOXLEY, M.A.,
Late Mistress of Method in the University of Manchester
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 57
sides. The exact relation to University life in general
of the infant department had to be found, and at the
same time it had to justify its own existence. This was
more difficult at that date than may now seem credible,
for it is not to be supposed that at the outset a body of
students from elementary school departments could be
at once found who were in all respects prepared for, and
capable of, taking up University work in addition to
their professional training. The relations which were
entered into between the Master of Method and the
surrounding schools and centres which were to feed the
Department showed a way out of this initial difficulty
which year by year grew steadily smaller.
There remained the constant difficulties with the
Board of Education, who, in bringing into existence the
new type of Training College had taken only the first
step in a deeply complicated movement. Intricate
details of administration, inspection, balancing the
requirements of the University and the Board of Educa-
tion, a host of things on which the success, even the very
life, of those Training Colleges depended, had to be
met and worked out as they arose, and they arose in
That these difficulties were met and to some extent
solved, is due to the devotion and strenuous labour of
Dr. Ward and Professor Adamson ; to Dr. Ward first
and foremost, to whom no expenditure of time and
thought that might smooth the path of the struggling
department, seemed too great. The other members of
the staff were equally zealous, and help was freely given
by the College professors and lecturers, to whom the
possibilities of the new venture were early apparent.
It may seem strange in 1911, but from 1890 to 1898 it
was quite a commonplace, that tutorial classes in nearly
all the subjects of the Arts course had to be instituted for
the benefit of the new class of students, and though the
labour involved was very great, improved results justi-
fied its expenditure, the tale of successes grew steadily
more imposing, while at the same time, owing to the
58 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
changed conditions under which intending entrants
were prepared, the necessity for such work began to
diminish. It is not out of place to insist on these
details: they throw into stronger relief the successful
development of the next, the adolescent period whose
foundations indeed were laid in these early, strenuous,
The fact that after two years (1892) a similar depart-
ment for women students was opened, speaks volumes
for the promise held out by the new Day Training
College for men. The Women's College began with an
entry of eight students, and a professional staff of one,
a Mistress of Method, Miss Catherine I. Dodd, whose
successful management of the women's side only came
to an end in 1905 on her selection as Principal of
Cherwell Hall, Oxford.
The men's class had been housed in the Studio, a
room fraught with many memories, but on the advent
of the women students (who began their collegiate
existence in a back room in Brunswick Street, with a
cracked blackboard as sole apparatus), this room was
afterwards (1894) vacated in their favour, the men
migrating to the Old Court Room, now the Bursar's
Office. Such were the small and unostentatious begin-
nings from which sprang the large Department of
Education whose majority we are now celebrating.
The Training College for Women with Miss Edith
Wilson in general supervision as the Women's Tutor,
and Miss Dodd as Mistress of Method; and the Training
College for Men with Dr. Ward as its Principal and
Mr. Goode as Master of Method, were from the first
separate institutions, though pursuing parallel lives and
meeting with very similar experiences throughout this
first phase, at the close of which, in 1898, they were
about equally large, 48 men and 49 women.
The professional staff had been increased in the Men
and Women's Departments by Mr. (now Dr.) Walter
Carroll for instruction in Music, in 1892. His long
connection with the Day Training College only ended
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 59
in 1909, and his work will always be honourably asso-
ciated with the fortunes of the Department of Education.
Later, 1899, Miss C. Brown (Mrs. Morley) assisted the
M,istress of Method in the instruction of the women
students in Needlework, ceasing to do so in 1902.
It was not only in the devotion of the Principal and
their respective staffs that the Training College Depart-
ments were fortunate, they were fortunate also in the
timely and valuable help given by friends outside the
College. The School Board for Manchester opened its
schools freely in all parts of the town to the students for
the purposes of professional training, and in Mr. C. H.
Wyatt, then clerk to the School Board, a real friend
was found. Not less worthy of note was the ungrudg-
ing and continuous help given by many of the Head
Teachers of the schools visited and used by the students,
among whom the names of the late Mr. H. Hutton, of
Ducie Avenue School, Mr. Powell of Birley St. School,
Mr. James Scotson, M.A., of the Central Higher Grade
School, and Mr. G. Sharpies of Waterloo Road School,
deserve an honourable place : while the sympathetic
advice and stimulative interest of the Rev. F. F. Cornish,
H.M.I., and Mr. Scott-Coward, H.M.I., (recently
deceased), will be remembered gratefully by those who
welcomed it and profited by it during these preliminary
years of storm and stress.
In October 1898, the Master of Method was called to
a post in London, and his departure indicates the
moment at which the childhood stage of the Day
Training College began to draw to a close. In looking
back on those years it is easy now to pass lightly over
difficulties which at the time were very real, over labour
which threatened at times to become excessive, and to fix
one's gaze on the indubitable progress which was
accomplished. The academic record of the Day Train-
ing College was more than creditable, in some cases
even brilliant, and in their professional success in post-
collegiate days the students of the period 1890-8, the
period of beginnings, have given proof of their quality.
60 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
It is pleasing also to recall that some success was
achieved in the lighter side of College life, and that in
the gymnasium, the fives' courts, and the sports' field,
the members of the Day Training College gave a good
account of themselves and assisted in some small degree
in maintaining the honour of their Alma Mater.
The appointment of Professor Withers to the Chair
of Education in the Owens College in June, 1899, marks
definitely the change to adolescence, but he did not
assume the duties of the Chair until December of that
year, and the intervening time, October 1898 to Decem-
ber 1899, calls for a special note. On the departure of
the Master of Method a locum tenens was found in Mr.
H. Thiselton Mark, D.Lit,* M.A., B.Sc. He had been
a student in the newly instituted University Class for the
Teachers' Diploma, and the excellence of his work
justified his appointment as Master of Method during
the interregnum. The fortunes of the Men's Training
College were guided by him until Professor Withers
took up his duties, when the temporary character of Mr.
Mark's appointment was changed for something more
permanent. He was appointed Assistant Lecturer in
Education and Tutor of the Day Training College for
Men in 1899; in 1904 he was made a Lecturer in Educa-
tion of the University, and he continued to exercise
these functions in Training College and University till
1910, when a further change was made. In July of that
year he took up a special post as Lecturer in Education,
being set free from the duties of Master of Method in
order to extend his work as Sunday School Education
Lecturer in connection with the courses of the University
Extension Board. His long connection with the work
of the Department has left a deep impression on it, and
has fully justified the fortunate selection made in 1898.
The Chair of Education, the first of its kind in
*We take this opportunity of congratulating Mr. Mark on the degree
recently conferred upon him by the University of London in recognition
of his work in Educational Psychology ; we believe that this is the first
occasion on which a British University has conferred a Doctor's degree-
for research work connected with Education. ED.
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 61
English Universities, to which Professor H. L. Withers
acceded in 1899, was due to the munificence of the
late Mrs. Fielden of Todmorden, and among her many
gifts to the cause of Education in Lancashire there is
none likely to have more far-reaching effects. It
brought the Training College Department at one stride
into a new position, and gave it a character it had
hitherto lacked. The striking qualities of the first
occupant of the Chair, his great educational abilities
and experience, and his genial personality, added to the
influence of the new Professorship; and his untimely
death in the autumn of 1902 was not only a great
personal loss to those who knew him, but a heavy blow
to the Department, which was thus deprived of its head
at a most critical stage of its development. Critical, for
with the foundation of the Chair of Education, the
Training College had started on the new phase which
was to end in its being merged in a University Depart-
ment with activities on a larger and much wider scale
than heretofore. A memorial brass, placed in the upper
corridor of the University main building, keeps alive
the memory of Professor Withers's work.
Brief as was the period during which Professor
Withers held the reins, a departure, due to the initiative
of Miss Dodd, was made during that time which was
of the first value and was destined to develop consider-
ably within a very few years the opening of a primary
school and kindergarten in premises in Brunswick
Street, a first effort towards a Demonstration School
where, as Professor Alexander put it in an article on the
school in the Manchester Guardian, "students might
observe, carried out in practice, the methods of teaching
which they learn to regard as the most efficient."
The school was established and worked by Miss Dodd
and a zealous band of students whose enthusiasm
lent a hand in the furnishing of the small rooms occu-
pied by the school, making and painting shelves,
providing curtains, helping in the small economies that
had perforce to be practised. More than that, they
62 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
collected money for the school, which was financed by
these subscriptions and the pecuniary help of a few
interested people, among whom were Professor
Alexander, Mrs. Eckhard, Mr. T. C. Horsfall the
veteran educationalist, and Mrs. T. Brown, M.A.
Among notable features of the school were the journeys
into Derbyshire, which were the first of their kind in
England and led the way for a new and important
development in school life. Unassuming as were the
proportions of the new school it was, to quote once
again from the same article, "a not unimportant event
in the history of education in Manchester.'*
In September, 1903, Professor J. J. Findlay succeeded
to the vacant Chair and to the headship of the Depart-
ment, which was strengthened by the appointment of
so widely-known an educational authority as Mr.
Michael E. Sadler, as Professor of the History and
Administration of Education. Within a year of
these appointments a further development took place,
consequent on a change in the status of the Owens
College itself. Up to 1904 it had formed part of the
(Federal) Victoria University; after the dissolution of
the federation of Colleges in Manchester, Liverpool and
Leeds, the Owens College was granted the status and
dignity of an independent University the Victoria
University of Manchester and the two Training
College departments, together with other branches, e.g.,
a department for the training of teachers in Secondary
Schools, came under the control of, and formed the Depart-
ment of Education in, the new Manchester University.
In bringing about this change of style and condition
Professor Alexander played a large part. The small
Training College, opened in 1890, had not only justified
the foresight of its founders, but was, from this date,
fairly launched on the more imposing career it is to-day
The staff of the Women's College was increased by
the addition of Miss Katherine Godson of Girton College,
Cambridge, as assistant to the Mistress of Method, in
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 63
the same year, but she severed her connection two years
later, and in 1905 Miss Dodd took up an important
appointment at Oxford and brought to a close the
intimate and successful part she had played in the
control and development of the women's side since 1892.
The value of her work was recognised by the new
University, and the honorary degree of Master of Arts
conferred upon her, a fitting acknowledgment of her
devotion and unsparing labour. Her place was supplied
by Miss Barbara Foxley, M.A., as Assistant Lecturer
in Education and Mistress of Method in 1906 (after a
temporary appointment during part of the preceding
session), a post which she vacated in 1910; since filled
partly by Miss C. M. Rankine Brown, M.A., as Tutor
in Charge of the three-year students in the Elementary
Department for Women, and partly by Miss M. A.
Fountain, B.Sc., in a similar capacity for two-year
students. Previous to this Miss L. E. Start, a former
student, had been appointed as Teacher of Needlework,
Drawing and Handicrafts, a post which she still
occupies, and is, in point of time, the senior member
of the Women's Department.
On the men's side the increasing importance and
extent of the work is marked by the appointment of
Mr. P. Sandiford, M.Sc., Ph.D. (Columbia), as Junior
Assistant Lecturer in Education and Demonstrator in
Education, from 1906 to 1908, after which for two years
he was occupied in work at the Teachers' College of
Columbia University, New York, returning in 1910 to
take up a second appointment as Lecturer in Education
and Tutor for the three-year men students: by the
appointment of Mr. C. E. Stockton, M.A., as Assistant
Lecturer in Education and Demonstrator in 1908 : and
Mr. S. E. Maltby, M.A., in a similar position from
1907 to 1910. The ranks of Assistant Lecturers and
Demonstrators have been further swelled by the addition
of Miss E. C. Dickinson, B.A., Mr. J. Shelley, B.A.,
Miss H. N. Ormrod, M.A., and Mr. A. Bartle, B.A.,
Miss J. P. Slight, N.F.U., Miss K. King May, all of
64 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
whom are still members of the staff, and Miss G.
Owen, B.Sc., Miss W. Gray Maitland, and Miss
K. Noakes, B.A., who found promotion in other
Training Colleges in 1910. Mr. T. Keighley,
Mus.Doc., had acted as joint Instructor in Singing
in the Training College Department from 1905, and
on the departure of Dr. Carroll in 1909 to a Chair in
the Royal College of Music, Dr. Keighley replaced
him as Instructor in Singing to the Department of
Education. Dr. Carroll's new post has not necessit-
ated the withdrawal of his interest from the work of
training teachers. A department for the Training of
Music Teachers being formed in the Royal Manchester
College of Music, he has become the first Professor of
the Art and Practice of Music Teaching, thus worthily
carrying into other fields the principles and practice he
so well illustrated for seventeen years in the Department
Some of these appointments had special reference to
the work of the Department in training teachers for
secondary schools, an important feature of the develop-
ment of the original Training College. As far back as
1895, in the federal University, there had been instituted
a Teachers' Diploma, intended to provide a course of
instruction and a professional qualification for teachers
in secondary schools. The Master of Method in the
Day Training College was charged with the courses of
lectures in professional subjects, in the History of
Education, Teaching Methods, and Special Educational
Studies, and the necessary practical work and demons-
trations in school, other academic subjects being
distributed over the classes of the Arts course, chiefly the
classes in Philosophy. The first Diploma was granted
in 1896, to Miss Mary Marsland, M.A., and from that
year onwards a small number of graduates were con-
stantly to be found preparing for this qualification.
During the regime of Professor Withers this particular
branch of activity was further developed and a systematic
course of evening lectures was instituted, attendance at
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 65
which was part of the qualification for entry to the
examination for the Diploma. As however interest
grew in the training, qualification, and registration of
secondary school teachers, and as later the secondary
department was recognised by the Board of Education
and fell under its Regulations, this plan had to be
abandoned, and from 1904 onwards the course for the
Teachers' Diploma became a post-graduate course
covering a year's study, theoretical and practical.
From the very first, in 1895, the view was taken that the
Diploma, though primarily instituted as a qualification
for secondary teachers, might prove a means by which
students of the elementary teachers' Training College
who wished to undertake the further study of education
could do so and thereby obtain a higher professional
qualification than that provided by the Elementary
School Teachers' Certificate. This view has been justi-
fied, quite a considerable number of these students have
availed themselves of the opportunity, and at the present
time a goodly proportion of the Diploma Class consists
of them. This was "a consummation devoutly to be
wished" since the Regulations of the Board of Education
now permit the compulsory period of work in schools,
after qualification, to be performed in secondary schools,
and it also strengthens and extends the influence which
the Department of Education exerts on secondary
schools. The steady growth of this branch of
" secondary " training has involved a corresponding
increase in the amount and complexity of instruction
necessary, met by the courses of the two Professors of
Education, Professor Findlay and Professor Sadler, by
courses in Theory and Practice held by Lecturers and
Demonstrators wholly or partly occupied with secondary
work, and by special courses given by Miss Sara
Burstall, B.A. (Lond.), M.A. (Dublin), Head Mistress
of the High School for Girls, and Mr. J. L. Paton,
M.A., High Master of the Manchester Grammar School.
The duties of tutor in this department, both for men and
women students, are performed by Miss Caroline
66 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
Herford of Newnham College, sometime Head Mistress
of Ladybarn House School, who was appointed in 1910.
Miss Herford's previous work as Head Mistress of the
Ladybarn House School in South Manchester, her well-
known educational experience, ability and interests,
make this appointment a source of strength to the
The fusion of the two stages of training for work
in Primary and Secondary Schools in one Department
of Education has been productive of the happiest results.
No separation exists beyond what is clearly necessary
for the administrative requirements of the regulations
of the Board of Education ; and this solidarity carries
out and exemplifies in the best possible way the spirit
which animated the University in embarking on the
training of teachers, and has informed it ever since.
The development of the Department has rendered
possible a further advance, which goes far beyond the
limits of Government regulations, while being eminently
characteristic of the University spirit and system. The
encouragement given by the University to students of
all Departments, to offer for the Master's Degree by
investigation and research rather than by sitting for
further examination, or attendance on lectures, finds
its echo in the Department of Education. This year,
for the first time, several ex-students of the Department
return, after a period of successful teaching, to conduct
investigations into problems of school organisation or
school teaching. On the value of this departure, in
promoting the scientific study of education, it is needless
One part, indispensable, of the professional training
given in both the elementary and secondary sections of
the Department the practice of teaching, the initiation
of educational experiments, observation and criticism
of work done, and the demonstration of effective methods
of class procedure, in short, the use of an educational
laboratory is supplied by an institution at whose origin
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 67
I have hinted further back. The primary school and
kindergarten opened in premises in Brunswick Street
in 1902 is now merged in the Fielden Demonstration
School with a Head Master, Mr. W. J. Deeley, B.A.,
and six assistants in the Upper School, and a Head
Mistress, Miss K. Steel, N.F.U., and five assistants in
the Primary School, in its own premises in Victoria
Park, equipped to act as a station for the application
and testing of theoretical methods, for observation and
practical experience of the actual process of a teacher's
work. The step is a long one and full of significance.
In 1905 an upper school, called the Fielden Upper
School, was opened in Lime Grove : and once more the
Department was indebted to the generosity which had
made the Chair of Education in the University a
possibility, a fact made evident by the name of this
Upper School. In January, 1908, the Primary School
after being in the charge of Miss M. G. Findlay, M.Sc.,
for two years, was transferred to new premises also in
Lime Grove, assisting in this way in the training of
another class of teachers teachers of young children
which was a new departure recently made by the Depart-
ment of Education, and carried on mainly in premises
adjoining the Primary School.
Schools carried on in premises originally intended as
dwelling houses could only be regarded as a temporary
expedient. Once the success of the experiment towards
a Demonstration School had justified itself, it was clear
that accommodation more suitable for such an indis-
pensable part of the equipment of a Training College
would have to be found. And the munificence of Mrs.
Sarah Fielden, exercised yet again, made this possible.
The " Oaklands" house and grounds in Victoria Park
were purchased by her and handed over to the Council
of the University and Mr. A. T. Bentley, M.A., as
trustees of the school, and the Department of Education
found itself (September, 1908) in possession of a
Demonstration School and surroundings which are
unique among British Demonstration Schools. The
68 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
building allows of kindergarten and primary depart-
ments being carried on on the ground floor, the upper
school being on the first floor : with large rooms for
Demonstrations and Open Lessons, and others for the
use of teachers and lecturers. In addition to the usual
workshop and Science laboratory, there are the grounds
of the building, two acres in extent, which offer a
remarkable field for the purpose of experiments in
Nature Study and open-air teaching. The Department
of Education has, in good sooth, reason to bless the
name of Fielden, and the words of Professor Alexander
on the opening of the very small beginning of these
Demonstration Schools in rooms at 225, Brunswick
Street six years before, take on a wider significance.
These efforts were not only "a not unimportant event
in the history of education in Manchester" they may
well prove in the future to have been not unimportant
in the general educational history of England.
The Schools are managed by a Committee, chiefly
appointed by the Council of the University; and they
are fortunate in having as their President Sir William
Mather (Privy Councillor), whose devotion to educa-
tional reform is too well known and appreciated to need
further eulogium here.
A certain vigorous esprit de corps animated from the
first the members of the Day Training College depart-
ment. It became the practice to meet at least once a
year and strengthen in social fashion the ties formed
in College classes, and in 1895 at the annual Training
College Dinner (held in the city, as the present palatial
Union buildings were not even dreamed of), it was
proposed to found a Club which should keep past
students in touch with their College. The proposal
became an actuality, the Manchester (Owens) Club was
founded and became a powerful factor not only in
maintaining social amenities among its members, but in
keeping alive the corporate sentiment without which
any academic or professional collectivity is permanently
weakened. Its first officers were :
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 69
President ... Mr. W. T. GOODE, M.A.
Vice-President Mr. W. CARROLL, M us. Doc.
Treasurer ... Mr. J. WHITESIDE, B.A.
Secretaries ... Mr. W. RACE, B.Sc.
Mr. J. C. HAGUE, M.A.
Committee: H. Bailey, B.Sc., F. Northrop, B.A.,
J. A. Sample, B.A. (since dead), E. B. Naylor; past
students being represented by the first three, and
internal students by the last.
With a slight modification of its constitution the Club
has continued to function and to grow till the present
day, and it is difficult to over-estimate the part it has
played in strengthening the Training College as a
corporate body and in keeping alive feelings of comrade-
ship and a fine spirit of mutual esteem among all
students who have passed through it. It is not too
much to say that the present celebration is due in large
measure to the devotion, tenacity and self-forgetting
work of the present Secretary, Mr. J. Lord, B.A.
On four occasions, at intervals of three years, the
Club has issued a chronological roll of students of the
Men's Training College, with notes containing details of
their subsequent careers where such were procurable : the
present volume takes the place of a new issue, now due.
These successive rolls throw much light of a gratifying
nature on the part played by the Training College
students in their profession. They prove that these
men, "citizens of no mean city," are worthily upholding
the honour of citizenship.
Useful as have been its functions as a social organiza-
tion, something equally, if not more, useful sprang from
the Club. Under its auspices, on February 23rd, 1906,
an Education meeting was held, at which the formation
of a University Education Society was mooted. That
Society is now a fait accompli, and how profitable such
a Society can be is seen in the first publication of the
Educational Series of the Manchester University
Publications an inquiry into Continuation Schools in
70 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
England and elsewhere, which is largely based on work
undertaken by the members under the direction of
Professor Sadler. That series has been further enriched
by The Demonstration Schools' Record, edited by
Professor Findlay with the assistance of colleagues in
the Department and by Miss Eva Dodge's The Teaching
of History in Gifls' Schools in North and Central Ger-
many. The present volume will! be No. 4 of the Series.
The aims of the Education Society are high, and are
reflected in the Presidential addresses, since published,
of Sir William Mather and Professor Alexander.
On the women's side the functions of the men's Club
were performed by a Society called the " Catherine
Wheel," a graceful tribute to the influence of its
President, Miss Catherine Dodd. It sprang to life in
1895 with Miss Dodd in the Presidential Chair, and
Miss E. C. Wilson, M.A., and Miss A. M. Cooke,
M.A., as Vice-Presidents, and by 1906 its membership
had grown to 250. In the previous year its President
had left the University, which had also lost the services
of Miss Edith Wilson, for long the Women's Tutor.
And as in 1906 the University Education Society pre-
viously mentioned was on the point of formation, for
both men and women students, membership of the
"Catherine Wheel" was limited to those women who
had entered the Training College not later than 1905, in
order to prevent the overlapping of work undertaken by
members of the various Societies. Since 1906 therefore
it has remained static, exercising only social functions
among its members : but it is not unlikely that as the
outcome of the work of this celebration an enlarged
Society embracing all women members, past and
present, of the Department of Education may be formed
for social purposes.
The success of any institution whose activities are
employed in preparing men and women for an active
career in life may be estimated in many ways according
to the point of view of the appraiser. Judged from the
HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 71
standpoint of material development the previous pages
will have been written in vain if they have not made it
clear that the success of the Department of Education
has been great and rapid. In the brief space of 21 years
the institution, begun with a roll of 25 and a staff of one,
or to take men and women's classes together, with a
commencing roll of 33 and a staff of two, has become
a University Department receiving 300 students,
containing four separate branches, headed by two
University Professors, aided by a staff of 22, with
Demonstration Schools fully equipped and staffed for
the exclusive use of its students, the child of 1890 has
grown to a more than respectable stature in reaching
manhood's state in 1911. Success is writ large also
over the record of the class successes of its alumni,
and over that of their performance in the professional
field when under-graduate days are past. And those of
us who were concerned in the modest beginnings may
well feel a throb of pride and gratification at the great
matter that little fire kindled.
But there is a success which is not to be estimated in
numbers or honours, whether of the University or the
profession. The history of that success is unwritten
and unwritable. It is recorded in the silent influences
which the individual efforts that have gone to form a
corporate collegiate existence have exerted on all who
have at any time shared in its life. These can only be
felt, experienced : their truth has become part and parcel
of the mind and character stuff of the students to whom
they are at once an abiding memory and a guiding
stimulus. Their external evidences, which yield no
statistics, are rather to be found in an attitude towards
life, a bracing of endeavour, a turning of the mind
towards fine thinking, a touching of the whole character
to finer issues than in any roll of honours or rewards,
pleasant though it be to read of these.
And it is just because I know that this finer success
has also been achieved that I feel it a proud privilege
to have played a modest part in fashioning the activities
72 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
on which so imposing a superstructure has been raised,
and to have been allowed to place on record this
summary account of the growth of the institution whose
birth I witnessed in 1890, and whose glowing majority
I help in celebrating to-day. It remains only to thank
for valuable assistance rendered in this compilation,
Professor Findlay, Dr. Mark, the Registrar and Bursar
of the University, Mr. J. Lord, Miss L. E. Start, and
Dr. P. Sandiford.
W. T. GOODE.
Publications by Members (Staff and Students) of the
Department of Education.
Bateson, T. Article on Defoe : English Historical Review. Article on
Bolingbroke : English Historical Review. Reviews in the same
periodical. Article on the Teaching of History in the Owens Col-
lege Volume of Historical Essays.
Bowtell, T. H. An Experiment in History Teaching : The School
World; Sept., 1910.
Bunting, S. J. (with Foxcroft). An Elementary Course in Practical
Science : London, 1909.
Carroll, W. Exercises in Time and Tune for Training College use :
London, 1900. One Hundred and Fifty Melodies for Training
College use : London, 1900. The Study of Music; A Lecture :
Manchester, 1904. The Teaching of Music; A Lecture : Manchester,
1906. The Training of Music Teachers; A Lecture: Derby, 1907.
First Lessons in Bach (Pianoforte) ; Two Books : London, 1908.
Notes on Musical Form : London, 1909, and various musical com-
positions (including the College Song Floreat Victoria).
Coignou Caroline. Report on American Education : Written for the
Board of Education, 1903. Catholic Evening Schools and Clubs in
Manchester : in Sadler's Continuation Schools in England and
Elsewhere : 1907.
Dewsnup, E. B. American Railway Organisation and Working; A
series of lectures : London, 1906. The Housing Problem in England;
Its Statistics, Legislation and Policy : Manchester, 1907.
Dodd, Catherine I. Series of Reading Books : 1893-4. Introduction to
Herbartian Principles of Teaching : London, 1897. Nature Studies
and Fairy Tales; Vol. I : London, 1902. The Child and the Curri-
culum : London, 1906. Nature Studies and Fairy Tales; Vol. II :
London, 1907. The Vagrant Englishwoman : London, 1905. The
School Journey in Germany; Special reports on Educational Sub-
jects : Vol. I, Ed. M. E. Sadler. Hungarian Education; Special
reports on Educational Subjects: Vol. VIII, Ed. M. E. Sadler.
Chapters on Girls' Education and The Primary School and its
Teacher : in the Nation's Need : Ed. Spencer Wilkinson, London.
Lehrer und Lehreninnenbildungsanstalten in Verbindung mit den
74 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS
Universitdten; VII Seminarheft : Jena, 1897. School Journeys :
The National Review : Nov., 1897. A Study of School Children :
The National Review : Sept., 1898. Town and Country Children :
The National Review : Dec., 1898. A Study of Twin Boys : The
National Review : June, 1899. School Children's Ideals : The
National Review : Feb., 1900. A Comparison of German and English
School Children : The National Review : Dec., 1900. Ideals of the
American Schoolgirl : The National Review : June, 1901. A School
Journey in Derbyshire : The National Review : Aug., 1902. Educa-
tional Value of Fairy Tales : The National Review : Oct., 1902. A
University Holiday Course: The National Review: Jan., 1903.
Some Aspects of Children's Books : The National Review : Jan.,
1905. A German University: The Cornhill : Jan., 1908. Various
Educational papers in the Morning Post, the Journal of Education,
the Practical Teacher, and other papers in England and Germany.
Dodge, Eva. The Teaching of History in Girls' Schools in North and
Central Germany; Educational Series, No. Ill, Manchester Univer-
sity Press, 1908.
Findlay, J. J. I. In book form : Teaching as a Career for University
Men : London, 1889. Prdparationen in der englische Sprache nach
einer direkten Methode : Marburg, 1893. Zur Entwickelung des
hoheren Schulwesen's Englands (Doktor Dissertation) : Leipzig, 1894
(auch in d. Zeitschrift fur Phil, und Padagogik, 1893). Arnold of
Rugby : Cambridge, 1897. Laudate, a Hymn and Tune Book for
Day Schools : London, 1900, and subsequently. Laudate, words
only : London, 1901, and subsequently. Principles of Class Teach-
ing : London, 1902 1908. The Nation's Need, ed. Spencer Wilkin-
son; Three Articles: London, 1903. Reynold's Discourses on Art:
Ed. London, 1906. Dewey's The School and the Child : Edited,
London, 1906. Dewey's "Educational Essays" : Edited London, 1910.
II. Reports and Articles (a selection) : (a) Study of Education :
Registration and Training of Teachers in Germany; Demonstration
Schools, etc. : Journal of Education; June 1887; Dec. 1892; Feb.,
Nov., 1893. Report to Royal Commission on Secondary Education :
Vol. V., 1895; Education, Oct. 3, 10, 17, 24, 1896; Vol. II. of
Board of Education : Special Inquiries and Reports, 1898 ; University
Review, April, 1906 ; Contemporary Review, July, 1906. British
Association Reports : York, 1906, and Dublin (with Dr. Sandiford),
1908; Training College Record, No. I, 1908; Educational Times,
April, 1910. (&') Education in America : Report to Royal Commission :
Vol. VI, 1898; Journal of Education, Oct., 1909; School Review
(Chicago, U.S.A.), Jan., 1910. (c) Problem in Child Development:
Report on Conference on School Hygiene ; The Training of Scholars,
London, April, 1905 ; Moral Ideas : Educational Times, May, 1907
(reprinted in Sadler's Moral Instruction, Vol. I) ; Theology : Hibbert
EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 75
Journal, July, 1907; Methods in Child Study (Presidential Address),
July, 1909. (d) Foundations for Educational Science : Journal of
Education, Sept., 1896; Educational Times, Oct., 1897; School
World, May, 1905. (e) Religion and the Schools : Educational Review
(New York, Feb., 1907 (reprinted from the Westminster Gazette) ;
London Quarterly Review, Jan., 1908; Albany Review, April, 1908.
(/) Commercial Education : Report to Sheffield Chamber of Com-
merce, Nov., 1891 ; Contemporary Review, Sept., 1899.
(g) Social Aspects of School Life : Report of an Inquiry (Secon-
dary Schools), Findlay, with Shipman, Holland, etc. : Educational
Times, Jan., 1899. Civics and Patriotism : Educational Times,
1900. Parents : School World, Jan., 1900 ; International Journal of
Ethics, Oct., 1907; Friends' Quarterly Examiner, April, 1909.
Military Training in Secondary Schools : Journal of Education,
July, 1900 (reprinted in Canadian Education Monthly, Oct., 1900).
Corporate Life in Schools: School Review (Chicago), Dec., 1907;
Nov., 1908. (h) Herbartian Pedagogy : Journal of Education, Feb.,
March, 1902; School and College (Boston, U.S.A.), Oct. and Nov.,
1892. Das Studium der Herbartischen Padagogik in England (Rein's
VII Heft) : Langensalza, 1897. (i) Modern Language Teaching :
Der Lehrer im Auslande (Die Neuere Sprachen, No. 1), Marburg,
1893; Educational Review (New York), April, 1893, and Oct., 1894.
An Experiment (with Kirkman and Twentyman) : Journal of
Education, Oct., Nov., Dec., 1896. British Association Report,
York, 1906. (7) Elementary Mathematics: Educational Times, April,
Goode, W. T. Educational Discussions, Leaders, Reviews, Reports of
Educational Travel and Inquiry in France, Spain, Italy, Sicily,
Finland and America, in Schoolmaster, Practical Teacher, English
Review, French and American Journals continuously from 1899
Hallsworth, H. M. (with Prof. Chapman). Unemployment in Lanca-
shire : Manchester, 1909.
Hindshaw, Winifred. A Class Experiment on Attention : Training
College Record : London, 1910. Infant Schools (Joint Author with
David Salmon) : Swansea, 1904.
Holland, R. W. Commercial Law : London, 1907. Banking Law :
London, 1908. New Concrete Algebra: London, 1907. Series of
Articles on Law of Contract : Commercial Teachers' Magazine :
Jan., 1910 March, 1910.
Hollingsworth, W. Algebra for Beginners', Parts II. and III : London,
Howden, S. P. Practical Exercises tto Magnetism and Electricity :
Manchester, 1904. Practical Mechanics and Physics for Evening
76 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS
Schools : Manchester, 1907. Six Addresses to Teachers on the
Teaching of Elementary Science : Manchester, 1907.
Jones, Arthur. Gruffydd Ap Cynan : Manchester University Press,
Kandel, I. Leon. The Training of Elementary Teachers in Germany :
Teachers' College, New York, 1910. Contributed many articles to
Monroe's Cyclopcedia of Education, Journal of Education, School,
and University Review.
Keighley, T. Part Sons, Sacred and Secular : Novello and other pub-
lishers, London, from 1904.
Lapage, C. P. Feeblemindedness in Children : Medical Chronicle,
xlii, 251-2-3, 1905. Feeblemindedness in Children of School Age :
Manchester Univ. Press, 1910.
Mark, H. T. Outline of History of Educational Theories in England :
London, 1899. Sound and Sight Method (French) (Joint Author) :
London, 1900. Individuality and the Moral Aim in American
Education : London, 1901. Special Reports on Educational Sub-
jects Vol. X. Moral Education in American Schools ; Vol. XI.
Education and Industry in the United States : London, 1902. The
Teacher and the Child : London, 1902. Elementary Science and
Nature Study : Manchestter, 1903. The New Movement in Educa-
tion : London, 1904. The Unfolding of Personality as the Chief
Aim of Education : London, 1910. The Child's Congenial Quali-
fications for Right Behaviour : Report of Moral Education Congress,
1909. Child Study : Some Methods and Results : Contributed to
the Brussels Conference on Home Education, 1910. The Education
of the Anglo-Saxon : Educational Review (London), Feb., March,
April, 1899. The American and English Public Elementary School :
Educational Review (New York), March, 1902. L'Education
Morale dans les ecoles Americaines : La Revue, Feb., 1903. Courses
on the Helpfulness of Logic in Teaching : and on Ethics and
Education: The Teachers' Times.' Courses on Education : The
Applications of Psychology to Teaching : an Introduction to Philo-
sophy : National Home-Reading Union, Specal Courses Magazine.
Social Science Teaching : N.H.R.U., General Courses Magazine.
Marshall, F. W. D. (with P. Sandiford). Science Teaching in the
Fielden Schools : Findlay's F.D.S. Record I., Manchester, 1907.
Ormrod, H. Nora. The Humanities for Children of Eight to Nine
Years A plan of work adopted in the Fielden Demonstration
Schools, Manchester : Journal of Education, 2nd April, 1910.
Owen Grace. An English Student's Impressions of American Kinder-
gartens : Child Life, April, 1900. The Training of Kindergarten
Teachers in the United States : Child Life. A Study of the Original
Kindergarten : The Elementary School Teacher (Chicago), Dec.,.
1906. Handwork in History Teaching (with Dora Walford and
EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 77
M. E. Sadler) (see under Walford). The Handwork of the Infants'
and Junior Schools : Educational Handwork, Sept., Dec., 1909.
Recent Reforms in the Education of Young Children : In the hands
of the Editors of Child-Study, Feb., March, 1910.
Partington, J. B. Higher Mathematics for Chemical Students : London,
1910 (in the press).
Bees, Caleb. Education in relation to the Nation, the Child, the
Teacher and the Administrator : (Welsh) Newport, Mon., 1908.
The House System in Junior Schools : a Discussion and an Experi-
ment : School World, Nov., 1908.
Bobson, E. S. A. Practical Exercises in Heat : London, 1902.
Report of a visit to American Educational Institutions : Manchester,
1905. The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat : Proceedings of the
Warrington Literary and Philosophical Society, 1910.
Sadler, M. E., Editor of Board of Education Special Reports on
Educational Subjects : London, 1896-1903; Contributed many articles.
University Extension, Past, Present and Future : London, 1891
(with H. J. Mackinder). The Leaving Examination as conducted
in the Secondary Schools of Prussia : Beport of Boyal Commission
on Secondary Education, Vol. V, 1895. Articles on the History and
Present Organisation of English Education; for M. Buisson's
Dictionnaire de Pedagogic, 2nd ed. Article on the History of
English Education to 1870; for Prof. Bein's Encyklopddisches
Handbuch der Padagogik. National Educational and Social Ideals
Edited by B. D. Boberts, 1901. A University for Bristol : Address
to the Merchant Venturers' Technical College, Bristol, Dec. 20th,
1906. Address to the Education Science Section of the British
Association : York, 1906. Should Attendance at Continuation
Schools be made compulsory in England? Address to the North-
Western Section of the Co-operative Educational Committees'
Association : Manchester, 1907. John Ruskin's Plan for National
Education : Address under the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust, 1907.
The Care of the Church for her Members between the Ages of
14. and 21 : Paper read at the Church Congress, Manchester, 1908.
Organisations for Adult Education : Their Service to English
National Life : Address to the Lancashire and Cheshire Union
of Institutes, Bootle, 1908. The Present Trend of Educational
Thought in England : Presidential Address to the Fulham Educa-
tional Council, Oct. 25, 1909. Broad Lines in Science Teaching :
(Introduction to),- Ed. Hodson : London, 1909. Teachers and the
Religious Lesson : Presidential Address to the Teachers' Guild, 1909.
The Relation of Elementary Schools to Technical Schools, Day
and Evening : Paper read at the North of England Education
Conference, Leeds, Jan., 1910. The Increase of the Powers of the
State and of the Local Authorities in English Education, 1850-1910 :
78 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS
Report presented to the International Congress on Administrative
Sciences, Brussels, 1910. Continuation Schools in England and
Elsewhere : Their Place in the Educational System of an Industrial
and Commercial State : To this work, which was the outcome of an
inquiry made by members of the Department of Education in the
University of Manchester, Prof. Sadler (the editor) contributed
the Introduction, Chapter I (Historical Review), Chapter II
(Present Position of State-aided Schools and Classes in England and
Wales), Chapter XVI (The Organisation of Continuation Schools in
Scotland), Chapter XXIII (The Trend towards Industrial Training
in Continuation Schools in New England), Chapter XVIII (Com-
pulsory Attendance at Continuation Schools in Germany), and
Chapter XXV (Should Attendance at Continuation Schools be made
Compulsory in England?), and was the joint writer of Chapters VI
and XIV. Moral Instruction and Training in Schools, Report of
an International Inquiry : Two volumes, which were published
under his editorship : Prof. Sadler contributed the Introduction.
Report on Secondary and Higher Education in Sheffield : London,
1903. Report on Secondary Education in Liverpool : London, 1904.
Report on Secondary and Technical Education in Huddersfield :
London, 1904. Report on Secondary Education in Birkenhead :
London, 1904. Report on Secondary and Higher Education in
Hampshire : Education Office, The Castle, Winchester, 1904. Report
on Secondary and Higher Education in Exeter, 1904 : Town Clerk's
Office, Exeter. Report on Secondary and Higher Education in
Derbyshire : Derby, 1904. Report on Secondary and Higher Educa-
tion in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1904. Report on Secondary and
Higher Education in Essex : County Education Office, Chelmsford,
1905. Impressions of American Education : Address to the Annual
Congress of the Educational Institute : Glasgow, 1902. Individuality
in Education and the Claims of the State : Paper read at a Confer-
ence of the Froebel Society and the British Child Study Association,
Jan., 1903. On the Value of Private Schools in a National System of
Education : Paper read at the Conference of the Private Schools
Association, 1903. The School in Some of its Relations to Social
Organisation and to National Life : Paper read to the Sociological
Society, 1904. Handwork in History Teaching : June, 1908. The
Signficance of Industrial Missions : Jan., 1909. The International
Congress on Moral Education : Jan., 1909. The Two-Mindedness
of England : April, 1910. Education in England : Monthly reviews
of educational events and opinion in England, July 1903 to date.
And many other publications.
Sandiford, P. The Training of Teachers in England and Wales :
Teachers' College, Columbia University, New York, 1910.
Compulsory Continuation Schools : University Review, April, 1907.
EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 79
The Half-time System in the Textile Trades : Sadler's Continuation
Schools : Manchester, 1907. Instruction in Science (with F. W. D.
Marshall) : in Findlay's Fielden Demonstration School Record, I :
Manchester, 1908. The Scientific Study of Education (with Prof.
Findlay) : British Association Report (Dublin), 1908. The Dangers
of Vocational Education : University Review, April, 1909. Report
of the Consultative Committee on Attendance at Continuation
Schools : Educational Review (American), Oct., 1909. Review of
Judd's Doctrine of Attitudes : Journal of Educational Psychology,
I, Feb., 1910.
Schulze, D. G. Athletics in the Schools and Universities of England :
Munroe's Cyclopcedia of Education.
Smith, Frank. Genius and the School : Schoolmaster, Oct., 1909. French
Holidays for English Boys : School World, Nov., 1910. The Plea
of Youth : Teachers' Aid. Scouts : Manchester Guardian, July,
1909. Etretat : Schoolmaster, July, 1910.
Start, Laura. The Children's Work-Box (12 articles on handwork and
coarse sewing for children) : Needlecraft Monthly Magazine, May,
1907. Monthly Needlework Lesson (Continuous series) : Needle-
craft Monthly Magazine, May, 1908, to the present date.
Stockton, C. E. Elementary German Course : Modern Language
Teaching, 1906. Continuation School System of Munich : Continua-
tion Schools in England and Elsewhere, Ed. M. E. Sadler, 1908.
The First Year's Course in French : Demonstration Schools Record,
I, Ed. J. J. Findlay : Manchester, 1908.
Sumner, E. J. Scenes from the Alchemists, in The Practical Teacher
Timpany, H. M. The Arithmetic of Physics and Chemistry : London,
1903. Inorganic Qualitative Analysis : Edinburgh, 1904. The
Bleaching and Sulphiding of Silver Bromide Papers : The British
Journal of Photography, 21st Feb., 1908; and many other papers of
Walford, Dora (with Grace Owen and M. E. Sadler). Handwork in
History Teaching : Demonstration Schools Record, Chapter VII :
Manchester University Press, 1908.
Williamson, R. T. School Hygiene (pamphlet) : Manchester, 1904. The
Home Life of School Children in relation to Education and Health :
Manchester, 1906. Healthy Home-Life of School Children : Notes
for Parents and Guardians : llth edition, by Prof. Dr. L. Burger-
stein (Vienna) : Manchester, 1909. The Type in School Books and
College Text Books : The Lancet : London, 13th Oct., 1906. The
Health of School Teachers : The Medical Chronicle : Manchester,
Feb., 1909. The Medical Examination of School Teachers; Article
in book entitled Medical Examination of School and Scholars, Ed.
by Dr. T. N. Kelynack : London, 1910. The Examination of the
8o EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS
Physical Capacity of Candidates for the Teaching Profession :
Rapports, I, I lie Congres international d'hygiene scolaire : Paris,
1910. The First International Congress on School Hygiene (Nurn-
berg), 1904 : Medical Chronicle : Manchester, June, 1904. The
Third International Congress on School Hygiene, Paris, 1910 :
Medical Chronicle : Manchester, Oct., 1910.
Withers, H. L., the late. The Teaching of History, and other Papers
(Collected and Edited by J. H. Fowler) : Manchester, 1904. This
volume includes the literary work of Professor Withers, and also a
biography, with interesting references to his work in the Day
NOTE. The above lists are of necessity incomplete. The Education
Department of Manchester University will be greatly obliged if past
students will send to the Department particulars of books, monographs
or articles written by them, as they appear.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS ENTERED IN
THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
SINCE ITS FOUNDATION IN 1890.*
ABBOT, DOROTHY, 13 Hawthorn Grove, Heaton Moor, near Stockport.
ADAM, ALEXANDER, A.M. St. Paul's School, Withington, Manchester.
ADAMS, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Seamen's Moss Endowed School,
ADAMS, VIOLET DENISE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Languages, 1905 ;
M.A., 1907; A.M. Bury High School for Girls; Derbyshire C.C.
Major Scholarship, 1902; Dora Muir Entrance Exhibitioner, 1902;
Gilchrist Student, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
ADAMSON, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; 157 Rochdale Road,
ADAMSON, GEORGE, 127 Turton Street, Bolton.
AINSCOUGH, CLARA JANE, B.A., 1910; Sunnyside, Derby Street, Bolton.
AITKEN, GLADYS H. E., 55 Wellington Street East, Higher Broughton,
ALDRED, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Wem Grammar
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
ALDRED, Mrs. HAROLD; see Webster, Lily.
ALLCOCK, Mrs. W. B., Sunnyside Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa;
see Jones, Alice Maud.
ALLCOTT, ARNOLD, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Chippenham.
ALMOND, MAUDE, 151 Bolton New Road, Atherton.
ALTHAM, JOSIAH GOODACRE, B.A., 3rd class History, 1904; M.A., 1906;
A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Salford, 1907; Shuttleworth
ANDERSON, JESSE, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School,
Whalley Range, Manchester.
ANDERSON, SELINA, B.A., 1909; 61 Standishgate, Wigan.
ARMITSTEAD, HENRY M., B.Sc., 1900; Lecturer in Physics, Presidency
College, Calcutta, 1906; Demonstrator, School of Science,
ARNFIELD, WILLIAM, B.A., 1909; A.M. Cheadle Heath Council School,
* Change of Address, Corrections and additional information will be
welcomed by the Secretaries of the two Training Students' Societies.
It will be helpful if the information is also sent to the clerk of the
Education Department, University of Manchester.
82 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
ASCROFT, FLORENCE S., 521 Rose Hill, Pemberton, Wigan.
ASHCROFT, MARGARET, 296 Woodhouse Lane, Wigan ; Wigan Scholarship.
ASHTON, MARTHA, B.A., 2nd class History, 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M.
Secondary School, Blackpool, 1910; 1st class Teachers' Diploma;
Shuttleworth History Exhibition, 1908.
ASHWORTH, ALAN H., Inter.B.Sc., 1895; Hd.M. Higher Broughton
Council School, Salford; Secretary Salford Head Teachers' Associa-
ASHWORTH, MAGGIE, 7 Colley Street, Heybrook, Rochdale.
ASTBURY, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1904; M.Sc., 1907; Chemist, Messrs.
Armstrong, Whitworth and Co., Manchester; A.M. Hawarden
County School, 1904-6.
ATHERSMITH, ALBERT E., A.M. Dale Street, Council School, Ulverston.
ATHERTON, CLARA, 461 Atherton Road, Hindley Green.
ATHERTON, JAMES, 259 Deane Road, Boldon
ATKINSON, MURIEL, 4 Westwbod Street, Moss Lane East, Manchester.
ATKINSON, ROBERTA, B.A., 1900; Assistant Inspector to Manchester
Education Committee, Deansgate, Manchester.
ATKINSON, SAMUEL GREENUP, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906;
A.M. Grammar School, Fowey, Cornwall.
AUTY, PATTIE EASTHAM, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. Salford
Municipal Secondary School for Girls.
AYDON, MATILDA, 1073 Chester Road, Stretford, Manchester.
BACKHOUSE, THOMAS, B.A., 1908; St. Mark's, Newton, Manchester.
BAGSHAW, EDITH MARY, B.A., 1897; Lecturer Bolton Day Training
BAGSHAW, LILIAN JANE, (now Mrs. Morris), B.A., 1901; " Forestdene,"
Corder Road, Ipswich.
BAGULEY, MARY, 17 Leven Terrace, Fairfield.
BAILEY, CHARLES JAMES, 63 Knowsley Road, Smithills, Bolton.
BAILEY, ETHEL, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Guernsey Ladies' School;
Manchester Education Committee Scholarship, 1906.
BAILEY, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1894; M.Sc., 1898; A.M. Westoe Road
Secondary School, South Shields, 1898; First University Examina-
tion (R.U.I.), 1906.
BAINBRIDGE, Mrs., 387 Manchester Road, Hollinwood; see Middleton,
BALDWIN, JOHN MCLEAN, M.Sc., 3rd class Physics, 1904; A.M. Taunton
Trade School, Southampton, 1904.
BALSHAW, WALTER, 571, Chorley Old Road, Bolton.
BAMBER, EDITH, 414 Didsbury Road, Heaton Mersey.
BANCROFT, ALF. ERNEST, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Higher Grade Public School,
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 83
BANKS, MARGARET W., 63 Nirian Road, Cardiff; Queenswood, Clapham
Park, School Scholarship.
BANN, EMILY G., Rose Cottage, Adlington, Manchester.
BARBER, JAMES, 84 Oldham Road, Waterloo, Ashton-under-Lyne.
BARBER, MABEL MARY, B.A., 3rd class History, 1908; M.A., 1909;
Elmwood, Whaley Bridge; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
BARKELL, LILIAN N., B.A. (Sheffield) ; 2 Broomfield Road, Heaton Moor,
BARKER, ADELINE, 14 Falcon Villa, Cheetham Hill, Manchester.
BARKER, FLORENCE ANNIE, B.A., 1904; 79 Rodenhurst Road, Clapham
Park, London, S.W. ; Rochdale Secondary School and P.T. Centre,
1907-09; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
BARKER, ROBERT B., 29 Langshaw Street, Blackburn; Hulme Entrance
Scholarship; Bradford Scholarship; Shuttleworth Exhibitioner.
BARKER, WM. BOULTON, Inter. B.Sc., 1904; Optologist, 15 King Street,
BARLOW, GERTRUDE EMILY, B.A., 1900; A.M. Municipal Secondary
BARNES, FREDERICK R., 4 Denstone Road, Pendleton.
BARNES, GRACE, B.A., 1908; Woodleigh Bank, Waterfoot; Diploma, 1910.
BARON, WILLIAM, B.A., 1908; A.M. Cockburn High School, Leeds.
BARROW, ERNEST ISAAC, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. County Secondary School,
BARROW, JAMES H., Inter. B. A., 1898 ; Coal Clough County School,
BARTON, MARION, B.A., 1903; Delamere, Stepping Hill, Stockport;
A.M. Stockport Pupil Teachers' Centre.
BARTON, THOMAS, A.M. St. John's School, Pemberton, Wigan.
BATESON, HARTLEY, 7 Stanley Road, Waterloo, Liverpool.
BATESON, THOMAS, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1894; M.A., 1897;
Director of Education, Waterloo, Liverpool ; Seaton Entrance
Scholarship, 1890; Hulme Entrance Scholarship, 1890; Bradford
History Scholarship, 1892 ; University Scholarship in History, 1894 ;
John Bright Scholarship, 1895; Teachers' Diploma, 1897.
BATLEY, WARD ALLEN, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1909; Lecturer, Lancashire
and Cheshire Band of Hope Union, Onward Buildings, Deansgate,
Manchester; A.M. Maryborough Road Council School, Salford, 1907.
BEATON, HENRY ALBERT, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; Taunton School,
BEDFORD, MABEL ESTELLA, Elm Dean, Huddersfield Road, Halifax.
BEDSON, MURIEL ALICE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 1908 ;
M.A., 1909; 137 Lapwing Lane, Didsbury; A.M. Manchester High
School for Girls, 1909-10; Walters Scholarship, 1906; Teachers'
BECK, LOUISA, 12 Cleveland Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester.
84 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
BEECROFT, JENNIE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Queen Mary's High School, Walsall,
since 1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
BEELEY, ANNIE HOWARD, B.A., 1908; Holly Cottage, Heaton Norris;
Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
BEGG, WILLIAM, in the Coal business, Edinburgh.
BELL, ALBERT H., B.Sc., 1902; Sherwen House, Dearham, Cumberland;
Demonstrator, Royal College of Science, London, 1904; Lecturer in
Physics, Science and Art Institute, Walsall, 1905; Harling Scholar
BELL, JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. High School, Middlesborough ; D.T.C.
Exhibitioner; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner.
BELL, JOHN MURRAY, B.A. (Oxford) ; A.M. Merchiston School, Edin-
burgh; Teachers' Diploma, 1910; Withers Prize.
BELL, MINNIE JOSEPHINE, M.A., 1909; 55 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M. ;
Manchester Education Committee Scholarship, 1905 ; Gilchrist
Modern Language Studentship, 1909 ; Graduate Scholarship Modern
Languages, 1908; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
BELL, NEVILLE S., Inter. B.Sc., 1893; A.M. Southern Higher Grade
BELLAMY, ERNEST A., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St. Annes County School, Sale.
BELT, GERTRUDE A., 47 Walmer Street, Rusholme, Manchester.
BBNGRY, PERCY HAROLD, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1909; A.M. County Inter.
School, Torwyn, Merioneth, North Wales, 1906.
BENNETT, HAROLD, B.A., 1907; A.M. Ashton Old Road Municipal School,
BENNETT, WALTER, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Taunton's School,
BENSON, HANNAH, 13 Bates Street, Manchester, S.E. ; Bleackley Scholar-
BENSON, MARY, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School,
Whalley Range, Manchester.
BENT, NANCY HOWARTH, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 6 Marsden Street,
BERRY, ANNIE, 113 Hodges Street, Wigan.
BEST, RACHEL, B.A., 1897; A.M. Leek High School.
BEVAN, ELLEN MAY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Botany, 1910; 32 Nanson
Street, Scarborough; North Riding of Yorkshire C.C. Scholarship,
BEVERLEY, WALTER, 45 Mulberry Street, Hulme, Manchester; Dalton
Mathematical Scholarship, 1910.
BINNS, ALFRED, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Eversley School,
BIHKBY, JOHN GAY, B.A., 1898; M. A., 1904; L.C.P.; A.M. Municipal
Secondary School, Manchester, 1904.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 85
BIRKBY, LUCY ELEANOR, Hd.M. Webster Street Municipal School,
Infants' Department, Manchester.
BIBKBY, MARY J., "Leslie," Longley Road, Worsley.
BIRNAGE, GEORGE ALFRED, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. County School, Connaught
Road, Leytonstone, N.E.
BISHOP, WILLIAM B., 36 Welb Street, Horwich.
BLACK, JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central School,
BLACKSHAW, ROWLAND, 6 Queen's P. R. Terrace, Blackburn.
BLAIN, JOHN, Inter. B.Sc. ; died 1903.
BLAKE, C. E. BRIDGETT, 1st class Final Hons. School English Language
and Literature (Oxford) ; Yeabridge, S. Petherton, Somerset.
BLEAKLEY, JOHN ALLEN, B.Sc. (Camb.) ; Hyrstlea, Whitefield, Lanes. ;
Lancashire C.C. Scholarship, 1904; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
BLOY, MARION EDNA, B.A., 1908; 650 Atherton Road, Hindley Green,
BOAG, ELSIE R., 25 Wilfred Street, Derby; Local Bursary.
BOARDMAN, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1896; F.C.S. ; A.M. Central Secondary
School, Bolton, 1897.
BOCK, CHARLOTTE M. V., 2nd class Mediaeval and Modern Languages
Tripos (Camb.) ; Lark Hill, Bowdon, Cheshire.
BODDINGTON, JAMES E., 81 Oscar Street, Lightbowne Road, Moston.
BONNEY, JAMES PATTERSON ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
BOORNE, MARGARET G., 47 Woodchurch Lane, Preston, Birkenhead.
BOOTH, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Higher Elementary School, Sale,
BORLAND, HUGH BECKET, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; A.M. Christ Church
Upper School, Salford.
Boss, ELIZABETH WILSON, B.A., 1898 ; M.A., 1901 ; 434 Moss Lane East,
Manchester; A.M. Salford P.T. Centre and Secondary School
for Girls; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
BOTHAM, ELSIE M., 8 Yarburgh Street, Alexandra Park, Manchester.
BOTTOMLEY, CHRISTINE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Mottram.
BOTTOMLEY, WINIFRED, B.A. (London) ; A.M. Municipal Secondary
School, Salford; Teachers' Diploma, 1902.
BOULTON, HARRY, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1908; M.A., 1909;
A.M. County Secondary School for Boys, Kew Road, Richmond,
S.W. ; Staffordshire C.C. Scholarship, 1905.
BOWKER, ELIZA, B.Sc., 1910; Lyndhurst, Knight Street, Hyde.
BOWMAN, FLOR. R., Final Hons. School of Modern History (Oxford) ;
10 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester.
BOWTELL, LOUISA MINNIE, B.A., 1902; A.M. Plymouth Grove Municipal
School, Girls' Department, Manchester, since 1903.
86 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
BOWTELL, THOMAS HENRY, B.A., 1899; M.A., 1903; 36 Broadgate,
Preston; A.M. Secondary School, Accrington; Teachers' Diploma,
BOYES, SYBIL, 26 Delaunay's Koad, Crumpsall.
BOYLE (Rev.), DAVID H., B.Sc., 1896; B.A. (Camb.), 1904; Tutor and
Chaplain, The College, Chester, 1906; A.M. Roby P.T. Centre,
Manchester, 1898-1901; Assistant, Curate, St. Thomas', Hyde,
BRADSHAW, GEO. ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. West Leeds High School,
BRAMMALL, Mrs.; see Jackson, Mary M.
BRAMWELL, FRED., B.Sc., 1906; A.M., Burgess St. Boys' School,
BRANSON, JNO. C. S., B.Sc., 1904; A. M. King Edward VII. Grammar
School, King's Lynn, 1905.
BRAY, NORA, Jubilee Terrace, Delph, Nr. Oldham.
BREAKELL, ALBERT S., The Poplars, Westhoughton, Bolton.
BREAR, ARTHUR, B.Sc. 1894; A.M. Technical School, Halifax.
BRENTNALL, ELSIE, Hd.M. School for Defectives, Harpurhey.
BRERETON (Rev.), NEVILLE, B.A., 1898; Curate of Fairfield, Liverpool;
A.M. Birley Street Science School Manchester, 1898; Wycliffe Hall,
Oxford, 1903-4 ; Curate, St. Simon and St. Jude, Anfield, Liverpool,
BREWER, GLADYS L., 7 Park Road, East, Birkenhead.
BRIAN, PERCY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc., 1906; A.M. Waverley Road
Secondary School, Birmingham; Lecturer in Nature Study Smeth-
wick Technical School, 1906-7.
BRICKHILL, ARTHUR A. ; A.M. Ross Place Council School, Ardwick,
BRIERLEY, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1893; F.C.S. ; A.M. Municipal Secondary
School, Oldham ; Assistant Lecturer in Chemistry and Physics,
Huddersfield Technical College, 1895-8.
BRIERLEY, WM. B., 35 Amos Street, Church Lane, Moston, Manchester.
BRIGGS, FRANK; A.M. Higher Grade School, Darwen.
BRIGGS, JOHN T., Hd.M. Eastwood Council School, Todmorden.
BRINDLE, FLORENCE ELIZABETH.
BRINDLEY, FLORENCE, 154 Bradford Street, The Hanlegh, Bolton.
BROADBENT, JOHN, B.A., 3rd class Hons. English Literature, 1907;
M.A. 1908; Upper Court Street, Uppermill, near Oldham; Englisches
Seminar, Universitat, Innsbruck, Austria; English Teacher at
BRODIE, ELIZABETH JANET, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; Lecturer, Havergal
College, Toronto, Canada; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
BROMLEY, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; Lecturer,
Rutherford College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1909; Professeur Assistant
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 87
d' Anglais, Ecole de Commerce, Marseilles, 1907; Truro College,
BROOKS, ELIZABETH, Croft House, Barnoldswick, Colne.
BROOKS, SELINA, B.A., 1910; 8 Orange Hill Road, Heaton Park, Man-
BROOME, JAMES SPEARS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. in Chemistry, 1904;
M.Sc., 1907, F.C.S. ; Science Master, Salford Municipal Secondary
School, and Lecturer in Chemistry in Radcliffe Technical School;
Herbert Birley Memorial Scholarship ; Mercer Scholar in Chemistry,
BROWN, CATHERINE (now Mrs. Morley), 20, Premier Road, Nottingham ;
Teacher of Needlework, Owens College, Manchester, 1899-1902.
BROWN, FLORENCE MARGARET, B.Sc., 1905; 7 Alexandra Grove,
Plymouth Grove, Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
BROWN, JOHN THOMAS, Hd.M. National School, Tottington, Bury.
BROWN, MARGARET MARY, 4 Upper Chorlton Road, Brooks's Bar, Man-
chester; Science School of Catholic Women's League.
BROWN, MARIA C., Ill Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
BROWN, MARION, Trenton Villa, James Street, Stoke-on-Trent.
BROWN, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Montgomery Street School, Bir-
BROWN, THOMAS, Inter. B. A. (R.U.I.) ; A.M. Mansfield Street School,
BROWN, TOM, B.Sc., 2nd class, 1910; 597 Stockport Road, Longsight.
BUCKLEY, WILLIAM H., St. Mark's Road, Preston.
BULLOUGH, ALICE, B.A., 1907; Assistant, Royal Latin School, Bucking-
BULLOUGH, FLORENCE, B.A., 1899; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
BULLOUGH, JOSEPH, B.A., 1910; A.M. Buccleuch School, Hawick.
BULLOUGH, LOUISA, B.A., 1903; Sandfield, Hkidley.
BUNTING, SAMUEL, J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Higher Elementary School,
New Brighton, Cheshire.
BURKE, LAURA, M.A. ; R.U.I.; 9 Mountjoy Place, Dublin; Teachers'
Diploma, 1907; Wither's Prize.
BURRELL, HARRY T., A.M. Municipal School, Elysian Street, Higher
BURRELL, WILKINSON WILLIAM, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Chemistry, 1909;
A.M. Lymm Grammar School; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
BURROW, ALICE;, 98 Moss Lane West, Moss Side, Manchester.
BURTON, JOHN REGINALD, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. St. Margaret's Central
School, Whalley Range, Manchester.
BURTON, MARGUERITE R, B.A., 1899; Hd.M. P.T. Centre, Bootle.
88 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
BURY, FRANK WARD, B.Sc., 1909; A,M. Secondary School, Hebden
BURY, JAMES A., 22 Ashber Street, Bolton; Royal Masonic School
BURY, MABEL, 55 Park Road, Monton.
BUTTERFIELD, EDITH M., Market Street, Darwen.
BUTTERWORTH, DORA, 246 Agnes Road, Old Trafford.
BUTTERWORTH, HARwooD, B.Sc., 1907; 17 Denham Road, Sheffield.
BUTTERWORTH, STEPHEN, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1907; M.Sc.,
1908 ; Demonstrator in Physics, School of Technology, Manchester ;
Heginbottom Scholar, 1905.
BYRNE, ALICE M. P., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1910 ; 24 Wellington
Street, St. John's, Blackburn.
BYRNE, GEORGE T., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; Ribchester
Road, Wilpshire, Blackburn.
CALDECOTE, FLORENCE, 5 Lesie Street, Woodley, Cheshire.
CALEY, CHARLES E., 10 Dal ton Street, Douglas, Isle of Man.
CALLISTER, WM. EDWARD, B.Sc., 1902; F.C.S. ; L.C.P. ; Science Master,
Secondary School, Douglas, Isle of Man, 1904.
CALVERLEY, VERA, Bailey Terrace, Delph, near Oldham.
CAMPBELL, EMMA M., B.A., 1896; 121 Acomb Street, Moss Side, Man-
chester; Assistant Teacher in the Mulberry Street Council School,
CANNAN, KATHLEEN M., Esperanza, Ham Bridge, Newbury, Berks.
CARESWELL, GEORGE M., 76 Upper Brook Street, Manchester.
CARROLL, JOHN B., A.M. Nelson Street School, Miles Platting.
CARTER, CATHERINE, 28 Cavendish Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Man-
CARTWRIGHT, ELSIE, 61 Richmond Grove, Manchester.
CARTWRIGHT, EMILY, B.A., 1907; 49 Plymouth Grove, Manchester.
CASTLE, LEONARD J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Castleford Secondary School,
CATCHPOULE, MABEL J., A.M. Under London C.C.
CATTERALL, ERNEST E., A.M. Abel Street Council School, Burnley.
CATTERALL, JOHN HERBERT, B.A. ; Hd.M. Council School, Cleveleys;
Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
CATTON, ANNIE S., 5 Fleet Street, Bury, Lanes.
CAVILL, CHARLES, A.M. Rothwell Carlton School, Wakefield.
CHADDERTON, ANNA LEIGH (now Mrs. Christopher Davidson), B.A., 1895 ;
M.A., 1900; Rush Hill, Upper Mill, Oldham; Mistress of Method,
Durham College of Science (now Armstrong College), Newcastle-on-
CHADWICK, CAROLINE;, B.A., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School
for Girls, Salford, since 1906.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 89
CHADWICK, EDITH DOROTHY, B.A., 1907; A.M. Southall Street Muni-
cipal School, Cheetham, Manchester.
CHAMBERS, ETHEL, B.A., 1899; A.M. Mauldeth Eoad Municipal School,
CHANDLER, DORA L., 34 Boulevards, Saville Park, Halifax.
CHANDLEY, SILVIA D., B.A., 1901 ; 7 High Field Avenue, Wardle Road,
Sale ; Formerly A.M. at Sale High School for Girls.
CHARLESWORTH, JOHN, B.Sc., 1902; M.Sc., 1908; F.Ph.S.L. ; Lecturerin
Physics, Northern Polytechnic Institute, London, N., 1903; P.T.C.
CHARLTON, EDWIN JOHNSON, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Grammar
School, Beaumaris; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
CHARNLEY, JOSEPH, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Languages, 1907; A.M.
Whitgift Middle School, Croydon; Gilchrist Travelling Student,
1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
CHARNOCK, JAMES, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School,
Whalley Range, Manchester.
CHATER, FRANK, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; 105 Abington Avenue,
CHEETHAM, FREDK. THOMAS, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. The
College, Cleobury Mortimer, Salop; Marlboro' Rd. Council School,
CHESTER, WILLIAM, Nokes Farm, Panfield, nr. Braintree, Essex.
CHESWORTH, NELLIE, 181 Lloyd St., Greenheys, Manchester.
CHISHOLM, ALICE THORNLEY, B.A., 1900; A.M. Mun. Sec. School,
Colne ; Bolton Municipal Secondary School, 1903-8 ; Fielden Demon-
stration School, 1908-9; Teachers' Diploma, 1902.
CHORLTON, NELLIE, (now Mrs. Lance Fallaw), B.Sc., 1898; 198 Talford
St., Rickhampton, Queensland, Australia; Teacher in Bede Higher
Grade Girls' School, Sunderland, 1898-1901.
CLAGUE, NESSIE CATHERINE, B.A., 1905 ; A.M. Queenswood Girls' School,
Clapham Park, London.
CLARK, ADA MARGARET, B.A., 1910; A.M. Marlborough Rd. Council
CLARKE, AMOS, East Ward Council School, Bury.
CLARKE, CATHERINE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Uplands School, St. Leonards-
on-Sea, 1907; A.M. Bootle, Liverpool, 1904-6; Teachers' Diploma,
CLARKE, HEBE, 14 Willow Grove, Marple.
CLARKSON, FRED., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St>. Barnabas' School, Oldham Rd.,
CLARKSON, JESSIE DE(WRANCB, (now Mrs. A. R. Skemp), B.A., 1st class
Hons. Hist., 1904; M.A., 1906; The University, Bristol; A.M.
Manchester High School for Girls, 1907-8 ; Jones History Entrance
90 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
Scholar, 1901; Wither's Prize; Bradford Hist. Prize, 1903 ; Teachers'
CLAYDON, Mrs., 411 Park Rd., Oldham; see Viner, Mary.
CLAYTON, EDITH, B.A., 1904; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton-under-
Lyne; A.M. Harris Institute, Preston, 1904-5.
CLAYTON, JOHN A., 'Oakleigh,' Manchester Rd., Deaiton.
CLAYTON, MARY, B.A., 1st class Hons. Mod. Lang., 1908; M.A., 1909;
A.M. High School for Girls, Dover St., Manchester; 1st class
Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
CLAYTON, NORMAN, B.A., 1909; 81 Manchester Rd., Hapton, nr. Burnley.
CLEGG, FREDC. BRADBURY, B.Sc., 1910; 160 Bury Rd., Rochdale.
CLEGG, SAMUEL, A.M. P.T. Centre, Long Eaton, Derbyshire.
CLEGG, WILLIAM A., 572 St. Helen's Rd., Bolton.
CLEMENTS, SADIE, Ingleside, Holland Rd., Chorlton-cum-Hardy.
CLIFF, FRANCISCO CAROLINE, B.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal Technical
CLIFF, ROSE GERTRUDE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Waterloo Secondary School,
Oldham; A.M. in charge P.T. Centre, Municipal Secondary School,
Nelson, 1904-9 ; see Priestnall, Mrs. J.
CLOUGH, LILIAN MARY, B.A., 1909 ; 44 The Avenue, Leigh.
COCKCROFT, CLEMENT RANDOLF, B.A., 1909; A.M. Boys' Modern School,
COCKS, MABEL ANGELINA, B.A., 1904; Senior Mistress, P.T. Centre,
COHEN, SIMON, 362 Great Cheetham St. E., Manchester ; Dalton Entrance
COIGNOU, CAROLINE, 3rd class Nat. Science Tripos, Cambridge; M.A.,
Dublin ; Education Department, County Hall, Wakefield, West
Riding; Formerly A.M. Manchester High School for Girls ; Inspector
for Secondary Schools to the Board of Education and the University
COLCLOUGH, TOM PEACH, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary
School, Woodhouse, Sheffield ; Ash ford Grammar School, Kent,
1905 ; Hugh Mason Scholarship, 1902 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
COLECLOUGH, H. TUDOR, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Waterloo Rd. Council
School, Cheetham, Manchester, and Evening Lecturer, Royal Tech.
Institute, Sal ford.
COLLINS, CLARA, B.A., 1906 ; A.M. Birley Street Central School, Beswick,
Manchester; A.M. Princess Road Municipal School, Manchester,
COMBES, JAMES G. ; Chalfont Street School, Bolton.
CONNOLLY, ELEN F., 50 Blackthorn Street, Ardwick, Manchester.
COOKE, HERBERT SWIFT, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Seymour Rd. School,
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 91
COOKE, MARTHA E., B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Maths., 1910; Bridge House,
Astley, nr, Manchester.
COOKB, MATTHEW J. H., B.Sc., 1903; Lecturer in Mathematics and
Physics, Technical School, Stockport.
COOKSON, Mrs., Holmeleigh, Wormington Road, Sale; see Mitchell,
COOPER, MARY, B.Litt., Durham; 29 Parsonage Road, Heaton Moor,
Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
CORSON, HILDA, Kenwyn, Harboro' Road, Ashton-on-Mersey ; see Parkes,
COTTRELL, ALLIN, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1907; M.Sc., 1910;
A.M. Technical School, Dewsbury ; Assist. Teacher, Waterloo Senior
COTTRELL, RHODA, B.A., 1st class Geography and Economics; Gatehead
Brow, Delph, nr. Oldham.
COWARD, DOROTHY GLADYS, B.Sc., 2nd class Botany, 1908; M.Sc., 1909;
Resident Tutor; The Oaks, Fallowfield; A.M. Broughton and
Crumpsall High School; Dora Muir Entrance Scholar, 1905.
COWARD, Mrs. H. F., 216 Plymouth Grove, Manchester; see Matthias,
COWARD, KATHERINE HOPE, B.Sc., 2nd class Botany, 1906; M.Sc., 1909;
Science Mistress, Skipton Girls' Grammar School ; Research Study,
COWARD, WINIFRED ETHEL, B.Sc., 1st class Zoology, 1908; M.Sc., 1908;
13 Garden Walk, Ashton-on-Ribble.
COWGILL, MARY E. E., Shirebrook Vicarage, Worksop.
COWLEY, Mrs., Westgate, Orchard Road, Northenden ; see Warrington,
Cox, FRANK, B.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Stockport.
COXSON, ESTHER SHELMERDINE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Stockport Municipal
Secondary School, 1907; A.M. Stockport P.T. Centre, 1904-7.
CRAIG, ELSIE, B.A., 1902; 35 Derby Street, Moss Side, Manchester;
A.M. Stretford Road Secondary School, 1904.
CRAIG, ROBINA Y., B.A., 3rd class Hons. History; 8 Parkfield Street,
Moss Side, Manchester.
CRAVEN, CLARA, B.A., 1906; A.M. County Secondary School, Hyde,
CRAVEN, FREDERICK HAROLD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1908;
M.A., 1909; A.M. Keith Grammar School, Scotland; Teachers'
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM, 4 Garnet Wolsley Street, Pendleton.
CRAWSHAW, KATE, B.A., 1902; Barwood Mount, Ramsbottom; Teachers'
CRAWSHAW, MARGARET, B.A., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
Haslingden; A.M. Lancaster P.T. Centre, 1904-06.
92 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
CRICK, DOUGLAS W., 2 Lawrence Street, Ardwick, Manchester.
CRITCHLEY, FREDERICK, 25 Trafalgar Road, Wigan.
CROFTS, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Pupil Teachers' College, Smethwick,
Birmingham, 1905; A.M. Moseley Road School, Birmingham, 1903-4.
CROSLAND, DOROTHY, The Hawthorns, Bredbury, Cheshire.
CROSLAND, ESTHER, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; The Hawthorns, Bredbury,
Stockport ; Victoria Scholar, 1907.
CROWCROFT, OLIVE MARY, B.Sc., 1910; 35 Buck Road, Cale Green,
CROWE, MILDRED H., A.M. Vine Street Girls' Municipal School, Hulme,
CROWE, NORAH J., 268, Moss Lane East, Moss Side, Manchester.
CUNLIFFE, HELEN, B.A., London; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
Accrington; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
CURTIS, MARGARET, 82 Clarendon Rd., C.-on-M., Manchester; Bradford
and Shuttleworth Scholarships, 1910.
CURZON, JOHN R., 5 Winnington Lane, Northwich, Cheshire.
CURZON, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; Winnington
CUSSONS, MABEL OLIVE, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Pupil Teachers' Centre,
CUTTILL, KATHLEEN, A.M. Leigh St. Council School, Hyde (Senior
GUTTLER, GEORGE F., B.A., 1910 ; West Bank, Hall Lane, Hindley.
DAGUTSKI, HARRY, B.A., Oxford, 1910 ; The University, Manchester.
DANSON, GEORGE, Heaton Bank, New Hall Lane, Preston.
DAUGHTRY, IRENE;, Victoria Church Hostel, 226 Oxford Rd., Manchester.
DAVENPORT, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Hr. Gr. Council School, Pendle-
ton, and Hd.M. and Lecturer in Pure Mathematics, Radcliffe
Technical School (Evening Classes), since 1898.
DAVID, WM. JOHN, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Romilly Road Schools, Barry, S.
Wales; A.M. Hannah Street School, Barry, 1904; Teacher of
Magnetism and Electricity under the Barry Technical Instruction
Committee, since 1906.
DAVIDSON, Mrs. ; see Chadderton, Annie L.
DAVIDSON, MAGGIE, B.A., 1901 ; Senior Mistress, County Secondary
DAVIES, FRANK, Inter. B.Sc.; 11 Mary Street West, Horwich.
DAVIES, MARGARET ELIZ., (now Mrs. Frank Roscoe), B.Sc., 1895; The
University, Birmingham ; Lecturer in the Swansea Training College,
DAVIES, MARION M., 64 St. Bees Street, Moss Side, Manchester.
DAWSON, Mrs., 74 Lansdowne Road, Hr. Crumpsall, Manchester; see
Henshaw, Esther Gertrude.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 93
DAWSON, HARRY, A.M. St. Joseph's School, Gateshead.
DAWSON, JAMES FERGUSON, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Higher Grade School,
Tarbert, Loch Tyne; A.M. Varna Street Council School, Openshaw,
DAWSON, MARGARET, B.A., 1903; Hd.M. Victoria Road Council School,
Northwich, 1908; A.M. Bolls Eoad Council School, 1903-4; Hd.M.
Springhead Council School, 1905-8.
DAWSON, SHEPHARD, B.A., 1901; M.A., 1904; Second Master, Lydney
Secondary School; Cumberland C.C. Major Scholarship; B.Sc.
Hons., Lond. ; Teachers' Diploma, London, 1906.
DAY, EUGENIE E., 88 Park Lane, Macclesfield.
DEAKIN, Rev. GEORGE ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1903; Curate of Great Harwood,
Blackburn ; Assistant Master in Manchester, 1903-4 ; Resident
Warden of Stockport Ruskin Hall, 1904-5; A.M. at Stockport,
1904-5 ; Curate of St. Matthew's Church, Ardwick, 1906 ; Ordained
DEAKIN, MARY A., B.A., 2nd class English, 1908; M.A., 1909; 128
Grenville Street, Stockport; Shakespeare Scholarship, 1907; John
Bright Fellowship, 1909.
DEAN, Mrs., 38 Wath Street, Sharrow, Sheffield ; see Taylor, Clara.
DEAN, THOMAS!, B.Sc., 1903; Senior Mathematical Master, Technical
College, East Ham, 1905; Science Master, The Church Institute,
Bolton, 1903-5; Lane. C.C. Senior Sc. Exhib.
DEARDEN, FRANK, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Princess Road Council School, Moss
DERBY, EMILY, B.A., 1899 ; Lecturer, Manchester Municipal Training
College; formerly A.M. Roby P.T. Centre, Manchester
DERBY, MILDRED, 20 Oak Bank, Harpurhey, Manchester.
DERBYSHIRE, HAROLD E., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Cheetham Central
DESDEN, ALICE;, A.M. Seymour Park, Infants, Manchester.
DESDEN, AMENA A., A.M. Beever Street Council School, Oldham.
DEWHURST, JAMES^ B.,Sc., 1896; AM. Yardly Secondary School,
DEWSNUP, ERNEST R., B.A., 1895; M.A., 1900; Professor of Railway
Administration, Illinois University, U.S.A., 1907; Assistant Super-
intendent, P.T. Centre, Swansea, 1895-6; Lecturer in English and
Mathematics, Central Organised School Swansea, 1896-8; Principal
of Graceland College, Iowa, 1898-9; Sikes Lecturer in Economics
and Head of the Department of Higher Commercial Education,
Huddersfield Technical College, 1899-1903; Lecturer in Railway
Transport, University of Manchester, 1903-4; Professor of Rail-
way Economics, Director of the Courses in Railway Education,
University of Chicago, 1904-7; New Shakespeare Soc. Prize;
94 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
Cobden Club Prize ; Warburton Essay Prize ; Jevons Studentship,
1903; F.R.G.S. ; F.S.S.
DICKERSON, EMILY, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Birley Street Central School
DIGGLE, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909, 37 Wood Street, Middleton Junction,
DIMMOCK, JOHN, B.A., 1907; A.M. St. Matthew's Higher Grade School,
DINSLEY, CHAS. F., 185 Eaves Lane, Chorley.
DIXEY, GLADYS N., B.A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1910; The Rectory,
DOBSON, JAS. W., B.Sc., 2nd, 1910; 158 St. James's Road, Blackburn.
DOBSON, MARGARET ANNE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. School House,
Urswick, Ulverston; John Bright Fellowship, 1909; Shakespeare
DODGE, EVA, B.A., 2nd class History, 1901; M.A., 1904; Lecturer,
Training College, Hereford; Gilchrist Travelling Studentship, 1903;
A.M. Lincoln P.T. Centre, 1904-7; Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1907-8;
Jones History Entrance Scholarship, 1898 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
DOOTSON, PERCY, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; Oak Dene, Shrewsbury Rd.,
DOUGLAS, GEO. FRED., B.Sc., 3rd class Physics, 1904; M.Sc., 1908;
Jas. Gaskell Ent. Scholarship.
DOWLER, HELEN, (now Mrs. Fairbrother) , B.A., 1903; Willow Bank,
Westhoughton, nr. Bolton.
DOWNS, EDMUND, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; A.M.
Battersea Polytechnic, S.W.
DOYLE, ARTHUR L., 121 High Street West, Glossop; Mackie Memorial
DRAYCOTT, EDWIN GEORGE, B.A., 1908; A.M. P.T. Centre, The Bede
Collegiate School, Sunderland.
DRAYCOTT, ERNEST CHAS., B.A., 1910; A.M. Municipal Secondary
DRINKWATER, LILAS, B.A., 1910; A.M. Cavendish Street School, All
DRUMMOND, EDITH E., 9 Pembroke Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester.
DUCKWORTH, CHRISTINA, 81 Regent Street, Salford.
DUCKWORTH, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1904; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Municipal
Secondary School, Royal Technical Institute, Salford; A.M. in
Manchester and Salford, 1904; Lowestoft Pupil Teachers' Centre
and Secondary School, 1905; F.C.S.
DUDDLE, WILLIAM K., 77 High Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
DUFFIN, HENRY CHARLES, B.A., 1st class Hons. English Literature,
1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Municipal School, Banbury, Oxon; Lang-
uage Master at Thome Grammar School, 1907.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 95
DUNCAN, ELIZABETH, A.M. Infants' Department, Southall Street School,
DUTTON, ETHEL, B.A., 1902; Sunnyside, Upper Chorlton Road, Man-
chester; A.M. Stoke-on-Trent P.T. Centre, 1902-4; Hd.M. Taunton
P.T. Centre, 1904-5; Student Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1907; Tem-
porary Posts at Droyssig and Birmingham in 1906-8.
DUTTON, FRANK, B.Sc., 1896; Head of Chemical Department, Alleyn's
School, Dulwich, S.E., 1904; A.M. at Central Higher Grade
Schools, Leeds, 1896-7; Science Master, Carpenters' Companys'
Technical Institute, Stratford, London, E., 1897-1904; Fellow of
DUXBURY, ROBERT J., A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Darwin.
DYKE, THOS. JAMES, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Silver Street School, Warrington;
A.M. P.T.'s Centre, Chester-le Street, 1907; A.M. Silver Street
School, Warrington; Cheshire C.C. Scholar, 1904.
DYKES, JESSIE, B.A., 1900; M.A., 1903; A.M. Munic. Secondary School,
Oldham; A.M. Hanley Higher Grade School.
EARNSHAW, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1908; Yorkshire Street, Rochdale.
EASON, HERBERT A., Inter. B.Sc.; 35 Kirkgate, Bradford; I.C.S.
EAST, ISABELLA, 18 Warley Road, King's Cross, Halifax.
EASTWOOD, Mrs., The Vicarage, Cross Stone, Todmorden; see Lightfoot,
ECKERSLEY, IDA M., 506 Hr. Bridgman Street, Bolton.
ECKERSLEY, WILLIAM, A.M. Varna Street Council School, Openshaw,
EDGE, VERNON, Lansdown Villa, Sheffield Road, Godley, Hyde.
EDWARD, NELLIE, 237 Hodge Lane, Seedley, Manchester.
EDWARDS, GWENDOLEN, B.A., 1904; A.M. at Dr. Williams' High School,
Dolgelly; A.M. at Cheetham Higher Grade School, 1904-5.
EDWARDS, JOSEPH, 1 Chatham Street, Wigan.
EDWARDS, Sarah, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1908; Park Cottage, Denbigh, N.
Wales; A.M. Higher Grade School, P.T.C., Colwyn Bay, 1906-7.
ELFENBAUM, ARTHUR, 19 Bell Street, Hightowra, Manchetser.
ELLIOTT, ETHEL MARY LINDNER, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1903;
M.A., 1906; A.M. Bridlington High School for Girls, 1905; Man-
chester High School for Girls, 1903-5; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
ELLIOTT, MABEL ALICE, B.A., 3rd class Hons. History, 1900 ; M. A., 1903;
A.M. Leigh Grammar School, 1901-3; Teachers' Diploma, 1901.
ELLIS, OLIVER C. DE C. ; A.M. Fielden Dem. School, Manchester.
ELLSCHER, MAX H., B.A., 2nd class Classical Tripos, Cambridge; A.M.
Kendal Grammar School; Teachers' Diploma, 1908
ELSTOB, WILFRITH, B.A., 1909 ; Capethorne Vicarage, Chelford, Cheshire ;
Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
96 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
EMERSON, GLADYS N., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1910; Norcot,
Church Lane, Whitefield.
EMMETT, MARY, 5 Park Street, Haslingden.
EMMOTT, ROBERT, B.Sc., 1909, 22 Sackville Street, Brierfield.
ENTWISLE, ADELINE MAUD, B.Sc., 1907; Mathematical Tutor Day
Training Department, University College, Bristol.
EPSTEIN, SPRINZIE, A.M. Derby Street School, Cheetham, Manchester.
ETCHELLS, CLARA J., 25 Guy Wood Road, Romiley.
ETCHELLS, ROSE, Holmfield, Bradley Lane, Huddersfield.
EVA, WILFRID H., 2a Cestrian Street, Bolton.
EVANS, GWLADYS, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1906; M.A., 1907;
A.M. Manchester High School for Girls ; A.M. in Fielden Schools,
1907-8; Diploma, 1907.
EWING, WILLIAM, A.M. Abbott Street Council School, Manchester.
FAIRBOURN, WM. W., B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Cheetham Central School,
FAIRBROTHER, FRED, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; A.M.
Upholland Grammar School, Orrell, Wigan.
FAIRBROTHER, Mrs. ; see Dowler, Helen.
FAIRBROTHER, WILLIAM SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Grammar School,
Hindley, Wigan; Lane. C.C. Senior Sc. Exhib.
FAIRCLOUGH, JOHN, B.Sc., 1910; 100, Derby Street, Bolton.
FAIRHURST, RHODA, B.A., 1909; A.M. The High School for Girls,
Berwick-on-Tweed ; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class, 1910.
FAIRHURST, SUSIE SUTHERLAND, The Poplars, Norman's Place, Altrin-
FALLAW, Mrs. LANCE; see Chorlton, Nellie.
FALLOWFIELD, JOHN E., Hd.M. New Council School, St. Annes-on-the-
FARADAY, LUCY WININFRED, B.A., 1st class Hons. English, 1897 ; M.A.,
1900; A.M. Howell's School, Llandaff, since 1903; University
Scholar, 1897; University Fellow, 1898; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
FARMER, AMY MARGARET, B.A., 1905; Assistant Secretary, Hampstead
Charity Organization; A.M. Leeds Education Committee.
FARRIMOND, JOSEPH, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. P.T.'s Centre, Clay
FA WELL, GEORGE SCOTT, B.A., 1910; 9 Park Street, Bolton; Bishop
Fraser Scholar, 1909; Victoria Scholar, 1910;
FEATHERSTON, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Framlingham College, Suffolk,
FEE, BERNARD W., A.M. Elysian Street Council School, Manchester.
FIELDEN, JOHN R., B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Stubbings School, Hebden Bridge;
'William Simpson's' Entrance Exhibition.
FIELDEN, SARAH H., 176 Waterloo Road, South Shore, Blackpool.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 97
FIELDING, MABEI^, B.A., 1909; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
FIELDING, WM. RD., B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M.
Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1905.
FINCH, MARY, 346 Leigh Road, Hindley Green, Wigan.
FIRTH, EDNA, B.A., 1910; A.M. N. Grecian Street Council School,
Lower Broughton, Salford.
FIRTH, JAS. E., Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Globe Lane Ch. School, Dukinfield.
FIRTH, MARGARET ANN,, (now Mrs. Herbert Gates), B.A., 1896; Clare-
moat, Halifax, Yorks; A.M. Hebden Bridge P.T. Centre, 1898-1900.
FISQUE, A. W., deceased.
FLETCHER, ANNIE CAROLINE, (now Mrs. J. E. Whittaker), B.A., 1901;
Rush Bank, Middleton Road, Oldham; A.M. Chadderton P.T.
FLETCHER, DAVID, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Central Secondary School, Bolton.
FLETCHER, HARRIET MARY, B.A., 1902; A.M. Whalley Range Municipal
High School, Manchester.
FLETCHER, RUTH M., Corrie, Northwich, Cheshire.
FLOWER, Mrs. WM. ; see Webster, Mary Elizabeth.
FOLKARD, MURIEL, B.A., 1904; A.M. at Wigan Girls' High School;
Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
FORD, ETHEL, B.A., 1909; 108 Birch Street, W. Gorton
FOSTER, EMILY, B.A., 1908; Oakleigh, Moseley Road, Crumpsall.
FOSTER, WM. LEWIS, Inter. BSc., 1906; A.M. Lancastrian C. School,
FOTHERGILL, ALBERT S. CYRIL, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Munic. Sec. School,
Littleborough ; Senior Science Master, Sir William Laxton's
Grammar School, Oundle, Northants, 1906-8.
FOTHERGILL, GEORGE HAROLD, B.Sc., 1910; 82 Mitchell Street, Rochdale.
Fox, ADA WINIFRED, The Hawthorns, Fenton Manor, Stoke-on-Trent.
Fox, ETHEL A., A.M. Manor Infant School, Stoke-on-Trent.
Fox, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Waterloo Road School, Manchester.
FRAINE, Mrs. ; see McHowat, Annie.
FRASER, KATE, 2 All Saints Road, Heaton Norris, Stockport.
FREEMAN, PETER, B.Sc., 1910; 127 Wigan Road, Westhoughton.
FROW, FLORENCE (now Henstock, Mrs.).
FULLEN, HARRY, B.A., 1893; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Oldham.
FULTON, R. B. } Inter. B.A., 1904; Chapel Place, Trowse, Norwich.
FURLONG, WILLIAM CLARKE, 78 Hall's Crescent, Collyhurst.
GARDNER, VINCENT, De Trafford, Ince, Wigan.
GARLICK, WINIFRED, B.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Knot-
98 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
GARNETT, JAMES HOLDEN, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905;
M.Sc., 1908; A.M. County School, Pembroke Dock, South Wales;
Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
GATLEY, AMY, B.A., 1909; Milton Cottage, John Street, Sale.
GATLEY, ANDREW OSWALD, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; 8 Ra/e Street,
Stockport; Cobden Club Prize.
GEORGE, RALPH L., 19 Heywood Street, Bury.
GERRARD, HENRY, B.A., 1908; A.M. Salford Technical School; Lan-
cashire C.C. Scholar, 1906.
GIBBS, GEORGE REGINALD, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. The Grammar School,
GIBBS, WILLIAM HENRY, 157 Uttoxeter Road, Longton, Staffs.
GIBSON, ROBERT E., 21 Ardwick Green, N., Manchester.
GIFFORD, PHILIP H., 63 Gibraltar Street, Bolton.
GILLIAT, FRED, 25 Cunliffe Street, Stockport.
GILLMAN, PERCY, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Nelson Street School, Miles
Platting, Manchester, 1906.
GLEDHILL, WALTER, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Spring Vale School, Penistone.
GODSON, KATHERTNE H., M.A. (Dublin), 3rd class Nat. Science Tripos,
Cambridge (Girton), 1902; Cheadle House. Cheadle, near Man-
chester; Teachers' Diploma. 1903.
GOLDSTRAW, EDITH ALICE, B.A., 1906; A.M. St. Chrysostom's Girls'
GOOCH, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc.,. 1906; A.M. St. Margaret's Higher
Grade School, Princess Road, Liverpool, 1904.
GOODISON, WINIFRED M., 167 Didsbury Road, Heaton Norris, Stockport.
GORDON, ALICE, Leyburn, 28 Brook Road, Fallowfield.
GORDON, BEATRICE, 62 Hampden Street, Bolton.
GORDON, DAISY H., 7 Banks Lane, Stockport.
GORST, ISABEL GRANT, B.A., 1899; A.M. Bolton Municipal Secondary
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1901.
GOUDIE, GRACE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Cross Lane, Marple; Cheshire
C.C. Scholar, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
GOUGH, SARAH, 183 Firs Lane, Leeds.
GOULDEN, ARTHUR F., 159 Sussex Road, Southport.
GOWAN, EDITH MARY, B.A., 1903; Mistress of Method, Training College,
Fishponds, Bristol; Diploma for Teaching (London), 1905.
GRAHAM, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; The Lodge, Middleton.
GRAHAM, JAMES L., A.M. Gaskell Street Council School, Bolton.
GRAHAM, JOSEPH WM., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1905; M.A., 1906;
A.M. Alfred Street Council School, Manchester.
GRANT, CONSTANCE N., 21 Chapel Street, Hyde.
GREEN, AMY FAITH, B.A., 2nd class Modern Languages, 1908; M.A.,
1909; 48 Cecil Street, Greenheys.
GREEN, Mrs. ; see Swithenbank, Dora.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 99
GREEN, ELLEN, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Wigan Girls' High
School, 1908; Teachers' Diploma (London), 1905.
GREEN, EVELINE, 351 Wigan Road, Brynn, Wigan.
GREEN, HAROLD, B.A. 3rd Classical Tripos (Camb.); A.M. Manchester
Grammar School ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
GREEN, MURIEL M., A.M. Alma Park School, Levenshulme.
GREEN, Mrs. J. A. ; see Johnston, Adeliza.
GREENHALGH, JAS. ARTHUR, B.A., 1910; 14 Heslington Street, Moss
GREENHALGH, MARION, 31 Castleden Road, Harlesden.
GREENHALGH, NATHANIEL, B.Sc., 1909; 476 Bolton Road, Radcliffe.
GREENWOOD, WILLIAM,, Hd.M. Tibberton British School, near Gloucester.
GREGORY, WILLIAM M., 73 Coupland Street, Manchester.
GREGSON, HARRY, A.M. Brownlow Fold Council School, Bolton.
GRIERSON, AGNES, 142 Waterloo Road, Cheetham, Manchester.
GRIFFITHS, BERTHA MAY, Llangathan House, Wyndham Street, Ton
Pentre, Ystrad, S. Wales.
GRIFFITHS, HENRIETTA C.
GRIFFITHS, MABEL G., School House, Wrenbury, Nantwich.
GRIME, JESSIE, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Whit-
worth Street, Manchester.
GRIME, MABEL, 18 Hartington Road, Chorlton-cum- Hardy, Manchester.
GRIMSHAW, HAROLD S., 272 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
GRINDROD, WALTON, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Secondary School, Chorley;
GRUXDY, FRED R., B.Sc., 1894; F.C.S. ; Hd.M. Secondary School,
Douglas, Isle of Man.
GUEST, EDWARD DANBY, B.A., 1st class (Oxford) ; Bucks House, Leigh,
Lancashire; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
GUEST, GEORGB, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Secondary School, Haslingden.
GUEST, PETER H., 'Dunecht/ Orrell Road, Wigan.
HADFIELD, BENJAMIN, B.A., 1898; M.A., 1902; A.M. Birley Street
Central School, Manchester, 1903; Early English Text Society's
HADFIELD, ELIZABETH, 127 Cambridge Street, Athertcoi.
HADFIELD, FRANCES ELLA, 68 Gilnow Road, Bolton.
HAGUE, FLORENCE M., A.M. Smith Street Council School, Oldham.
HAGUE, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1902; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Man-
HAGUE, JOHN CECIL, B.A., 1896; B.A., 1st class Hons. Philosophy, 1897;
Normal Master, L.C.C. Training College, Southampton Row,
London ; Lector in English, Prague University, 1900-1904 ; Gilchrist
Travelling Scholar, 1898.
HAIGH, ALICE, B.A., 1910; 31 Werneth Hall Road, Oldham.
ioo REGISTER OF STUDENTS
HAIGH, HELEN, 31 Werneth Hall Road, Oldham.
HALII, ANNIE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 14 Park Row, Eagley Bank,
HALL, GEORGE F., 30 Hare Street, Rochdale.
HALL, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1900; M.A., 1903; Hd.M. Girls' School,
Loughton, Essex, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
HALL, MARY JANE TUTON, B.A., 1908; 52 Church Street, Silverdale,
HALL, RUTH, 14 Park Row, Eagley Bank, Bolton.
HALL, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. The Grammar School, March, Cam-
HALL, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Technical School, Leicester; Science
Master, Pupil Teachers' Centre, Bolton, 1903; F.C.S.
HALLAS, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909; A.M. Lily Lane Council School, Moston,
HALLSWORTH, HARRY MAINWARING, B.Sc., 1906; M.A., 1909; Lecturer
in Economics in Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Senior
Science Master, P.T. Centre, Sheffield, 1907; Cambridge Teachers'
Certificate, 1904; L.C.P., 1904; Jevons Student in Economics.
HALLWORTH, A., Inter. B.Sc. ; 181 Hyde Road, Denton, Manchester.
HALSTEAD, ANNIE, B.A., 1910 ; Hunt Royd, Greenmount, near Bury.
HARDLEY, EDITH M., 3 Queen's Road, Hartshill, Stoke-on-Trent.
HAMILTON, ELIZABETH, 589 Chester Road, Old Trafford.
HAMNETT, FREDERICK GEORGE, B.Sc., 1900; Science Teacher, Roman
Catholic Secondary School, Salford.
HAMPSON, ANNIE FARNWORTH, B.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary
HANCOCK, MABEL M., 1 Lister Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
HANNA, EVA, 18 Brook Road, Fallowfield, Manchester.
HANNA, NORAH, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M.
Secondary School, Harrogate; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
HARCOTJRT, FREDERICK, B.Sc., 1908; 18 Byrom Street, Patricroft,
HARDIE, VIOLET HELEN, B.Sc., 1909; Engledene, Green Lane, Bolton;
Withers' Prize, 1909; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class (with Distinc-
HARDMAN, MAY, 39 Power Street, Heywood.
HARGREAVE, NELLIE, Hd.M. Infants' Department, St. Mary's Schools,
HARGREAVES, EGERTON, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1904; M.Sc.,
1907; Chemistry Master, Technical School, Stockport, 1907; D.T.C.
Exhibition; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner; F.C.S.
HARGREAVES, LOUISA JANE, B.Sc., 1900; Graduate Student, University
of Manchester, 1910; Senior Mistress, Municipal Secondary School
and P.T. Centre, Accrington, 1900-1910.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 101
HARRISON, ALBERT SEDDON, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Halesowen Grammar
HARRISON, ELIZA ALICE, B.A., 1910 ; 50 Belmont Terrace, Nelsoa
HARRISON, FRANK A., 41 Union Street, Tyldesley.
HARROP, DOROTHY (now Norris, Mrs.), B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry,
1909; 16 Roseneath Road, Clapham Common, London, S.W.
HART, JOHN W., 9 Wentworth Terrace, Pellon Lane, Halifax.
HART, ROBT. CECIL HOWARD, B.A., 1909; A.M. Secondary School,
HARTT, RICHARD, B.A., 1893 ; A.M. Municipal School Secondary School,
Manchester, 1904; Hd.M. Hyde P.T. Centre, 1899-1903.
HARTT, Mrs. RICHARD, Sunnyside, Beechwood Avenue, Romiley ; see
HARVEY, AMY CECILIA, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; 10 St. John's Road,
Heaton Mersey; A.M. Bury Grammar School for Girls, 1910;
Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
HAWCRIDGE, MARION, B.A., 3rd class Hons. English, 1904; M.A., 1906;
A.M. Stockport High School, since 1905 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
HAWKED JOHN HENRY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. Birley Street
Higher Elementary School, Beswick.
HAWORTH, PETER, 1 Stockton Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy.
HAYHURST, FLORENCE (now Mrs. H. J. Rossingtori), Markinch, Cadogan
Park, Belfast; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
HAYHURST, WALTER, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Pannal Ash College, Harrogate.
HAYNES, JAMES HERBERT, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Fairfield Secondary School,
Bristol, 1904; F.C.S.
HAYTHORNTHWAITEI, WM., Bank Villa, Cherry Tree, near Blackburn.
HEAL, LYNDHURST WILLIAM, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; Second Master,
Trowbridge Secondary School, Wilts., and Victoria Technical
Institute; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner.
HEALD, JOHN FORSTER, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central School,
Manchester, and Lecturer, Manchester Technical School, 1904.
HEAP, FLORENCE ANNETTE, B.A., 1904; 3 Thursley Park, Burnley.
HEAP, NELLIE, 30 Derby Street, Moss Side, Manchester.
HEATH, EMILY CHARLOTTE, B.Sc., 1902; A.M. Hackney P.T. Centre,
1904; A.M. Hugh Myddleton Higher Grade School, London, 1902-^.
HEGINBOTHAM, MARION DOROTHEA, 77 Joel Lane, Gee Cross, Hyde.
HELM, JOHN H., Park Grove, Levenshulme.
HELLIWELL, HAMLET, B.Sc., 1905; A. Science M. Secondary School,
HEMSLEY, GODFREY H., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Hilton College, Steep Hill,
HENSHAW, ESTHER GERTRUDE (now Mrs. Dawson), 74 Lansdowne Road,
HENSTOCK, Mrs. ; see Frow, Florence.
102 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
HEPPLE, C., A.M. St. Matthew's School, Edgeley, Stockport.
HERFORD, Mrs. OLIVER ; see Regan, Margaret M.
HESKETH, EDITH M., Final B.Sc., 32 Common Side, Ansdell, near
HESKETH, R. H., Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. Paul's School, Oswaldtwistle ;
HESLAM, ALICE MARGARET, B.A., 1910; 68 Demesne Road, Alexandra
HETHERINGTON, EMILY MARY, B.A., 1910; A.M. Bangor Street School,
HEWLETT, EDITH LETTICE, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906; M.Sc.,
1908; A.M. Training College, Hilden Street, Bolton; Teachers'
Diploma (London), 1904.
HEY, FRANCES S., Glen Dale, Lodge Lane, Newton, Hyde.
HEYHURST, ANNIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Mathematics, 1901; M.Sc.,
1904 ; Holmfield, Parkfield Road, New Moston ; Formerly Temporary
Teaching under Cheshire, and subsequently under Portsmouth
Education Committee; Derby Prize, 1901; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
HICKLING, H. GEORGE A., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Geology, 1905; M.Sc.,
1909; D.Sc., 1910; Lecturer in Geology, The University, Manchester,
1906; Graduate Scholar, 1905.
HIGGINS, GERTRUDE T., 25 Hyde Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester.
HIGGINS, LEONARD T., 25 Hyde Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester.
HICHAM^ JOSEPH, 45 Chapel Street, Hyde.
HIGSON, EVELYN, 7 Sunnier Road, Pendleton.
HILES, ISA LOCKYER, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Zoology, 1897; M.Sc., 1900;
Stanton Avenue, West Didsbury ; A.M. Manchester High School,
1900-4; Research Scholar, 1897-99; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
HILL, CATHERINE H., Creaghan, Brunswick Rd. Douglas, I.O.M.
HILL, HARRY, B.Sc., 1909; 563 Collyhurst Road, Harpurhey, Manchester.
HILL, JAMES SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. City Technical Schools, Oxford.
HILTON, NELLIE, B.A., 1906; B.A., 2nd class Hons. Philosophy, 1907;
M.A., 1908; Lecturer, The Training College, Hilden Street, Bolton;
Lecturer in Education and History at Warrington Training College.
HINCHCLIFFE, GEORGE HERBERT, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Sharpe's Institution,
HINDLE, RICHARD, 31 Lister Street, Accrington.
HINDLEY, JOHN PEAR, B.Sc., 1900; M.Sc., 1905; A.M. Municipal
Secondary School, Whitworth Street, Manchester; Lecturer in
Mathematics, Royal Technical Institute, Salford, 1906.
HINDSHAW, FLORENCE PYE, B.A., 1902; A.M. The Grammar School,
HINDSHAW, WINIFRED, B.A., 1897; M.A., 1909; Mistress of Method,
The Training College, Swansea, 1903 ; Examination in Pedagogy
(London Univ.) with distinction in written papers, 1909.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 103
KITCHENS, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1905; Hd.M. Arthog School, Congleton:
Cheshire C.C. Exhibitioner.
HITCHIN, ROBT. P., A.M. Higher Elementary School, Chatham.
HITCHINGS, FLORENCE?, Victoria House, Northwood, Hanley.
HOARE, FLORENCE A., B.A., 1909; Colney House, Accrington.
HODGES, ELIZABETH (now Mrs. Richard Hartt), B.Sc., 1895; Hd.M.
Municipal Technical School, Accrington, 1895-1900.
HODGKINSON, GLADYS, Moss House, Westhoughton, Bolton.
HODGSON, THOS. E., Inter. B.Sc. ; Police Station, Warrington Road,
HODSON, EUNICE, 147 Mayor Street, Bolton.
HODSON, HENRY, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Chester Street Municipal School,
HOLDEN, CHARLES, B.Sc., 1903; Form Master, Municipal Secondary
HOLDEN, EDMUND HOWARTH, B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary
HOLDEN, HENRY SMITH, B.Sc., 1909; Beeston Street, Harpurhey,
HOLGATE, PERCY H., 7 Liverpool Road, Hindley, Wigan.
HOLLAND, ROBT. W., B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1904; LL.B., Hons., 1905;
M.A., 1909; Barrister-at-Law ; Hd.M. St. Margaret's Junior Boys'
School, Whalley Range, 1905; Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1898;
Dauntesey Legal Scholarship ; Wm. Sumner Scholarship.
ROLLINGS, EVANGELINE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1910; A.M. Mexborough
Secondary School, since 1905 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
HOLLTNGSWORTH, WM., B.A., 1895; 67 and 71 Russell Square, London,
W.C. ; Secretary N.U.T. Examination Board; A.M. Municipal
Pupil Teachers' College, Manchester, 1899-1906.
HOLME URSULA (now Jeans, Mrs. H. W.), B.A., 2nd class Hons.
English; M.A., 1899; 95 Kenilworth Road, Putney, London, S.W. ;
A.M. Day Training Department, Mason College, Birmingham, 1897-
1900; Teachers' Diploma (Eng. Lit.), 1897.
HOLMES, FRANK WM., B.Sc., 1899, 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1900;
M.Sc., 1902; A.M. Mulberry Street School, Manchester.
HOLMES, HELENA AMY, Hightown, Manchester.
HOLMES, JOHN E., A.M. St. Bride's School, Old Trafford, Manchester.
HOLMES, MARGARET JANE, B.A., 1906; A.M. County Secondary School,
since 1907 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
HOLMES, WILFRED, 4 Alma Street, Collyhurst Road, Manchester.
HOLT, ELLEN, Moat House, Ince, Wigan.
HOLT, FRANCIS K., B.A., 1908; A.M. H. E. School, Sheerness.
HOLT, TOM, 75 Wood Street, Elton, Bury.
HOOPER, ELSIE M., 88 Belgrave Road, Oldham.
HOPE, HARRY, 132 Tottington Road, Bury.
104 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
HOPKINS, ELLEN, A.M. Secondary School, Castleford, Yorks. , LL.A.
HOPKINS, ETHEL, B.A., 1897; Senior Mistress, Secondary School, Castle-
ford, Yorks. ; Lecturer in English, Havergal College, Toronto,
HORNBY, THOS. BALDWIN, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Municipal School, Bolton,
HORROCKS, ADELAIDE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Language, 1907;
M.A., 19u8; A.M. Leigh Grammar School, Lanes.; Graduate
Scholarship, 1907-8; Anglo-French Association Prize, 1907;
Diploma (1st) 1908,
HORSFALL, DOROTHY (now Mrs. Edmund B. Skinner), 1st class Hons.
History, Oxford; The West County, Najang, Selangor, Federated
Malay States; Assistant Lecture in Department of Education,
Manchester University, 1906; Teachers' Diploma (with distinction),
HORSFALL, MARY GRACE, Queen Margaret Hall, Glasgow, W. ; Teachers'
Diploma, 1906; B.Sc. (London).
HORSLEY, HELEN T., 46 Sutherland Road, Derby.
HOUGHTON, AGNES, 48 Parkfield Street, Moss Side, Manchester.
HOUGHTON, AMY, B.A., 1904; English Teacher in the Day Secondary
School and Day Trade School of Woolwich Polytechnic, 1905;
Middlesex C.C. Scholarship, 1901.
HOUGHTON, CLARA, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; Diploma
Student, University of Manchester, 1910.
HOUGHTON, ELIZABETH ANNIE (now Mrs. Richard Ward), B.A., 1898;
19 Norfolk Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham; A.M. Ardwick Science
School, Manchester, 1898-1905.
HOVELL, MARK, B.A., 1st class Hons. History, 1909; M. A. 1910 ; Assistant
Lecturer in History, Manchester University ; Hulme Entrance
Scholarship, 1906 ; Bradford Scholarship ; Graduate Scholarship,
1909; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
HOWARD, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Technical School, Stalybridge.
HOWARD, KENNEDY, Inter. B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Embden Street Council
HOWARTH, AILEEN, B.A., 1904; A.M. Monmouth Street Council Schools,
HOWARTH, GLADYS, Oakleigh, Ribbleton, Preston.
HOWARTH, J., 4 Broomfield Place, Witton, Blackburn.
HOWARTH, WALTER, B.A., 1908; A.M. County School, Redruth, Cornwall.
HOWARTH, WILIS 0., Rough Hill, Birtle, Bury.
HOWDEN, SAML. PERCY, B.Sc., 1897; Teacher of Physics, Ardwick
Central School, Manchester, 1897.
HOWE, ETHEL, Caldar Hill, Rochdale.
HOWELLS, ETHEL N., B.A., 1910 ; 235 Abbey Road, Barrow-in-Furness.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 105
HdwELLs, MARGARET H., Inter. B.A., 235 Abbey Eoad, Barrow-in-
HOYLE, ARTHUR ERNEST, B.A., 1903; A.M. Secondary School and P.T.
HOYLE, ARTHUR WM., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. George the Martyr School,
HOYLE, DAVID, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics, 1906; A.M. Navigation
Eoad Council School and Technical Institute, Altrincham, 1906.
HOYLE, WILLIAM FRANK, B. A., 1906 ; 7 Whalley Grove, Whalley Range,
Manchester; Theodores Modern Language Exhibitioner, 1901.
HUDSON, JAMES KINDLE, B.A., 1903 ; M.A., 1906 ; A.M. Royal Technical
Institute, Salford ; Cobden Prize, 1904 ; Cobden Club Prize, 1905.
HUGHES, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Flowery Field Council School,
HUGHES, MARIANNE MATILDA, B.A., 1900; Hd.M. P.T. Centre, Newport,
HUGHES, WM. ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Diocesan Training College,
HUNSWORTH, HERBERT, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1907; A.M. Municipal
Secondary School, Rochdale.
HURST, WILLIAM THOMAS, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Marling
Endowed School, Stroud, Gloucester; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
HUTTON, ELLEN MARY, B.A., 1901; A.M. Fair-field Girls' School, Man-
chester, since 1901 ; Teachers' Diploma (with distinction), 1905.
HUXTABLE, LOUISA, " Ardlin," Murray Street, Higher Broughton,
HYNES, JAMES E., 26 Peel Street, Eccles.
HYSLOP, MARGARET, "Ryelia," Alma Park, Levenshulme, Manchester.
INGHAM, AMY, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1907; A.M. Beechfield School,
Wilmslow, since 1906.
INGHAM, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; Lecturer in Mathematics,
Municipal Secondary School, Bury, 1906; F.C.S.
INGHAM, SARAH, B.A., 1905; A.M. Blackpool School and P.T. Centre,
INGHAM, WALTER, A.M. Royston National School, Yorkshire.
INGHAM, WILLIAM, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Whitefield Council School, Nelson.
IRELAND, CLEMENT ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Halton
Bank Council School, Salford.
ISAAC, EDITH M., 72 Bewsey Road, Warrington.
ISGROVE, ANNIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Zoology, 1907; M.Sc., 1908;
Isgaer, Church Street, Carnarvon; Platt Biological Exhibitioner,
1907; Research Studentship, 1907-8.
106 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
ISHERWOOD, JAS. GRIMED B.Sc., 2nd class Hans. Mathematics, 1903;
B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1904; Lecturer, Municipal Training
College, Princess Street, Manchester; Dalton Entrance Exhibitioner,
1900; Hulme Hall Scholarship; Derby Scholarship; University
JACKSON, DORA, Woodville, Wardleworth, Rochdale.
JACKSON, ERNEST, B.A., 1910; 31 Todmorden Road, Bacup.
JACKSON, HAROLD, 29 Laurel Street, Rochdale; Gaskell Entrance
JACKSON, ISAAC, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Mod. Languages, 1909; M.A.,
1910; A.M. Grammar School, Stand, near Manchester.
JACKSON, JOHN, B.A., 1910; Birch Cottage, York Street, Whitefield, near
JACKSON, MARY, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Secondary School, Chorley, 1907.
Bank Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester; A.M. P.T. Centre,
JACKSON, MARY MATILDA (now Brammall, Mrs.), B.A., 1899; 2 Moss
Bank Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester.
JACKSON, NORA, Orchard Cottage, Knutsford.
JACKSON, ROBERT, A.M. Ross Place Municipal School, Ardwick, Man-
JACKSON, WINIFRED, B.A., 1907 ; A.M. Manley Park School, Manchester,
JAMES, GRACE, 23 Mesnes Street, Wigan.
JEANS, Mrs. H. W. ; see Holme, Ursula.
JEFFERSON, ROBT. ERNEST, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Springfield
Council School, Sale, Cheshire.
JENKINS, RUTH HOPE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. City and County
School for Girls, Chester.
JOHNSON, ALICE, 7 Hall Street, Dalton-in-Furness.
JOHNSON, EDITH A., 5 Larchwood Avenue, Moston, Manchester.
JOHNSON, EDITH DRINKWATER, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; 4 Station Road,
JOHNSON, N. MILLER, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Viewforth Public School,
Sinclairtown, Fife, N.B.
JOHNSON, WM. P., 84 Park Road, Wigan.
JOHNSTON, ADELIZA N. (now Mrs. J. A. Green), B.A., 1898; M.A., 1901;
389 Glossop Road, Sheffield; Assistant Lecturer in Education,
Birmingham University, 1900-01, and University College of North
Wales, Bangor, 1901-06; Teachers' Diploma, 1900.
JOHNSTON, JEMIMA, A.M. New Road Council School, Earby, Colne.
JOLLIE, KATHERINE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal High
School, Tynemouth; Diploma, 1910.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 107
JONES, ALICE MAUD (now Mrs. W. B. Allcock), B.A., 1905 ; Sunnyside
Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa.
JONES, ARTHUR (1), A.M. Penygraig School, Rhondda, Glamorgan.
JONES, ARTHUR (2), B.A., 1st class Hons. History, 1905; B.A., 1st class
Hons. Celtic, 1907; M.A., 1906; Principal and Professor of History
and English in Government College of Jabalpur, India ; Lecturer in
History, University of Manchester, 1907-9; Jones History Entrance
Scholar, 1902; Graduate Scholarship, 1905; Jones Fellowship in
History, 1906 ; Bradford Scholarship, 1904 ; Langton Fellow, 1908.
JONES, DOROTHY HEPBURN, B.A., 1903; A.M. St. Helens High School
for Girls, 1908; A.M. Ladybarn House School, Manchester, 1903-8;
Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
JONES, EDWARD, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. County School, Tredegar, Mon.
JONES, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1902; M.Sc., 1905; Science Master, Intermediate
School, Aberystwyth, 1904.
JONES, EVAN, Glyra Court Road, Barry Dock.
JONES, EVELYN GWYNNEJ, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Bolton.
JONES, GERTRUDE HILDA, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1905; A.M. Thoresby High
School, Leeds, 1904; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
JONES, HENRY L., 804 Stockport Road, Longsight, Manchester.
JONES, JOSEPH, Inter. B.A. ; 219 Ridgway Street, Bradford Road,
JONES, JOHN ROGER.
JONES, JOHN WM., B.A., 1907; A.M. Halton Bank Council School,
JONES, MAUD ALICE, Sunnyside Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa.
JONES, MYFANWY, Park House, Harpurhey, Manchester.
JONES, NORAH K., A.M. Woodchurch School, Oxton, Birkenhead.
JONES, PERCY, Tennyson Cottage, Kidsgrove, Stoke-on-Trent.
JONES, ROBERT E., B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; Senior English Master,
Stockport Municipal Secondary School, 1906.
JONES, WILLIAM C., 32 Abingdon Street, Blackpool.
JOWETT, Mrs. ; see Lord, Lilias A.
JUDSON, Mrs. J. A., 234 Frederick Street, Oldham; see Lee, Rose E.
KAIN, ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1902; deceased.
KANDEL, ISAAC LEON, B.A., 1st class Hons. Classics ; M.A., 1906 ;
Assistant Editor, Monroe's Cyclopaedia of Education, New York ;
A.M. Royal Academical Institution, Belfast, 1906-08; Oliver
Heywood Scholarship, 1899; Victoria Scholarship, 1901; Teachers'
Diploma, 1906; Ph.D. (Columbia Univ.), 1910.
KARFOOT, BERTHA, B.A., 1910; A.M. Grammar School, Knaresborough,
KAY, HANNAH, 17 Bark Street, Bolton.
KAY, HELEN E. B., 225 Conway Street, Birkenhead.
KAY, JOHN B., B.Sc., 1910; 44 Lee Lane, Horwich, S.O., Bolton.
io8 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
KAY, WILLIAM E., 4 Barnsley Street, Park Road, Wigan.
KELLET, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1893; Hd.M. Tootall Road Council School,
KELLETT, Mrs. ; see Laidler, Josephine.
KELLY, CLARA JULIA, B.A., 1899; A.M. Maryborough Road Council
School, Higher Broughton, 1899.
KELLY, THOMAS J., 10 Willows Lane, Bolton.
KELSALL, ETHEL, B.A., 1900; Crawford House, Ashton-under-Lyne.
KEMP, PAUL, B.Sc., 1899; A.M. Chalfont Street Council School, Bolton.
KENYON, ALICE, B.A., 1907; A.M. St. Margaret's H.E. School, Whalley
KENYON, JAMES, 8 Suthers Street, Radcliffe.
KERSHAW, EDITH MAY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; Lecturer and Demon-
strator in Botany, The University, Manchester; Research Student-
ship, 1907-8, Manchester; Graduate Scholarship (Botany), 1907.
KERSHAW, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Weil-field School, Taunton, 1907.
KERSHAW, HENRIETTA, A.M. Vale House School, Cornholme, near
KBYTE, EMILY, B.A., 1906; A.M. Convent High School, Bury, Lanes.,
KBYTE, MARGARET, A.M. Dr. Williams' School (Secondary), Dolgelly,
KING, CONSTANCE L., 18 Livingstone Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
KIPPAX, JAMES, 78 Oval Clough Lane, Burnley.
KIRK, FRANCES MAY, B.A., 1902; Hd.M. Sleaford High School, Lincoln-
shire; Principal, P.T. Centre and Preparatory Classes, Altrincham,
KIRKMAN, JAMES, 62 Green Street, Radcliffe.
KNIGHT, ETHEL T., Sexey's School, Bruton, Somerset.
KNOTT, CYRIL WAKEFIELD, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Engineering; M.Sc.,
1907; Missionary Teacher at Griffiths John's College, Hankow,
China; Teachers' Diploma, L, 1908.
LAIDLER, JOSEPHINE (now Mrs. E. E. Kellett), B.A., 1st class Hons.
English Literature, 1900; M.A., 1903; 4 Belvoir Terrace, Cambridge ;
Lecturer in English, Goldsmiths' College (Univ. of London), 1905-7 ;
Hulme Entrance Scholarship, 1897; University Scholarship, 1900;
Shakespeare Scholarship, 1899; John Bright Fellowship, 1901;
Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
LAMB, MARY D., 105 Macclesfield Street, Burslem, Staffs.
LANTSBERRY, GEORGE E. H., School House, Holland Street, Miles
LERARD, BENJAMIN ERNEST, Inter. B.Sc. ; Scots College, Rose Bay,
LAW, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. County School, Gravesend.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 109
LAW, MARION, B.A., 1907; A.M. Johnston Schools, Durham, 1907.
LAWRENCE, ERIC HAROLD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History; M.A., 1903;
College School, Maritzburg, Natal ; Bury Grammar School, 1900-4 ;
Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
LAWSON, HENRY HEATON, Secondary School, Woodhouse, Yorks, West
LAWTON, Mrs., see Laycock, Helena.
LAWTON, WILLIAM, deceased.
LAYCOCK, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1907; 134 Heywood Street, Castleton,
Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
LAYCOCK, HELENA (now Mrs. Lawton), 6 Bristol Avenue, Levenshulme.
LAYCOCK, HENRIETTA, Wellihole, Greenfield, nr. Oldham.
LAYLAND, ANNE HELEN, B.A., 1908; A.M. Abram, Bryn Gates Council
School, Bam furlong, Wigan.
LEA, BARBARA B., 41 Park Road South, Birkenhead.
LEA, THOMAS HENRY, died 1894.
LEACH, ELLEN, 43 Arthur Street, Rochdale.
LEACH, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1904; 89 Wellington Street, Bradford, Man-
chester; A.M. Maritzburg College School, Natal, South Africa.
LEAH, ANNIE, B.Sc., 3rd class Botany, 1907; M.Sc., 1910; Penn House,
Bank Top, Todmorden; Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
LEAH, EDITH H., Inter. B.A., Penn House, Bank Top, Todmorden.
LEAH, ETHEL A., A.M. Plymouth Grove Council (Infants) School,
LEE, ADA., B.Sc., 1907; The Cliffs, New Mills, Stockport; Student, Jena
University, Germany, 1908.
LEE, FREDERICK H., 54 Shrewsbury Road, Bolton.
LEE, ROSE EVELYN (now Mrs. J. A. Judson), B.A., 1896; A.M.
Sydenham High School for Girls, 1900-4
LEES, FRANK, 104 Pett Street, Oldham.
LEIGH, WM. BOOTH, 251 Bury Road, Tottington, nr. Bury.
LEJETJNE, MARION, (now Mrs. Enke), Nat. Sci. Tripos, Cambridge;
Galiano, British Columbia; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
LE MARE, MARGARET S. B., 101 Carr Road, Fleetwood.
LIGHTFOOT, MAUD, (now Eastwood, Mrs.), The Vicarage, Cross Stone,
LINDLEY, HENRIETTA, Woodfield, Alexandra Road South, Whalley
LINDSAY, HENRY, 12 Bankfield Street, Bolton.
LIPTROT, RICHARD, B.Sc., 1910; Ashleigh, Martland Mill Lane, Wigan.
LISLE, MINNIE IDA, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, Secondary School,
Kentish Town, London, 1908.
LISTER, HENRY HAINESI, B.Sc., 1901; Assistant Inspector (L.E.A.),
Education Office, Deansgate, Manchester.
no REGISTER OF STUDENTS
LITCHFIELD, AGNES MURIEL, B.A., 1909; 32 George Street, Cheetham
LLEWELLYN, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. Urmston Higher
Grade School; Heidelberg College, Heidelberg, Germany.
LLOYD, WM. THOS., 41 Leed Street, Radcliffe.
LOBEL, Mrs. M., see Nessis, Bella.
LOMAS, LUCY M., 41 Grafton Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
LONGBOTTOM, MARION RENA, B.A., 1907; A.M. Roundthorn C. School,
LOOKER, GEORGE H., B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Pentre Higher Grade School,
Rhondda, South Wales ; Science Master, Higher Grade School, West
LOOKER, LOUISA, Hd.M. Infant School, Manchester.
LOOSE, ALBERT N., Inter. B.Sc., A.M. The School, Prestbury, nr.
LORD, CICELY EVEL/INE, B.A., 1909; 37 Windsor Street, Uplands,
LORD, EMMA H., A.M. Hollingwood Council School, Hollingwood,
LORD, JOHN, B.A., 1895; Hd.M. Manley Park School, Manchester, from
1904 ; President, Manchester Principal Teachers' Association, 1909-10.
LORD, JOHN WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
Manchester, and Principal of Branch Technical (evening) Schools,
LORD, LILIAS A. (now Mrs. Albert Jowett), B.A., 1904; 20 Wellington
Road, Bury, Lanes. ; Ass. Teacher, P.T. Centre, Bury, Lanes.,
LOVE, JESSIE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary
School, Whitworth Street, Manchester.
LOWE, CLAUDIUS ALEXANDER, A.M. Brookfield Council School, Gorton,
LOWE, HARRY M., 221 Moss Lane East; Woodiwis Exhibitioner in
LOWE, HERBERT J., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Warrmgton Lane Council
LOWE, JOHN, Highfield, Golborne.
LOWE, SARAH HANNAH, B.Sc., 1898; Lecturer, Edge Hill Training
College, Liverpool, 1899.
LOWE, WILLIAM, 257 Hindlay Road, Westhoughton.
LOWE, WM. H., 43 Torkington Street, Edgeley, Stockport.
LUMB, LIZZIE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Shade Council School, Todmorden;
Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
LUNN, FLORENCE, B.A., 1910; 9 Grandsmere Place, Halifax, Yorka.
LYTHGOE, NORMAN, 80 Bennetts Lane, Smithills, Bolton.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS in
MACALISTER, MARGARET WRIGHT, B.A., 1st class English, 1909; M.A.,
1910; 79 Belgrave Road, Darwen; Graduate Scholar, 1909.
MACKENZIE, DORIS S., 46 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester.
MAGUIRE, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Poole Secondary School, Dorset;
MAIDEN, JOSEPH P., A.M. Fielden Dem. School, Victoria Park,
MAINWARING, DOROTHY S., 83 Oxford Road, C.-on-M., Manchester.
MALTBY, SAMUEL EDWIN, B.A., 1901; M.A., 1905; A.M. Sidcot School,
Somerset; Ass. Lecturer and Demonstrator in Education, Manchester
University, 1907-10; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
MANOCK, CALLIROY, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1906; A.M. Secondary School,
MARK, H. THISELTON, B.Sc., 1898; Lecturer in Education, Man-
chester University ; Shuttle-worth Scholar, 1888 ; English Essay
English Essay Prize, Cobden, Club ; Gilchrist Travelling Student,
1897; M.A., London, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1897.
MARKSON, R., died 1899.
MARQUIS, FRED JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; Warden, The University Settle-
ment, Park Street, Liverpool, 1909 ; Mathematical Master, Burnley
Grammar School, 1906-8; Organising Secretary, N.H.R.U., 1908-9.
MARSDEN, DORA, B.A., 1903; Organiser, W.S.P.U., 1909; A.M. at P.T.
Centre, Colchester, 1904; A.M. at P.T. Centre and Preparatory
Classes, Altrincham, 1905-9.
MARSDEN, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1909; Lecturer,
Technical College, Huddersfield ; Lancashire C.C. Scholarship.
MARSH, MABEL EDITH, B.A., 1907; A.M. The Grammar School, Beau-
MARSHALL, FREDERICK WILLIAM DYSON, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Chem-
istry, 1905; M.Sc., 1907; B.A., Cambridge, 1910; A.M. Westminster
City School; A.M. Fielden Demonstration School, 1906-8; Teachers'
MARSHALL, HANNAH ETHEL, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Leigh
Grammar School, 1907 ; Leigh P.T. Centre, 1905-7.
MARSHALL, Jos. WM., B.Sc., 1898; A.M. Leighton House School,
Carnforth; Tutor R.C. Training College, Hull.
MARSHALL, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1906; A.M. Broughton
and Crumpsall High School for Girls, 1907; Scholarship for
Training at Maria Grey College.
MARSLAND, MARY KELSALL, B.A., 1895; M.A., 1904; Chief Mistress,
Stockport Municipal Secondary School ; Edge Hill Training College,
Liverpool, 1898-9 ; Ripon Training College, 1899-1902 ; Medallist in
Examination for Certificat D'Etudes, L'Universita de Greoioble;
ii2 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
Gilchrist Travelling Student 1896-7; Walters Modern Language
Scholarship; Samuel Robinson Prize; Teachers' Diploma, 1895.
MARSLAND, SARAH, Lome Terrace, Marple Bridge.
MARTIN, ARTHUR EDWARD C., B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Wesleyan Higher
Grade School, Oxford.
MARTIN, CHARLOTTE, Bellott Street, Cheetham, Manchester.
MASON, HARRY H., A.M. Lower Crumpsall Council School, Manchester.
MATHER, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. St. John's School, Cheetham,
MATHER, ISA H., 28 Machon Bank, Nettier Edge, Sheffield.
MATSON, JOSEPH, died 190^.
MATTHIAS, EMILY, B.A., 1905; Research Student in Education; A.M.
Potteries' P.T. Centre, Hanley, 1905-10.
MATTHIAS, EVELINE, 22 Snow Hill, Shelton, Stoke-on-Trent.
MATTHIAS, FLORENCE, A.M. The College, Pontypool.
MATTHIAS, SARAH, (now Mrs. H. F. Coward), B.A., 3rd class Hons.
History, 1908; M.A., 1909; 216 Plymouth Grove, Manchester.
McCoRMACH, LILY, Church Villa, Mellor, Marple Bridge.
MCDONALD, ANNIE JANE, B.A., 1895 ; Assist. Teacher under Manchester
Education Committee since 1907; Acting Principal, Bootle P.T.
Centre, October, 1906, to January, 1907.
McGAw, SAMUEL A., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Boulevard Municipal Secondary
MCGREGOR, FLORA E., 87 Oakfield Street, Altrincham.
McHowAT, ANNIE (now Mrs. W. H. Fraine), B.Sc., 1901; 141 North
Road, Clayton, Manchester.
MclNTYRE, CHARLES CAMPBELL, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Brookfield Council
School, Gorton, Manchester.
McLAiNE, HELEN MARGARET, B.A., 1908; Brabyns House, Marple;
Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
McLEOD, HUGH, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Frederick Road Council School,
MCNAMARA, JOHN, 176 Princess Road, Moss Side, Manchester.
MELLOR, HARRY ALLINSON, 61 James Street, Macclesfield ; Thos. U.
MELLOR, JESSIE M., Student, Education Department, Manchester.
MELLOR, LILY, B.A., 1910; A.M. Wellington Road School, Hanley.
MERCER, ALFRED, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; M.Sc., 1910;
A.M. Nelson School, Wigton, Cumberland.
MERCER, JENNY, 187 Downham Street, Blackburn; Robert C. Ratcliffe
MERRICK, JAMES, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Holy Trinity School, Blackley,
MEYER, JAS. HOLFORD, B.Sc., 1910; 28 Tavistock Road, Spa Road,
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 113
MIDDLEHURST, ADA E., 836 Ashton Old Rd., Hr. Openshaw, Manchester.
MIDDLETON, FLORENCE JANE, (now Bainbridge, Mrs)., B.A., 1902; 387
Manchester Road, Hollinwood.
MILLAR, Mrs. JOHN, see Steele, Lily.
MILLMAN, OLIVER JOHN, B.A., 1902; Missionary, Udayaqiri, Ganjam Dt,
India; Baptist Mission High School, affiliated to Calcutta Univer-
sity, Serampore, Bengal, India, 1903.
MILLROY, F. C. E., died 1902.
MILLS, CHARLES, deceased.
MITCHELL, HERBERT, Cemetery House, Cheadle, Cheshire.
MITCHELL, LILIAN, B.A., 1908; A.M. All Saints Girl's School, West
MITCHELL, MARY, Holmeleigh, Nunington Road, Sale.
MITCHELL, NELDIE, B.A., 1910; 107 Westbrook Street, Bolton.
MITCHELL, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1907; deceased.
MOLYNEUX, MAUDE M., 14 Plymouth Avenue, C.-on-M., Manchester.
MONCUR, JANET, 491 Chesterfield Road, Old Trafford.
MONTGOMERY, WALTER, 186 Hemsley Terrace, Clayton, Manchester.
MOORE, ARTHUR, 'Sharon,' Greenfield, nr. Oldham.
MOORE, FRED, 32 Wellington Street, Farnworth, nr. Bolton.
MOORE, JAMES HERBERT, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Technical School, Stockport,
MOORFIELD, BERTHA MIMA, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary School,
MORAN, FLORENCE, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Cavendish Street Girls' School,
All Saints, Manchester.
MORAN, MARGARET ELIZABETH, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, Ducie
Avenue Central School, Manchester.
MORGAN, ALDWYTH KATE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Chippenham District and
Technical School, 1907.
MORGAN, ANNIE, B.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Portsmouth,
MORLEY, Mrs. ; see Catherine Brown.
MORRIS, ALFRED, B.Sc., 1901; 1st class Chemistry, 1902; M.Sc., 1904;
A.M. Boys' Secondary School, Ipswich, 1906.
MORRIS, ANDREW, 154 St. George's Road, Bolton.
MORRIS, Mrs. ; see Bagshaw, Lilian.
MORRIS, HAROLD R., 28 Jackson Street, Gorton.
MORRIS, LUCY, (now Mrs. Storr Best), B.A., 2nd class History Tripos,
Cambridge; The Whitehouse, Ravenstone, Ashby de la Zouch ;
Teachers' Diploma, 1902.
MORRIS, TOM DUTTON, B.Sc., 1909; Bell-Baxter School, Cupar Fife,
MORSS, WILLIAM L., Inter. B.Sc.; Mytton Lodge, Whalley, Lanes.
MOSELEY, FRED., A.M. Christ Church School, Bradford, Manchester.
ii4 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
MOSELEY, JOHN, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St. Hilda's School, Old Trafford,
Moss, ALEXANDER, A.M. Christ Church Council School, Hulme,
Moss, EMILY A., 12 Wellington Street, Bradford, Manchester.
MUNGALL, MARY NEILL, B.A., 1909; 51 Seedley Park Road, Pendleton,
MUNRO, JAMES McViCAR, 138 Adelaide Street, Heywood.
MUSCOTT, ETHELREDA, B.A. ; A.M. County Secondary School, Hyde,
MYLES, THOS. H., M.A. Rebby-with-Wrea Endowed School, Wrea
NAYLOR, ALICE, B.Sc., 1903; 73 Castle Street, Bolton; Science Mistress,
Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1903-7.
NAYLOR, ERNEST BROOKS, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1897;
M.Sc., 1900; Hd. of Chemistry Department, Mining and Technical
College, Wigan, 1905; Lecturer in Chemistry, Technical School,
Wigan, 1902-5; London Matric., Hons.; F.C.S. ; A.I.C.
NAYLOR, HANNAH, B.Sc., 1908; 73 Castle Street, Bolton.
NEEDHAM, ELIZABETH, B.A., '2nd class Hons. English, 1900; M.A., 1903;
Assistant in Education Department, University of Manchester, 1910 ;
A.M. Ladybarn House School, Withington; Gilchrist Travelling
Student, 1904; Shakespeare Prize, 1899; Teachers' Diploma, 1901.
NEILL, MARY, B.A., 1907; A.M. Secondary School, Blackpool, 1907.
NELSON, GEORGE F., 95 Rochdale Road, Shaw, nr. Oldham.
NESSIS, BELLA, (now Mrs. Lobel), 297 Bury New Road, Hr. Broughton,
NEWBOLD, AUGUSTUS S., 23 Birley Street, nr. Bury.
NEWBOLD, J. T. W., B.A., 1909; A.M. Newtown School, Waterford,
Ireland; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
NEWNS, SAMUEL J., B.A., 1908; A.M. Technical Institute, Chippenham,
NEWTON, ADELAIDE ANN, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1903; A.M. Glossop
Secondary School, 1906.
NEWTON, C. V., A.M. Central School, Oswald Road, Chorlton-cum-
NEWTON, MARY H., A.M. Pupil Teachers' Centre, Weymouth, Dorset.
NIGHTINGALE, FLORENCE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Secondary
School, Millom, Cumberland, 1907.
NIGHTINGALE, THOMAS MARGINSON, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Municipal Second-
ary School, Bolton.
NOAN, CONSTANCE MADGE, B.A., 1908; A.M. Hr. Elementary School,
NOBLE, ANNIE., 299 Gidlow Lane, Wigan.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 115
NORCLIFFE, CLARA, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; Claremont, Lissom Grove,
Hale; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
NORRIS, Mrs., B.Sc., 1908; Lake View, Darwen; see Harrop, Dorothy.
NORRIS, SARAH, 130 Bradford Street, Hanlayh, Bolton.
NORTHROP, FRANK, B.A., 1893; H.M. Sub-Inspector of Schools; 120
Radcliffe Road, West Bridgford, Notts. ; Assistant Lecturer in
Education, University College of N. Wales, 18961900.
NORTHROP, JESSIE M., (now Mrs. Louis Oppenheimer), Inter. B.A, ; 28
Ellesmere Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester.
NOTT, ARTHUR, died 1893.
NUNN, FLORENCE, B.A., 1908; 91 Camp Street, Broughton, Manchester.
NUTTALL, ANNIE ROSE, 1st class Med. and Mod. Lang. Tripos, Camb. ;
M.A. Dublin; A.M. Manchester High School for Girls; Teachers'
Diploma, 1905, with distinction.
NTTTTALL, HENRY, B.Sc., 3rd class Chemistry, 1904; M.Sc., 1907; A.M.
Albion School, Ashton-under-Lyne ; Cheshire C.C. Scholar, 1901.
GATES, Mrs. HERBERT ; see Firth, Margaret Ami.
O'BRIEN, CORNELIUS J., 79 Whitby Road, Fallowfield.
ODDIE, EVELINE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Nelson Secondary
School and P.T. Centre, 1908.
OGDEN, JOHN HAINSWORTH, A.M. Roomfield Council School, Todmorden.
O'NEILL, Mrs. H. C. ; see Speakman, Elizabeth.
OPENSHAW, FRANK, Inter. B.Sc., 1898; A.M. Bradley School, Nelson.
OPPENHEIMER, Mrs. Louis; see Northrop, Jessie M.
ORMANDY, WALTER W., Inter. B.Sc.; died 1894.
ORMEROD, GRACE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Burgess Street Council School.
ORMROD, LUCY, 66 Bury New Road, The Haulgh, Bolton.
ORMROD, HARRIET NORA, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; Demonstrator, Dept.
of Education, The University, Manchester, and Fielden Dem.
ORMESHER, WILLIAM, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1909; A.M. County Secondary
School, Brandford, Dorset; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner.
ORR, JESSIE FARQUHAR, B.A., 1897 ; A.M. Bedford Moravian School for
Girls; Montmirail, near Neuchatel, 1905-6; Teachers' Diploma, 1901.
ORRELL, MABEL E., 39 St. Alban's Street, Rochdale.
ORRELL, WALTER W., B.Sc., 1895; A.M. Central School, Rochdale, 1898.
OSBALDESTON, WM. GILBERT, B.Sc., 1898; Teacher of Physics, Cheetham
Central School, Manchester, 1896.
OSBORNE, MURIEL, 132 Shaw Heath, Stockport.
OULTON, LLEWELLIN, B.Sc., 1908; Warmingham, Crewe.
OWENS, DORA, B.A., 1910 ; 88 Gt. Clowes Street, Broughton, Manchester.
PAINE, FRANCES E., A.M. North Grecian Street Council School,
PAITON, LAURA LEAH, B.A., 1909; 1 Bradford Street, Haulgh, Bolton.
ii6 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
PALMER, OLIVE, 20 West Hill Koad, Wandsworth, Teachers' Diploma,
PARISH, JESSIE M., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1909; M.A., 1910;
A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Bootle; Graduate Scholar; Teachers'
PARK, EDWARD CHARLES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Boys' Council School,
Pontllanfraith, near Newport, Monmouth.
PARKER, AGNES, B.A., 1903; 11 Kenilworth Avenue, West Didsbury;
Student in France, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
PARKER, GEORGE HENRY, B.A., 1896; Principal, Scott Christian College,
Nugercoil, Travancore, South India, since 1900 ; Principal, Lancashire
College Settlement, 1898-1900 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1900.
PARKER, IRENE, B.A., 1903; Tutor, Secondary Students' Convent,
Liverpool; Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1908-9.
PARKER, JAMES, 1 Ball Street, Oldham.
PARKER, MARY J., 31 Murrell Hill, Carlisle.
PARKER, WALTER T., B.A., 1908; A.M. Howard Gardens M.S. School,
PARKES, MARGERY MOYLE, B.A., 1910 ; Principal, Girls' Boarding School,
Point Pedro, Ceylon.
PARKES, Mrs. S. ; see Corson, Hilda.
PARKIN, AMY BEATRICE, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Victoria High School,
PARKIN, MARY W., 31 Longford Place, Victoria Park, Manchester.
PARKINSON, ELIZABETH, 10 Lily Street, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester.
PARKINSON, SARAH A.
PARKINSON, THOS. WM. FARADAY, B.Sc., 1895; M.Sc., 1904; A.M.
Municipal Secondary School, Manchester; Vice -Chairman, Geo-
graphical Society, Manchester Branch, 1909-10 ; Lecturer in Summer
School of Geography, Oxford, 1910.
PARTINGTON, JAMES R., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1909; 52
Eustace Street, Bolton ; Research Student, Manchester University ;
Beyer Fellowship, 1910 ; Graduate Scholarship, 1909.
PARTINGTON, WINIFRED, "Westgate," Lostock Park, Bolton.
PATCHETT, JOSEPH L., B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Stanley Grove Council School,
PATTERSON, ROSA. 2nd class Math. Tripos (Cambridge) ; M.A. (Dublin) ;
Hd.M. High School for Girls, Eccles Old Road, Pendleton ; Teachers'
PATTRIEOUEX, FLORENCE (now Mrs. F. J. W. Rycroft), B.A., 1899;
Woodlands House, Cheetham Hill, Manchester; A.M. Cheetham
Higher Elementary School, Manchester.
PAULL, MARGARET CAROLINE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages,
1907; M.A., 1909; The London Mission, Hankow, China; A.M.
High School for Girls, Manchester, 1908-10; Diploma, 1908.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 117
PEARCE, ANNIE E., Resthaven, Lansdowne Boad, West Didsbury,
PEARSALL, WM. H., School House, Dalton-in-Furness.
PEARSON, DAVID, B.A., 1908; A.M. Ripon School, Ripon, Yorkshire.
PEARSON, KATIE M., 133 Monton Road, Eccles.
PEARSON, OLIVE M., 10 Talbot Road, Withington, Manchester.
PEDDAR, ETHEL MAY, 40 St. Hilda's Road, Old Trafford, Manchester.
PEEL, SELINA, B.Sc., 1902; Teaching at a Mission School in Hsiao Chang
under the London Missionary Society; A.M. Whitworth Street
Secondary School, Manchester, 1903-6 ; Dora Muir Entrance Scholar-
PENDLEBURY, JAMES W., Police Station, Cark-in-Cartmel.
PENNEY, ELIZABETH, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1909; M.A., 1910;
A.M. Secondary Girls' School, York; Diploma (1st class), 1910.
PENNJNGTON, DONALD, 366 Limefield, Bury.
PENNINGTON, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Grammar School, Hindley,
PEPPER, MARGARET CLAYTON, B.Sc., 1900; Lecturer, Domestic Training
College, West Hampstead, London, 1908 ; Lecturer in Science and
Mathematics, Home and Colonial Training College, Wood Green,
PERKINS, HENRY, B.Sc., 1897; Hd.M. Secondary School, Workington,
1901; Hegginbottom Scholarship; Inter. B.A. (London).
PETFORD, IDA WINIFRED, B.A., 1909; A.M. Girls' Grammar School,
PEWTRESS, ALFRED W., 15 Bacup Road, Rawtenstall.
PHILLIPS, JAMES 0. R., B.Sc., 1910; 15a Crumpsall Lane, Crumpsall,
PICKFORD, GEORGE HYDE, B.A., 1894; Classical and English Master at
P.T. Centre, Carlton Street, Bradford, 1900; Lancashire C.C.
Scholarship ; Seaton Entrance Exhibitioner, 1891 ; John Bright
Scholar; Shuttleworth Scholar,' 1894; Cobden Club Prizeman;
Samuel Robinson Prizeman.
PICKLES, EDITH ALICE, 11 Cambridge Street, Hebden Bridge; Hepton-
PICKLES, EDNA G., Garnett House, Platt Bridge, Wigan.
PICKUP, EMILY M. A., B.A., 1909; 21 Snowdon Road, Eccles.
PICTON, GRACE ETHEL, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Leigh Grammar School.;
Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
PILCHER, HERBERT, A.M. Southchurch Hall School, Southend-on-Sea ;
PINDER, THOMAS S., 10 Grosvenor Street, Newton Heath, Manchester.
PLATT, JAMES C., B.Sc., 1910; Hill Crest, Deep Cutting, Royton, near
n8 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
PLATT, J. CLEMENT, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics; Hill Crest, Deep
Cutting, Royton, near Oldham.
PLATT, BEVIS, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics; Ivy Cottage, Eaves Lane,
Hollinwood, near Oldham.
POLLITT, FRANK H., 29 Esmond Eoad, Cheetham Hill, Manchester.
POLLITT, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1896; Lecturer, Tottenham Polytechnic, London,
E.G., and Senior Science Master, Tottenham Secondary School;
POPPLE, LILIAN (now Mrs. Jerry Whitehead), B.A., 1905; Holly House,
Bloomsbury Lane, Timperley; A.M. Bury Grammar School for Girls,
PORTER, EMILY, North Carlton, Worksop.
PORTER, MARY ALICE, B.A., 1906; Form Mistress, Secondary School,
POTTS, ELLA, B.A., 1909; A.M. Ashton Old Eoad Municipal School,
POWELL, ARTHUR L., 209 Princess Road, Moss Side, Manchester.
POWELL, EDWARD L., A.M. St. Paul's School, Adelaide Street, Crewe.
POWELL, OLIVE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. Municipal Secondary
POWICKE, AGNES EVA, B.A., 1906; A.M. Notre Dame School, Blackburn;
Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
POWNALL, ROSE, B.A., 1909; Briarfield, Wilbraham Road, Chorlton-cum-
PRICE, ETHEL NORAH, B.A., 1907; 74 Demesne Road, Manchester, S.W. ;
Teachers' Diploma, 1908.
PRIESTNALL, JOHN, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1907; A.M. Secondary School,
Rochdale; Lecturer in Practical Mathematics, Rochdale Technical
PRIESTNALL, Mrs. ; see Cliff, Rose G.
PRIOR, THEODORA, B.Sc., 1902; Mathematical Mistress, Bangor County
School for Girls, 1907; Wynthrop College, Ashton-on-Mersey, 1905;
Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1899; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
QUASS, ALMA EMMA, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. High School for Girls, Whalley
QUALYE, ALICE, 31 Corporation Street, Hyde.
QUAYLE, GLADYS E., Bel wart, Urmston.
QUAYLE, MARK, Kirkmichael, Isle of Man.
RACE, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1895; A.M. Cheetham Higher Elementary School,
RADFORD, ELIZABETH, 195 Stamford Street, Brooks's Bar, Manchester.
RALPHS, ARNOLD LEE, Brookside, Manchester Road, Westhoughton.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 119
BAMSBOTTOM, SARAH ISABEL, B.A., 1905; A.M. Poole Secondary School
and P.T. Centre, 1907.
EAMSDEN, AGNES, B.A., 1902; A.M. Low Digbys School, Sherborne,
RAMSDEN, ANNIE, B.A., 1906; A.M. Johnston Secondary School, Durham;
Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
RANDALL, ARTHUR, 15 Brentwood, Pendletooi, Manchester.
RANDLES, JOSEPH, B.A., 1903; A.M. Chorley Secondary School.
RATCLIFFE, LILLIAN MARY, B.A., 1909; 83 High Street, Golborne.
RAWSTHORN, REGD. BROMLEY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905;
M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Secondary School and P.T. Centre, Blackpool.
RAYNER, THOMAS HUDSON, B.Sc., 1893; Hd.M. Beeford School, Driffield,
East Riding Yorkshire, 1901; Hd.M. Skidby Church of England
School, Hull; 1895-1897; Hd.M. North Frodingham Church of
England School, Driffield, 1897-01.
REA, CATHERINE, B.A., 1905 ; 39 Avon Road, Hale, Cheshire.
REDFEARN, ELSIE MARY,, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1905; M.A.,
1907; A.M. Girls' County Secondary School, Penrith; Teachers'
REDFERN, HERBERT STANLEY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Engineering; M.Sc.,
1905; Head of English Methodist College, Ningpo, China; Teachers'
REDFEARN, ROBERT, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Plymouth Grove Council School,
REDFERN, WALTER, Emergency Teacher, Cheshire C.C., Chester.
REED, AGNES, B.Sc., 1909; Hartbrown Lane, Stockton-on-Tees.
REES, CALEB, B.A. (Univ. of Wales) ; Assistant Lecturer in Education,
University College of South Wales, Cardiff; Withers Prize;
Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
REGAN, MARGARET M. (now Mrs. Oliver Herford), B.A., 1896; 57
Washington Place, New York City, U.S.A.; Hd.M. Deal Street
Special Schools, London, 1898; Diploma, 1897.
REID, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1900; Student in Faculty of Medicine, Univer-
sity of Manchester.
REID, ANNIE M., Hd.M. Green Bank Council School, Rochdale.
REID, MARY, B.A., 1901 ; A.M. Whalley Range High School, Manchester.
REYNOLDS, HILDA M., 5 Birch Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester.
REYNOLDS, MARY, B.A., 2nd class Hons. English, 1903 M.A., 1906;
English Mistress, St. Felix School, South wold, Suffolk, 1906 ; Shake-
peare Scholarship, 1902; Diploma, 1905.
RHODES EDGAR SWAIN, B.Sc., 1901; H.M. Stonefield Boys* Council
School, Bilston, Staffs., 1906.
RHODES, JOHN EDGAR, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1909; A.M. Merton House
School, Peoimaenmawr ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
120 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
RICHARDS, RAYMOND S., 1 Nithsdale Terrace, Egerton Road, Worsley.
RICHARDSON, ELIZABETH A., 4 Scarsdale Street, Pendleton, Manchester.
RICHMOND, ETHEL, A.M. Holland Street Municipal School, Manchester.
RICKLETON, BEATRICE, 20 Livingstone Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
RIDING, GEORGE A., B.A., 1909; 12 Olive Place, Penarth, Glamorgan.
RIGBY, JOE, B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1904; A.M. West Ham Secondary
School, Stratford, London; Harling Scholar.
RIGG, GEORGE H., A.M. Queen Street Seminary, Farnworth, Bolton.
RILEY, HANNAH, 62 Rushford Street, Longsight, Manchester.
RILEY, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1901; Science Master, Ferndale Secondary School,
Glamorgan, 1904; deceased.
RILEY, JOSEPH WILLIE, B.Sc., 1906; Nelson Street, Wigton, Cumberland ;
A.M. Akroyd Place School, Halifax, 1906.
RILEY, MARY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; % Queen's Terrace, Hudson
Street, Altrincham; Student, Botany Department, University of
RIMMER, TRAVIS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1903; M.Sc., 1907;
c/o Colonial Secretary, Suwa, Fiji; Research work at the Kew
Observatory and Meteorological Office, London, 1907 ; Resident
Observer in charge of the Howard Estate Meteorological Observa-
tory of the University, 1908; 1851 Exhibition Scholarship, 1905.
ROACH, JAS. L., A.M. St. Wooles School, Newport, Monmouth.
ROBERTS, ELEANOR MAUD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1896; M.A.,
1899; A.M. Thoresby High School, Leeds; Teachers' Diploma, 1899.
ROBERTS, LIZZIE;, Coburg Cottage, Adlington, Lanes.
ROBERTS, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. High School, North Berwick,
ROBERTSON, DAVID T. S., B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Presbyterian School,
Wigan; A.M. Potsdam School, Malvern, Jamaica.
ROBERTSON, HANNAH L. D., 3 Cheetham Place, Cheetham Hill, Man-
ROBERTSON, JANE CUMMINGS, B.A., 1901 ; 14 Park Avenue, Longsight,
ROBINSON, ARTHUR S., Low Ackworth, Pontefract.
ROBINSON, CATHERINE, A.M. Whalley Range High School, Manchester.
ROBINSON, EDITH ANNIE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Ashton-in-
Makerfield Grammar School, since 1906; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
ROBINSON, ETHEL H. FRANCES, B.A., 1902; A.M. P.T. Centre, Leyton-
stone, Essex, since 1904.
ROBINSON, Mrs. H. A. ; see Wood, Edith G.
ROBINSON, JOHN 0., A.M. Hewitt Street School, Manchester.
ROBINSON, RONA, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; M.Sc., 1907;
Organiser W.S.P.U., 1909; Science Mistress at the Altrincham
P.T. Centre, 1905-9; Dora Muir Entrance Scholarship, 1902;
Mercer Scholarship, 1905 ; Leblanc Medal, 1905.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 121
ROBISON, LIONEL McD., B.A., 1908 ; A.M. Government Training College.
Colombo, Ceylon; Fielden Demonstration School, 1908-9.
ROBSON, ERNEST SMITH AWMACK, B.Sc., 1895; M.Sc., 1898; Hd.M.
Technical Institute and Secondary School, Warrington ; Assistant
Lecturer in Physics and Electrical Engineering, Royal Technical
Institute, Salford, 1897; Seaton Exhibitioner; A.I.E.E.
ROCK, FREDK. BOTJLD, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; A.M. Ranelagh School,
RODGERS, EDITH, 85 St. Stephen's Street, Salford.
ROGERS, HARRIET CHORLTON ( , B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Ardwick
Central School, Manchester.
ROGERS, JAMES, 4 Beaumont Street, Todmorden ; Heptonstall Foundation
ROPER, REGINALD EDWARD, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1896 ; M.A.,
1899; A.M. Eton College, Windsor; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
ROSCOE, ERNEST, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. John's School, Miles Platting.
ROSCOE, Mrs. FRANK; see Davies, Margaret E.
ROSCOE, JESSIE, B.A., 1903; Cambridge Teachers' Certificate, 1906;
Mistress of Method and Lecturer in French, Bristol Diocesan
ROSE, AGNES L., B.Sc., 1910; 27 Trafalgar Road, Wigan.
ROSE, MABEL, B.A., 1910; 100 Grenville Street, Stockport.
ROSE, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, B.A., 1894; Hd.M. Mall Council School,
Brading, Isle of Wight, 1899.
ROSSINGTON, Mrs. H. J. ; see Hayhurst, Florence.
ROSTRON, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1895; Director of Education, Farnworth,
Lanes., 1905; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1896-1905.
ROTHWELL, GEORGE G., B.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Municipal Secondary
ROTHWELL, HAROLD, 34 Bolton Road, Farnworth, Bolton.
ROUND, CECIL, 1 Poplar Avenue, Blackpool.
ROWBOTHAM, ALBERT, 107 Great Cheetham Street West, Broughton,
ROWLANDSON, ROBERT, Inter. B.A., 1898; A.M. Christ Church School,
Hope Street, Salford.
ROYDS, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1906; M.Sc., 1907;
Student, Tubingen University, Germany ; Research Student in the
University, 1906-8; Heginbottom Scholarship, 1904; Graduate
Scholarship in Physics, 1906; National Scholarship, 1906; National
1851 Exhibition Scholarship, 1908; Beyer Fellowship, 1907.
ROYLE, FLORENCE WEST, B.A., 1909 ; 76 Wigan Road, Hindley
RTJSSELL, EPHRAIM, B.Sc., 1901; B.A., 1903; Principal, Verdin Technical
School, Winsford, Cheshire, 1904.
RUTTER, GEORGE, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; Hulme Hall
Entrance Scholarship; Woodiwis Exhibitioner; died 1908.
122 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
RUTTER, MARION, 98 Castle Road, Hanlgh, Bolton.
RYCROFT, Mrs. ; see Pattrieouex, Florence.
SAILMAN, FRANCES R. M., B.A., Hons. Modern Language, 1908; M.A.,
1909; A.M. Barrhill Secondary School, Coventry.
SAMPLE, JOHN A., B.A., 1894; A.M. Cheetham Higher Grade School,
1899; died 1904.
SANDERSON, ARTHUR RUFUS, Inter. B.Sc. ; 1 Grove Terrace, Burnley
SANDIFORD, MARY, B.A., 1909; A.M. Girls' County Secondary School,
Camborne, Cornwall; Diploma, 1909.
SANDIFORD, PETER, B.Sc., 1904; B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1905;
M.Sc., 1907; Lecturer and Tutor in Education, University of Man-
chester ; Assistant Lecturer in Education, University of Manchester,
1906-8 ; Tutor in Education, Teachers' College, Columbia University,
1909-10 ; Mackie Memorial Scholarship, 1901 ; Derbyshire County
Major Scholarship, 1901; University Scholarship, 1905; Fellow of
Teachers' College, Columbia University, U.S.A., 1908-9; Ph.D.
(Columbia University), 1910.
SANKEY, WILLIAM H., 27 Egerton Road, Withington, Manchester.
SARGEANT, FRANK, 25 Hammond Street, Bolton.
SARGENT, ELSIE KATHERINE, B.A., 1908 ; M.A., 1910 ; A.M. Girls' County
School, Brecon; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
SARGENT, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1901, A.M. Birley Street Central School,
SARGINSON, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Higher Grade School, Carlisle;
Westmoreland C.C. Scholarship.
SANDERSON, CONSTANCE MARGARET, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, North-
wich High School for Girls, since 1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
SAUNDERSON, FRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Huntsman's Gardens Council
SAUNSBURY, ROBT., B.Sc., 1900; M.Sc., 1903; A.M. Ducie Avenue
Central School, Manchester.
SAXON, ROBERT 1 ., B.Sc., 1896; Demonstrator, Belle Vue Secondary
School, Bradford, 1897 ; Teacher of Physics under Bradford School
SCHOLES, MARGARET KERSHAW, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; 77 Pitt Street,
SCHOLFIELD, ALFRED L., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Chaucer Road Senior Boys'
SCHULZE, DOUGLAS GORDON, M.A., 2nd Classical Mods. ; 2ndLitt. Hum. ;
Classical Postmaster, Merton College, Oxford; A.M. Uppingham
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
SEARLE, MILTON M., 4 Gordon Street, Rusholme, Manchester.
SEDDON, FRED, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Halton Bank Council School,
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 123
SHACKLETON, RUTH G., 2 New Hall Cottages, Fairfield, Manchester.
SHACKLETON, WALTER, 141 Ashton Old Road, Openshaw, Manchester.
SHALLIS, ETHEL, Whitefield Bank, Heaton Norris, Stockport.
SHARP, ANNIE E., Brundrigg, Brook Street, Ossett, Yorkshire.
SHATWELL, HUGH G., 39 City Road, Higher Openshaw, Manchester.
SHAW, DANIEL T., B.Sc., 1902; Second Master, Technical School, Hyde.
SHAW, HARRIETT, A.M. Waterloo Road Council School, to 1909;
SHAW, JAMES, Godley Green, Gee Cross, Hyde, Cheshire.
SHAW, MARION, 51 Lunn Street, Hyde.
SHAW, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Oswald Road Central School,
SHAW. WILLIAM, 157 Wiltons Lane, Bolton.
SHEARMAN, BERTHA (now Mrs. Wood), B.Sc., 1904; 30 Penelope Road,
Pendleton, Manchester; formerly A.M. North Grecian Street Council
SHEFFIELD, JOHN ROBERT, Malkins Bank, near Sandbach.
SHELDON, ADA, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; New Hay, Kettleshulme,
SHEPHARD, RUTH MARY, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; History Mistress,
Northwood College, London.
SHEPHERD, KATHLEEN ALICE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages,
1909; M.A. 1910; 6 Cavendish Grove, Eccles; Diploma, 1910.
SHEPPARD, ARTHUR, Hd.M. Cheadle C. of E. School, Cheadle, Cheshire.
SIDDALL, FREDERICK, 45 Henley Road, Upper Edmonton, London, W.
SILVERSTONE, MAURICE, B.A., 1909; A.M. Southall Street Municipal
School, Cheetham, Manchester.
SIMPSON, FANNY, B.A., 1910; Nimble Nook, Hollinwood.
SIMPSON, FRANCES E., B.A., 1909; Warrington Road, Altrincham.
SIMPSON, MARY, Nimble Nook, Hollinwood, near Manchester.
SIMPSON, ROBERT, B.A., 1906; A.M. Moston Lane Council School,
SINGLE, ANNIE, 1 Gore Street, Greenheys, Manchester.
SINGLETON, FRANK C., B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1910; 94 Man-
chester Road, Warrington.
SINKINSON, JAMES H., Inter, B.Sc. ; Clerk to the Guardians, Haslingden
Union; M.A. (T.C.D.).
SINKINSON, Mrs. ; see Taylor, Mary K.
SKEMP, Mrs. A. R. ; see Clarkson, Jessie Dewrance.
SKINNER, Mrs. EDMUND B. ; see Horsfall, Dorothy.
SLATER, WINIFRED, M.A. (Dublin) ; 1st class Classical Tripos (Cam-
bridge) ; Hd.M. Paddington High School for Girls; Teachers'
SMALLWOOD, JAMES, A.M. British Boys' School, Warrington.
SMETHURST, ANNIE, A.M. Hathershaw Council School, Oldham.
124 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
SMETHURST, ARTHUR, 10 Emerald Street, Bolton.
SMITH, ANNIE, 445 Didsbury Road, Heaton Mersey, Manchester.
SMITH, FOSTER, B.Sc., 1896; Lecturer in Physics, Royal Technical
SMITH, FRANK (1), B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
SMITH, FRANK (2), B.Sc., 1906; B.A., 1907; Research Student,
Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1910; A.M. Municipal Secondary
School, West Bromwich, 1907; Cheshire C.C. Exhibitioner, 1903;
SMITH, FRANK W., Inter. B.Sc., 1901 ; A.M. Central High School, Leeds.
SMITH, GEORGE F., (Rev.), B.Sc., 1904; Curate of St. Paul's Church,
Tranmere, Chester ; Junior Science Master, Leeds Church Middle
Class School, 1904-5; Ordained Deacon 1906.
SMITH, JAMES HENRY, B.A., 1893; A.M. Ordsall Council School, Salford.
SMITH, JENNIE JARDINE, B.Sc., 1909; 297 Preston New Road, Blackburn.
SMITH, KENNETH, 81 Petersburg Road, Edgeley, Stockport.
SMITH, MABEL, A.M. Infants' Department, Southall Street School,
SMITH, MARGARET ANN, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1909; A.M. Technical
Institute, Norwich, 1907.
SMITH, MARY, B.A., 1910; 81 Steven Street, Stretford.
SMITH, MAUD, Lower Fold, Marple.
SMITH, MAY (1) (now Tracey, Mrs.), Brookfield, Harboro Road, Ashton-
SMITH, MAY (2), B.A., 1903; M.A., 1909; Lecturer in Education,
Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1905; Mistress, College House School,
Brunswick Street, Manchester, 1903-5; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
SMITH, QUINTON L., B.A., 1910; 77 Davenport Street, Bolton.
SMITH, ROBINA BISSET, Chester Square, Ashton-under-Lyne ; Teachers'
SMITH, THOMAS, A.M. Pike's Lane Council School, Bolton.
SMITH, WILLIAM, B.A., 1900; B.Sc., 1899; A.M. Potteries P.T.
Centre, 1900; English Essay Prizeman; Teachers' Diploma, 1900;
SNAPE, NELLIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Botany, 1907; M.Sc., 1908;
4 King Street, Harpurhey, Manchester ; Research Student in
SNELSON, LAURA J., Hanging Gate, Rushton, near Macclesfield
SOUTH, ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1990; M.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Stockport
SOUTHERST, DORA, B.A., 1907; A.M. Hindley and Abram Grammar
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 125
SOWERBUTTS, HILDA, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; Kavenswing, Mellor, near
SPEARMAN, ELIZABETH (now Mrs. Herbert C. O'Neill), B.A., 1st class
Hons. History, 1900; M.A., 1903; 2 Queen Anne Gardens, Bedford
Park, London, W. ; Assistant Lecturer in History in University of
Manchester, 1904-6 ; University Scholarship in History, 1900 ;
Bradford History Scholarship, 1899 ; University Fellow, 1901 ;
Jones Fellowship, 1902.
SPEARMAN, ETHEL, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Northwood, Higher Crump-
sail, Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1909.
SPENCER, MARY, Prospect House, Luddendenfoot, R.S.O., Yorkshire.
STAFFORD, ETHEL, B.A., 1906; A.M. Tiffin's Girls' School, Kingston-on-
STAFFORD, FRANCIS J., 3 Orchid Street, Harpurhey, Manchester; Hulme
Hall Entrance Scholarship.
STANSFIELD CHAS. S., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; Hd.M. Holy Trinity School,
STANSFIELD, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1898; Hd.M. Park Road School, Batley ; and
Lecturer in Commercial Geography, Technical School, Batley ;
Lecturer in the Pupil Teachers' Centre, 1898-1900.
START, LAURA EMILY, Lecturer, Education Department, Manchester
University, and Examiner to Board of Educational Handwork,
London ; Ferienkursus at Jena taught English course 1905 ; Herbert
Birley Scholarship ; Government Certificate, 1st class ; Art Class
Teachers' Certificate; Third Grade Prizeman S.K., other Art
Exams.; Member of Moseley Commission to U.S.A., 1907.
STEELE, LILY HENLY (now Millar, Mrs. John), Forres, Hafod Road,
STEPHENS, MABEL WINIFRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Lees Street Council
School, Higher Openshaw, 1907.
STEPHENSON, ROBT. IRWIN, B.A., 1900; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central
School, Manchester, 1896.
STEVENS, ROBERT HENRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Municipal Technical
STEVENSON, ELSIE CAROLINE, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Secondary School,
Todmorden, 1903; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
STEVENSON, MAUD WORSLEY, B.A., 1906; A.M. Bath City Secondary
STEVENSON, MAUDE, Mount Olivet, Lydgate, Todmorden.
STEVENSON, ROSE EVELYN, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Secondary School for Girls,
Sowerby Bridge, 1906; West Riding C.C. Scholarship, 1903;
Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
STEWARD, LOUISE, Lane Ends, Marple Bridge.
STEWART, CHARLOTTE MAY, 42 Hugh Oldham Drive, Broughton, Man-
126 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
STIRLAND, JOHN, 10 Longmead Road, Pendleton, Manchester.
STIRLING, ANNIE, 23 Bellott Street, Cheetham, Manchester.
STOCKS, WINIFRED ALICE, B. A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1906 ; M. A., 1907 ;
A.M. Pen Rhos College, Colwyn Bay, since 1907 ; Hulme Entrance
Scholarship, 1903; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
STOCKTON, CHARLES EDWARD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages,
1903; M.A., 1907; Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in Education,
Manchester University ; Assistant in Department of Education,
Manchester University, 1906-7; Mill Hill School, 1907-8; Lan-
cashire County Council Commercial Scholarship, 1900; Samuel
Robinson Prizeman, 1902 ; Teachers' Diploma, I., 1906.
STONE, EDITH A., South Elkington.
STONE, GERTRUDE, B.A., 1901; English Teacher, Chorley Technical
STORY, JEANIE D., 22 Alexandra Road, Moss Side, Manchester.
STOTT, ALICE ELIZABETH, B.A., 1896; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
STOTT, AMY JANE, 9 Bromwich Street, Bolton.
STREET, CONSTANCE, 14 Lime Grove, Oxford Road, Manchester.
STRINGER, ALBERT EDWARD, B.Sc. 1900; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton-
STRINGER, WM., B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Melrose School, Guernsey, 1906.
STRUTHERS, WM. H., 5 Heathfield Avenue, Crewe.
SUDDARDS, IDA, 99 Spencer Place, Leeds ; Special Student, Education
Department, Manchester, 1910-11.
SUMNER, ERNEST JOHNSON, B.Sc. 1900; A.M. Grammar School, Burnley.
SUTCLIFFE, ALBERT 0., B.Sc., 1910; 64 Willows Lane, Accrington.
SUTCLIFFE, HENRY, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Coal Clough School, Burnley.
SUTHERS, NELLIE, 193 Stamford Street, Brooks's Bar, Manchester.
SWAINE, ELSIE NEWTON, 62, Liverpool Road, Warrington.
SWANN, NELLIE, Fernlea, Leyland Lane, Leyland, Preston.
SWALLOW, GEORGE H., B.Sc., 1910; 117 Shuttle Street, Tyldesley,
SWITHENBANK, DORA (now Mrs. Green), B.A., 1903 ; Beech Avenue, Langley
Lane, Northenden; Form Mistress, Salford Municipal Secondary
SYERS, ANNIE G., Rose Hill Cottage, Bowdon.
SYKES, ALBERT, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bolton,
TALBOT, MAUD, B.A., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School for Girls,
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 127
TAYLOR, ALBERT, B.Sc., 1910; 56 Countess Koad, Stockport.
TAYLOR, CLARA (now Mrs. Dean), 38 Wath Street, Sharrow, Sheffield.
TAYLOR, EDITH, 129 North Road, Clayton, Manchester.
TAYLOR, EMILY HOWSON, B.A., 1st class Modern Languages, 1905; M.A.,
1906; A.M. Pendleton High School, 1908; University Scholarship,
1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
TAYLOR, ETHEL, 63 Oxford Eoad, Macclesfield.
TAYLOR, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Whit-
worth Street, Manchester.
TAYLOR, GEORGE F.
TAYLOR, GEORGE WILLIAM^ B.Sc., 1897; Hope Villas, Middleton;
Accountant and Private Tutor, 1900.
TAYLOR, LYDIA, B.A., 1894; M.A., 1898; Hd.M. Girls' Secondary School,
JBootle ; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class, 1910.
TAYLOR, MABEL ALICE, B.Sc., 1910; Scowcroft House, Hindley Green,
TAYLOR, MARY H., B.A., 1900; 217 Upper Dale Road, Derby.
TAYLOR, SARAH, B.Sc., 1910; 132 Brougham Street, Burnley.
TEGGIN, LUCY, Hd.M. Seymour Road Municipal School, Clayton, Man-
TELFER, JAMES, B.Sc., 1901; 53 Whalley New Road, Blackburn.
THOMASSON, ELIZABETH ANN, B.A., 1904; A.M. Grammar School,
THOMASSON, EMILY, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Lees Street Municipal School,
THOMPSON, DORIS, 22 King Street East, Rochdale.
THOMPSON, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1902; 7 Mayfield Road, Whalley Range,
Manchester ; Teachers' Diploma, 1903.
THOMPSON, JACOB, Inter. B.A., 1902; County Education Office, Chester.
THOMPSON, MURIEL, B.Sc., 1st class Chemistry, 1906; M.Sc., 1907; A.M.
Milham Ford School, Oxford, 1908 ; Student, Cherwell Hall, Oxford,
1906; Grace Calvert Entrance Scholarship, 1903; Cambridge
Secondary Teachers' Diploma (with distinction), 1907.
THORLEY, STANLEY W., A.M. Leesfield Church School, Lees, Oldham.
THORLEY, HILDA, A.M. Wellington Street Council School, Salford.
THORNLEY, FRANK, B.A., 1907; A.M. Boulevard Municipal Secondary
THORNTON, ARTHUR LAMBERT, B.Sc., 1894; Junior Inspector, Board of
Education; formerly A.M. Central Higher Grade School, Bolton.
THORPE, HAROLD K. K., B.A., 1902; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
TILLEY, EVA M., 2 Whitby Avenue, Whitby Road, Fallowfield, Man-
128 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
TIMPANY, HAROLD MUNKMAN, B.Sc., 1899; M.Sc., 1902; Principal,
Technical Schools, Shrewsbury, 1902; Cambridge Teachers' Certi-
TOMLINSON, HUBERT, Hoghton, Preston.
TOMLINSON, WM. H., Boothfold, Waterfoot, Manchester.
TOMLINSON, MAURICE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1907; 125 Haslingden Old
Road, Rawtenstall, Lanes.
TONGE, WILLIAM, 49 Moreton Street, Chadderton, Oldham.
TOPHAM, LEONARD WEST, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; Spring Bank,
Worsley Lane, Swinton.
TOPPING, ELIZABETH, Well Flat View, Murrell Hill, Carlisle.
TOWERS, JOHN ARNOLD, Davenham, Norwich; Cheshire C.C. Scholar.
TRACY, Mrs. ; see Smith, May.
TROTT, HERBERT ALFRED, B.A., 1893; A.M. St. John's School, Altrin-
cham; Hd.M. Welton Parochial School, nr. Lincoln, 1902-5.
TUCKER, BASIL, Lecturer, St. Chad's Theological College, Durham.
TUNNICLIFFE, BERNARD, 98 Common Road, Church Gresley, Burton-on-
TUNSTALL, JOHN, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Varna Street School, Manchester.
TURNER, HARRY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary
TURNER, WINIFRED, Victoria Terrace, Newton Moor, Hyde.
TWISSE, SARAH, B.A., 1904; A.M. Bolton Secondary School, 1905.
TYSON, TOM, 32 Arrowsmith Terrace, Bolton.
UNDERWOOD, JOHN M., 185 Windsor Road, Oldham.
VARLEY, BENJAMIN, B.A., 1910; A.M. Union Chapel Council School,
VARLEY, RUSSELL, 567 Market Street, Whitworth, nr. Rochdale.
VICKERS, WILFRID, 73 Brownlow Road, Horwich, Bolton.
VINER, MARY (now Mrs. Claydon), B.A., 1907; 411 Park Road,
WADDINGTON, DOROTHY, B. A., 1904; Form Mistress, Municipal Secondary
WADDINGTON, MARIE E., 103 Park View, Newtown, Wigan.
WADDINGTON, WM. W., 266 Rishton Lane, Great Lever, Bolton.
WADSWORTH, AMY, B.A., 1905; A.M. Waterloo Secondary School,
WADSWORTH, NELLIE, Ferncliffe, Gore Crescent, Pendleton, Manchester.
WAITE, DOROTHY H., Student, University of Manchester.
WAITE, HAROLD H., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Cheetham Central School,
WAITE, HAROLD, Inter. B.Sc. ; 19 Prince George Street, Oldham.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 129
WAKEFIELD, FLORRIE, 196 Mottram Road, Godley, Hyde.
WALFORD, DORA, 112 Monmouth Street, Rusholme, Manchester; formerly
A.M. at Fielden Demonstration School.
WALKER, EDGAR C., Inter. B.Sc.; A.M. Borough School, Crewe.
WALKER, LILIAN MARY, A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bury.
WALKER, WILLIAM, B.A., 1896; M.A., 1908; Lecturer, Birbeck College,
London; A.M. Secondary School, Accrington, 1905-8 1st in
Hons. London Matric. ; B.Sc., London, 1906.
WALMSLEY, GEORGE JAMES, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Mathematics; M.Sc.,
1909; A.M. Ashbourne Grammar School, Derbyshire; Teachers'
WALMSLEY, WILLIAM A., B.Sc., 1910; Lower Willows, Lamack, Black
WALSH, GERTRUDE MAUD, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; Science Mistress,
High School for Girls, Manchester, 1908 ; Student, University of
WALSH, JAMES THOMAS, B.Sc., 1896; Phys. Lab., Brae Street, Council
School, Liverpool, 1905 ; Tattersall Exhibitioner.
WALTON, S. L., 26 Church Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester.
WARBURTON, STANLEY, Woodside, Poynton, nr. Stockport.
WARBURTON, THOMAS M., 151 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
WARD, Mrs. RICHARD; see Houghton, Elizabeth A.
WARD, PERCY F., 72 Burton Road, West Didsbury, Manchester; Hulme
Hall Entrance Scholarship, 1907.
WARDLOW, ETHEL, B.A., 1906; Lecturer, The Hiatt College, Wellington,
Salop; Formerly A.M. Loughton High School for Girls, Essex;
Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
WARE, ROWLAND, died 1904.
WAREING, JOSEPH A., 14 Acre Street, Denton.
WARETNG, MARION, 6 Cranbrook Street, Oldham.
WARRINGTON, IDA MARGUERITE (now Mrs. Cowley), B.A., 1906; M.A.,
1907; Formerly A.M. Ardwick Higher Elementary School, Man-
WATERHOUSE, CARRIE W., A.M. Cowley Girls' Secondary School, St.
WATERHOUSE, EDGAR, 72 Wellington Street, Bradford, Manchester.
WATERHOUSE, HILDA, Stoneycroft Lane, Liverpool.
WATKINS, WILLIAM M., 158 Hay dock Street, Earlestown.
WATSON, ALICE MARY, B.A., 1910; Springfield, Werneth Hall Road,
WATSON, LILY, 126 Hyde Park Road, Headmgley, Leeds.
WATTON, SYDNEY LEONARD, 26 Church Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy,
WAUGH, WILLIAM, Inter. B.Sc., A.M. Princess Road School, Moss Side,
130 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
WEAVER, ETHEL, Langsfield, Layland, Preston.
WEBSTER, LILY, (now Mrs. Aldred), B.A., 1909.
WEBSTER, JOSEPH SIDNEY, B.Sc., 1899; Lecturer, Municipal D.T. College,
Princess Street, Manchester; A.M. Pupil Teachers' College, Man-
WEBSTER, GLADYS, A.M. Oxford Grove Council School, Bolton.
WEBSTER, LOUIE C., 100 Davenport Street, Bolton.
WEBSTER, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1901 ; 140 Marlborough Koad, Higher
Broughton; A.M. Broughton Street Board School, Manchester,
1901-3; now Mrs. Wm. Flower.
WELCH, MARGARET JANET, B. A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 1909 ;
A.M. Secondary School, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire; Teachers'
WESTON, DOROTHY, 54 Denmark Road, C.-on-M., Manchester.
WESTON, ELSIE MARGARET, B.A., 1910.
WEYER, ELSIE, Park View, Fence Avenue, Macclesfield.
WHALE, ALICE GERTRUDE, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary
School, Stretford Pvoad, Manchester, 1906.
WHALE, LUCY ULRICA, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Salford Municipal
Secondary School and P.T. Centre, 1907.
WHALLEY, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Harris Institute, Preston.
WHALLEY, GEORGE WM., B.Sc., 1909; A.M. H. G. School and P.T.
Centre, Scunthorpe, Lines.
WHEELER, EDITH H., 69 Dickenson Road, Rusholme, Manchester.
WHITAKER, MABEL, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; Coed Isaf, Kemmerley
Road, Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
WHITE, CECIL, B.Sc., 1910; 12 Chapel Street, West Gorton, Manchester.
WHITE, MARGARET, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; 89 Barton Road, Stretford ;
Beyer Fellow, 1910; Heginbottom Scholarship, 1907.
WHITE, MARY IRENE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. English, 1908; M.A., 1909;
1177 Chester Road, Stretford; Lancashire C.C. Scholar, 1905;
Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
WHITEHEAD, ARTHUR HINTON, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Grammar School,
WHITEHEAD, CYRIL S., 131 Hayfield Road, Birch Vale, nr. Stockport.
WHITEHEAD, JAMES EDWARD, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1908; Formerly A.M.
Fielden Demonstration* School ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907.
WHITEHEAD, Mrs. JERRY ; see Popple, Lilian.
WHITEHEAD, TOM, 192 Oldham Road, Failsworth.
WHITELEY, JOHN HAROLD, c/o Education Committee, Halifax.
WHITESIDE, JOHN, B.A., 1893; Hd.M. Central Council School, Brid-
lington, E. Yorkshire ; President of Owens Club, 1909.
WHITNALL, EDWARD J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Ducie Avenue Elementary
WHITTAKER, CHAS. L., A.M. British School, Read., Blackburn.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 131
WHITTAKER, ROSLYN, B.A., 1909; 15 Chester Road, Maccle 8 field;
Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1906.
WHITTAKER, Mrs. J. E. ; see Fletcher, Annie C.
WHITTLES, WILLIE, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Church Road Council School,
WIGLEY, ELSIE M., 89 Shakespeare Street, C.-on-M., Manchester.
WILBY, FLORENCE, 32 Manor Road, Altrincham.
WILCOCK, ALICE E., 34 Derwent Road, Lancaster.
WILDRIDGE, ARTHUR WESTLEY, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906;
M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Bournemouth School.
WILKINSON, ARTHUR CECIL, A.M. North Reddish School, Stockport.
WILKINSON, DOROTHY CONSTANCE, B.A., 1904; A.M. County Secondary
School, Hyde, 1905.
WILKINSON, MARION, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal
Secondary School, Bury; Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
WILKINSON, PATTIE ELIZA, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 3 Monmouth
WILKINSON, WILLIAM, Inter. B.Sc.; died 1906.
WILKINSON, JOHN J., 31 Bishop Street, Moss Side, Manchester.
WILLATT, RICHARD L., 99 Dartmouth Street, Burslem.
WILLATT, JOHN, Wilfred Place, Stoke-on-Trent ; Hulme Hall Entrance
WILLETT, GEORGE, B.A., 1910; A.M. Bailie Street Council School,
WILLIAMS, ANXIE J., Tan y Bryn, Penmorfa, Portmadoc.
WILLIAMS, ESTHER, B.A., 1904; A.M. Municipal Secondary School,
WILLIAMS, FREDERIC JOHN, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. Pauls School, Bruns-
wick Street, Manchester.
WILLIAMS, GEORGE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Leigh.
WILLIAMS, GLADYS, 4 Stamford Street, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester.
WILLIAMS, JESSIE G., B.A., 1903; A.M. Heckmondwike Secondary
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
WILLIAMS, MARGARET, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Esk Lea, Whalley
WILLIAMS, MARGARET E., A.M. Pentre Infants' Council School, Ystrad,
WILLIAMS, ROBERT B., 243 Dean Road, Bolton.
WILLIAMS, THOS. A., B.Sc., 1910 ; 142 Ashton Road, Denton, Manchester.
WILLIAMSON, LILIAN, B.A., 1901; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton-u.-
Lyne; Teachers' Diploma, 1901.
WILLIAMSON, ALICE F. A., 13 Liverpool Road, South Birkdale,
132 REGISTER OF STUDENTS
WILLIS, EDITH, M.A. (Dublin), 2nd class Math. Tripos (Cambridge) ;
A.M. Manchester High School for Girls, Dover Street, Manchester;
Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
WILLIS, FRANK, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Fielden Schools, Victoria Park,
WILLIS, FREDK., WM., 16 Claremont Range, Gorton, Manchester.
WILLIS, JANET CAROLINE NICOLSON, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1908; 75 Heaton
Moor Road, Heaton Moor, Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1906.
WILMORE, SARAH ELIZABETH, B.A., 1903 ; A.M. Darwen Secondary
WILSON, ALBERT K. , 56 Salisbury Street, Bolton, Lancashire.
WILSON, CHAS. W., Inter. B.Sc., A.M. Municipal School, Embden Street,
WILSON, ENID E., 4 Woodbine Street, Moss Lane East, Manchester.
WILSON, EDITH, B.A., 1909 ; 188 Coppice Street, Oldham.
WILSON, LOUISA MARGARETTA.
WILSON, RICHARD, A.M. Hague Street Municipal School, Newton Heath,
WILSON, WINIFRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Municipal High School for Girls,
Rotherham, Yorks, 1907.
WINDASS, ALBERT K., The Hall, Osbaldwick, nr. York.
WINFIELD, HENRIETTA, 1 Bedton Road, Knutsford.
WINNARD, JOHN, 1 Holt Street, Hindley, Wigan.
WINSTANLEY, ETHEL, B.A., 3rd class English, 1904; M.A., 1906; Hill
Meadow, Astley Bridge, Bolton ; English Mistress, Intermediate
School for Girls, Newport, Monmouth, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma,
WINSTANLEY, MAUDE, B.A., 1910 ; 144 Platt Lane, Rusholme, Manchester.
WISE, LYDIA BEATRICE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; A.M. Upper Jackson
Street Municipal School, Manchester.
WOOD, EDITH GLADYS, (now Mrs. H. A. Robinson), B.A., 1906;
Formerly A.M. Southall Street Municipal School.
WOOD, ELINOR, 83 Lytham Road, Blackpool.
WOOD, HARRIET HELENA, B.A., 1907; 16 Chester Road, Halifax.
WOOD, JANE F., B.A., 1896; Municipal Secondary School, Manchester.
WOOD, LUCY, Prestwich.
WOOD, SARAH A., 535, Middleton Road, Oldham.
WOODALL, SAMUEL JAMES, B.A., 2nd class Hbns. English; M.A., 1907;
Lecturer in English, University of Strassburg, since 1908 ; Teachers'
WOODCOCK, ADA WINIFRED, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1908; 24 Upper Chorlton
Road, Chorlton, Manchester; Assistant Editor of "The Common
Cause," 1909; Urmston Higher Grade School, 1904-5; Teachers'
WOODHEAD, JAMES, 3 Openshaw Street, Bury.
REGISTER OF STUDENTS 133
WOODS, ROBERT, Inter. B.Sc., died 1897.
WOOLLEY, BERTHA ELIZABETH, B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1905; A.AL Whalley
Range High School, Manchester.
WOODS, MEDORA, A.M. Elm Grove School, Brighton.
WORMWELL, CHAS. E., 102 Crumpsall View, Blackley, Manchester.
WORRALL, BESSIE, B.A., 1910; Oakwood, Hamilton Road, Whitefield,
nr. Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1910.
WORSWICK, MILLICENT FREDERiCA, B.Sc., 1902; B.A., 1906; A.M.
County High School, Leyton, Essex; Teachers' Diploma, 1905.
WRAGG, FLORENCE, 18 Plymouth Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester.
WRIGHT, ARTHUR, 78 Winwick Street, Warrington.
WRIGHT, EMILY, B.A., 1905; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Ashton-
WRIGHT, FRANCIS, Roxteth Hill, Harrow.
WRIGHT, JESSIE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Classics, 1910; M.A., 1910;
A.M. Fielden Demonstration School, Manchester. 1910; Bleackley
Entrance Scholarship, 1906, and the Victoria Scholarship in Classics,.
1909; Graduate Scholarship, 1910.
WRIGHT, RICHARD BERTRAM, B.Sc., 1905; Science Master, Mirfield
Grammar School, Yorkshire, 1905.
WRIGLEY, MARION, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1909; Bacup P.T. Centre;
Teachers' Diploma, 1904.
WYATT, STANLEY, 131 Hayfield Road, Birch Vale, nr. Stockport.
YATES, ADA B., 165 Edmund Street West, Rochdale.
YATES, CLARA, 133 Beatrice Terrace, Darwen.
YATES, EDWARD, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Hotham Road Council School r
YATES, JOHN WM., B.Sc., 1896; M.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Cowley
Schools, St. Helens, 1904 ; Diploma in Education, Oxford, 1899.
YELDHAM, ELSIE M., 11 Hinckley Road, Peckham, London, S.E.
YOUNG, AMY B., 194 Drake Street, Rochdale; appointment in Rochdale.
YOUNG, BERNARD, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Frederick Road Council School,
YOUNG, MARGARET, 7 Radnor Place, Birkenhead.
YOUNG, MALCOLM, B.A., 1907; A.M. Hoxton House Boys L.C.C. School,
YOUNG, ROBERT, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; 56 Chester
THE MANCHESTER (OWENS) CLUB.
W. T. GOODE, M.A., 32, Arden Lodge, West Hill, Wandsworth,
1895-1902. W. T. GOODE, M.A. 1905. Prof. M. E. SADLER, M.A.,LL.D.
1900-1902. Prof. H. L. WITHERS, M.A. 1906. Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., Ph.D.
[L]. (Died Dec. 1902.) 1907. W. CARROLL, Mus.Doc.
1903. VICE-CHANCELLOR HOPKINSON. 1908. H. THISELTON MARK, D.Lit.,
1904. Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., B.Sc.
Ph.D. [L]. 1909. JOHN WHITESIDE, B.A.
Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., Ph.D. Prof. M. E. SADLER, M.A., LL.D.
H. T. MARK, D.Lit., B.Sc. W. CARROLL, Mus.Doc.
T. KEIGHLEY, Mus.Doc.
H on. Treasurer :
J. MOSELEY, St. Hilda's School, Old Trafford, Manchester.
JOHN LORD, B.A., Manley Park School, Manchester.
The Objects of the Club:
1. To promote a fellow-feeling among the members and create a bond
of sympathy between past and present members of the College.
2. To arrange for the He-unions of members ; one in summer and the
other at Christmas.
3. To keep a complete record of past and present members of the
The affairs of the Club are administered by the following officers, who
are elected by the members : President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer,
Secretaries (internal a<nd external), and a Committee, consisting of the
foregoing officers and ten other members, of whom seven shall be past
Students and three shall be present Students (one for each year).
All past and present Students (men) of the Department of Education
are eligible for membership.
The Annual Subscription is one shilling. Life membership is ten
shillings and sixpence.
ROLL OF MEN STUDENTS.
(L = Life Member of Owens Club.)
Bailey, Charles James; Brickhill, Arthur A.; Brierley, Joseph;
Brown, Thomas; Brown, John Thomas; Chester, William; Clegg,
Samuel; Combes, James Y. ; Fullen, Harry; Jones, Arthur; Kellett,
Ernest; Lawton, William; Mitchell, Herbert; (L) Nightingale, Thomas
M. ; (L)Northrop, Frank; Pilcher, Herbert; Rayner, Thomas H. ;
Rostron, Harold ; Sheppard, Arthur ; Smith, James H. ; (L) Taylor,
George F. ; Trott, Herbert A. ; Whiteside, John ; Yates, Edward.
Adam, Alexander ; Bell, Neville S. ; (L) Bailey, Harold ; (L) Brear,
Arthur ; Button, Frank ; Graham, James L. ; Grundey, Fred R. ; Hartt,
Richard ; Heald, John F. ; Kemp, Paul ; Lord, John ; Moseley, John ;
Nott, Arthur; Ormandy, Thos. K. ; Orrell, Walter W. ; (L) Pickford,
George Hyde ; Parkinson, Thos. W. F. ; Pollitt, Samuel ; Rigg, George
H. ; Rose, William A. ; Sample, John ; Sinkinson, James H. ; Smith,
Thomas ; Thorley, Stanley W. ; (L) Thornton, Arthur L. ; Wilkinson,
William; Whittaker, Chas. L.
Dawson, Harry ; Dewsnup, Ernest R. ; Dinsley, Chas. F. ; Goulden,
Arthur F. ; Greenwood, William ; Hodson, Henry ; Hollingsworth, Wm. ;
Lea, Thos. Henry ; Matson, Joseph ; Myles, Thos. H. ; (L) Race,
William ; (L)Robson, Ernest S. A. ; Saxon, Robert ; Walsh, James T. ;
Ashworth, Alan H. ; Birnage, George A. ; Boardman, Ernest; Boyle,
David H. ; Derbyshire, Harold E. ; Dewhurst, James ; Fallowfield, John
E. ; Hague, John Cecil ; (L) Haynes, James H. ; Moss, Alexander ;
Osbaldeston, Wm. G. ; Robertson, David T. S. ; Smith, Foster ; S.tans-
field, Chas. S. ; Stephenson, Robt. J. ; Walker, William; Yates, John
136 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Bateson, Thomas ; (L) Catterall, Ernest E. ; Davenport, George ;
Duxbury, Robert J. ; Hall, William ; Howden, S. Percy ; Jones, J. R. ;
Lord, John W. ; Lowe, Herbert J. ; (L) Moore, James H. ; (L) Naylor,
Ernest B. ; Perkins, Henry ; Stansfield, Samuel ; Taylor, George W. ;
Waite, Harold ; Waugh, William.
Barrow, James H. ; Birkby, John G. ; Brereton, Neville ; Hadfield,
Benjamin ; Holmes, J. E. ; Jones, William C. ; Marshall, Jos. W. ;
Scholfield, A. L. ; Siddall, F.
Armitstead, Henry M. ; Bowtell, Thos. H. ; Clarke, Amos ; Holmes,
Frank W. ; Holmes, J. ; Lloyd, Wm. Thos. ; Markson, R. ; Openshaw,
Frank ; Rowlandson, Robert ; Sanderson, A. S. ; Smith, William ; (L)
Timpany, Harold M. ; Webster, Joseph S. Diploma : Bateson, Thomas ;
Mark, H. Thiselton, Pollard, Francis Edward.
(L) Ewing, William P. ; Fairbourn, Wm. W. ; Fisque, A. W. ;
Hamnett, F. G. ; Hindley, J. P. ; Hornby, T. B. ; Howard, Kennedy ;
Law, Harold; Lister, Henry H. ; Mason, Harry H. ; Reid, Alexander;
Saunsbury, Robt. ; South, Arthur ; Stringer, A. E. ; (L) Sumner, E. J. J
Sutcliffe, Henry ; Ware, Rowland ; Wilson, Richard.
Cooke, Matthew J. H. ; (L) Dawson, Shepherd ; Featherston, Sydney ;
Fletcher, David ; Grindrod, Walton ; Hallsworth, Harry M. ; Helliwell,
Hamlet; Holland, Robt.; Kain, Arthur; Morris, Alfred; Patchett,
Joseph L. ; Rawlins, S. ; Rhodes, Edgar S. ; (L) Rigby, Joe ; Riley,
Joseph ; Roe, Harry ; Russell, Ephraim ; Sargent, Samuel R. ; Telfer,
James ; Thorp, Harold K. K. ; Williams, Robert B.
Bell, Albert H. ; Briggs, Frank ; Briggs, John T. ; Callister, Wm.
E. ; (L) Charlesworth, John ; Clarkson, Fred ; Eckersley, William ;
Gregson, Harry ; Hague, Harold ; Hesketh, R. H. ; Howard, George ;
Jackson, Robert ; Jones, Ernest ; Larard, B. E. ; McGaw, S. A. ; Millman,
Oliver J. ; Moseley, Fred ; Newton, C. V. ; Ogden, J. H. ; Robinson,
John 0. ; Shaw, Daniel T. ; Smith, Frank W. ; Smith, George F.
Diploma: Parker, George Henry; Smith, William.
ROLL OF STUDENTS 137
Blain, John; Brian, Percy; Brown, Sydney; Carroll, John B. ;
Crofts, George; Danson, George; Deakin, George Arthur ; Dean, Thomas ;
(L) Fairbrother, William S. ; Fothergill, A. S. C. ; Gooch, Sydney;
Hitchins, Ernest; Holden, Charles; Hoyle, Arthur E. ; Hudson, James
H. ; Hughes, W. A.; Isherwood, J. G. ; Kirkman, James; Leach,
Herbert; Looker, George Henry; Milloy, F. C. E. ; Mills, Charles;
Bandies, Joseph; Rimmer, Travis; Roach, Jos. L. ; Rothwell, G. G. ;
Sarginson, William; Smallwood, James; Smith, Frank; Sykes, Albert;
Tucker, Basil; Turner, Harry; Walker, Edgar C.
Altham, Josiah G. ; Astbury, Alexander ; Baldwin, J. McL. ; Barber,
J. ; Begg, W. ; Bengry, Percy H. ; Branson, J. C. S. ; Broome, J. S. ;
David, Wm. J. ; Douglas, G. F. ; Duckworth, Samuel ; Hargreaves,
Egerton ; Kindle, R. ; Hoyle, W. F. ; Loose, Albert N. ; Lowe, C. A. ;
Martin, A. E. C. ; Nuttall, Harry ; Park, Edward C. ; Powell, Edward
L. ; Priestnall, John ; Randall, Arthur ; (L) Sandif ord, Peter ; Tomlinson,
M. ; Thompson, J. ; Tunnicliffe, B. ; Whiteley, J. H. ; Wright, Richard
Bertram. Diploma: Bowtell, Thomas Henry.
Barker, W. B. ; Barton, Thomas ; Black, James ; Burton, J. R. ;
Careswell, George M. ; Charnock, James ; Davies, F. ; Fielding, Wm.
Richard ; Foster, Wm. Lewis ; Fulton, R. B. ; Gillman, Percy ; Gledhill,
Walter; Graham, Joseph W. ; Heal, L. W. ; Hickling, George; Holden,
Edmund H. ; Ireland, Clement A. ; Jones, Arthur ; Jones, Robert E. ;
Mclntyre, C. ; Pennington, T. ; Rawsthorn, R. B. ; Rock, F.B. ; Rutter,
G. ; Sheffield, J. R. ; Smith, E. ; Storey, G. ; Stringer, Wm. ; Topham,
L. W. ; Towers, J. A.; Watton, S. L. ; Wildridge, A. W. Diploma:
Brentnall, Harold Cresswell; Roper, Reginald Edward.
Athersmith, Albert E. ; Atkinson, Samuel J. ; Bell, James ; Bramwell,
Frederick ; Bromley, Harry ; Burrell, Harry T. ; Cockcroft, Clement R. ;
Dimmock, John ; Duffin, Henry C. ; Farrimond, Joseph ; Gibbs, W. H. ;
Guest, George ; Hall, Sidney ; Hallworth, A. ; Hepple, C. ; Hoyle, David ;
Hunsworth, Herbert; Ingham, Harry; Ingham, William; Jefferson, R.
Ernest ; Jones, J. ; Maguire, Harry ; Marquis, F. J. ; Mather, Ernest ;
Redfern, R. ; Redfern, Walter; Riley, Joseph W. ; Roberts, William;
Royds, Thomas ; Simpson, Robert ; Smith, Frank ; Stevens, Robert H. ;
Whalley, Harry; Whitehead, Arthur H. ; Whitnall, Edward J. ;
Wilkinson, A. C. ; Wilson, Chas. W. ; Woodall, S. J. Diploma: Bonney,
James Patterson; Lawrence, Eric Harold; Maltby, Samuel Edwin;
Rhodes, John Edgar.
138 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Allcott, Arnold ; Anderson, Jesse ; Bancroft, Alf . E. ; Batley, W.
A. ; Bellamy, Ernest A. ; Bennett, Harold ; Borland, H. B. ; Broadbent,
John; Butterworth, Harwood; Butterworth, Stephen; Cavill, Charles;
Cheetham, Fred. T. ; Colclough, T. P. ; Coleclough, H. Tudor ; Cottrell,
Allin ; Dawson, James F. ; Dyke, T. J. ; Firth, Jos. E. ; Gerrard, Henry ;
Hawkes, John H. ; Hill, James S. ; Ingham, Walter; Jones, Evan;
Jones, Evelyn G. ; Jones, John W. ; Llewellyn, Benj. ; Mitchell, William;
Morris, Andrew ; Pearson, David ;Rothwell, Harold ; Saunderson, Fred ;
Shaw, Thomas ; Thornley, Frank ; Williams, George ; Young, Norman M.
Diploma: Schulze, Douglas Gordon.
Adamson, Alexander ; Backhouse, Thomas ; Baron, William ; Beaton,
Henry A. ; Binns, Alfred ; Booth, Thomas ; Boulton, Harry ; Bradshaw,
G. A. ; Bunting, Samuel J. ; Byrne, George T. ; Castle, Leonard J. ;
Cooke, Herbert S. ; Cox, Frank ; Dearden, Frank ; Downs, Edmund ;
Draycott, Edwin G, ; Fairbrother, Fred ; Harcourt, Fredk. ; Harrison,
Albert S. ; Hart, Eobt. C. H. ; Hayhurst, Walter ; Hemsley, Godfrey
H.; Hitchin, Robt. P.; Holt, Francis K. ; Howarth, Walter; Hoyle,
Arthur Wm. ; Hughes, Benjamin ; Jones, Edward ; Merrick, James ;
Newns, Samuel J. ; Ormesher, William ; Oulton, Llewellin ; Parker,
Walter T. ; Robinson, Lionel McD. ; Whittles, Willie; Williams, Fredk.
J. ; Wormell, Chas. E. ; Wright, Francis. Diploma : Catterall, John
Herbert ; Garnett, James Holden ; Kandel, Isaac Leon ; Marshall, Fred-
erick William Dyson; Rees, Caleb; Stockton, Charles Edward.
Arnfield, William ; Bennett, Walter ; Burrell, W. W. ; Bury, Frank
W. ; Charlton, Edwin J. ; Chater, Frank ; Clayton, Norman ; Eason
Herbert A. ; Emmott, Robert ; Gatley, Andrew 0. ; Greenhalgh, Nat.
Hill, Harry ; Hodgson, Thos. E. ; Holden, Henry S. ; Holmes, Thos. E.
Hovell, Mark; Jackson, Isaac; Jackson, John; Johnson, N. Miller
Jones, Percy; Marsden, Herbert; Mercer, Alfred; Morris, Tom D.
Partington, James R. ; Riding, George A. ; Roscoe, Ernest ; Silverstone,
Maurice ; Taylor, Albert ; Walmsley, George F. ; Whalley, George Wm. ;
Whitehead, Tom ; Whittaker, Roslyn. Diploma : Green, Harold ; White-
head, James Edward ; Woodall, Samuel James.
Adams, Joseph ; Aldred, Harold ; Barrow, Ernest J. ; Buckley,
William H. ; Bullough, Joseph ; Clegg, Frederick B. ; Clegg, William A. ;
Dootson, Percy ; Draycott, Ernest C. ; Ellis, Oliver C. de C. ; Fair-
ROLL OF STUDENTS i 39
clough, John ; Fawell, George S. ; Fee, Bernard W. ; Fielden, John R. ;
Fox, Herbert ; Freeman, Peter ; Gibbs, George R. ; Greenhalgh, Jas. A. ;
Hinchliffe, George H. ; Hurst, William T. ; Johnson, Wm. P. ; Lawson,
Henry H. ; Liptrot, Richard, Maiden, Joseph P. ; McLeod, Hugh ;
Morss, William L. ; Munro, James McV. ; O'Brien, Cornelius J. ; Phillips,
James 0. R. ; Sankey, William H. ; Seddon, Fred ; Sutcliffe, Albert 0. ;
Tunstall, John ; Tyson, Tom ; Varley, Benjamin ; Walmsley, William A. ;
Willett, George; Willis, Frank; Woodhead, James; Young, Bernard.
Diploma : Ellscher, Max H. ; Knott, Cyril Wakefield ; Laycock, Benjamin.
Barnes, Frederick R. ; Bateson, Hartley ; Blackshaw, Rowland ;
Brierley, Wm. B. ; Brown, Tom ; Critchley, Frederick ; Curzon, Thomas ;
Cuttler, George H. ; Dobson, James W. ; Duddle, William K. ; Edge,
Vernon; Fothergill, George H. ; Gardner, Vincent; Hart, John W. ;
Haythornthwaite, Wm. ; Holgate, Percy H. ; Hope, Harry ; Jackson,
Ernest; Kay, John B. ; Lantsberry, George E. H. ; Lindsay, Henry;
Montgomery, Walter ; Parlby, Joshua ; Pennington, Donald ; Platt,
James C. ; Richards, Raymond S. ; Robinson, Arthur S. ; Round, Cecil ;
Sargeant, Frank ; Searle, Milton M. ; Shatwell, Hugh G. ; Singleton,
Frank C. ; Smith, Quinton L. ; Stirland, John ; Swallow, George H. ;
Tomlinson, Hubert ; Tomlinson Wm. H. ; Vickers, Wilfred ; Ward,
Percy F. ; White, Cecil ; Williams, Thos. A. ; Wilson, Albert K. ;
Windass, Albert K. ; Winnard, John ; Wright, Arthur ; Young, Robert.
Diploma : Charnley, Joseph ; Craven, Frederick Harold ; Guest, E. D. ;
Red fern, Herbert Stanley.
Adamson, George ; Atherton, James ; Barker, Robert B. ; Beverley,
Walter ; Boddington, James E. ; Clayton, John A. ; Cohen, Simon ;
Crick, Douglas W. ; Curzon, John R. ; Doyle, Arthur L. ; Elfenbaum,
Arthur ; Furlong, William C. ; George, Ralph L. ; Gilliat, Frederick ;
Gregory, William M. ; Guest, Peter H. ; Hall, George F. ; Higham,
Joseph ; Kenyon, James ; Leigh, William B. ; Lowe, William H. ;
McNamara, John; Moore, Arthur; Moore, Fred; Nelson, George F. ;
Newbold, Augustus S. ; Pendlebury, James W. ; Pewtress, Alfred W. ;
Pollitt, Frank H. ; Quayle, Mark; Ralphs, Arnold L. ; Shackleton,
Walter; Shaw, William; Underwood, John M. ; Waddington, William
W. ; Warburton, Stanley ; Warburton, Thomas M. ; Wareing, Joseph A. ;
Waterhouse, Edgar; Whitehead, Cyril S. ; Willatt, John; Wyatt,
Stanley. Diploma: Bell, John Murray; Bleakley, John Allen; Elstob,
Wil frith ; Newbold, John Turner Walton.
140 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Balshaw, Walter; Bishop, Wm. B. ; Breakell, Albert S.; Bury,
James H. ; Caley, Chas. E. ; Crawford, Wm. ; Edwards, Joseph ; Eva,
Wilfrid H. ; Gibson, Robert E. ; Gifford, Philip H. ; Grimshaw, Harold
S. j Harrison, Frank A.; Haworth, Peter; Helm, John H. ; Higgins r
Leonard T. ; Holt, Tom ; Howarth, Willis O. ; Hynes, James E. ;
Jackson, Harold ; Jones, Henry L. ; Kaye, Wm. E. ; Kelly, Thomas J. ;
Lee, Frederick H. ; Lees, Frank ; Lowe, Harry M. ; Lowe, John ; Lowe,
William ; Lythgoe, Norman L. ; Mellor, Harry A. ; Morris, Harold R. ;
Parker, James ; Pearsall, Wm. H. ; Pinder, Thomas S. ; Powell, Arthur
L. ; Rogers, James ; Rowbotham, Albert ; Shaw, James ; Smethurst,
Arthur ; Smith, Kenneth ; Stafford, Francis J. ; Struthers, William H. ;
Varley, Russell ; Waite, Harold ; Watkins, Wm. M. ; Wilkinson, John
J. ; Willatt, Richard L. ; Willis, Frederick Wm. Diploma: Dagutski,
H. ; Meyer, J. H. ; Platt, Bevis.
ROLL OF STUDENTS 141
ROLL OF WOMEN STUDENTS.
Brindle, Florence Elizabeth ; Campbell, Emma M. ; Chadderton,
Anna Leigh ; Davies, Margaret E. ; Henshaw, Esther Gertrude ; Hodges,
Elizabeth ; Laycock, Henrietta ; Mansfield, Marion Maud ; Taylor, Edith
Bunting, Florence; Charlton, Nellie; Firth, Margaret Ann; Lee,
Rose Evelyn ; Looker, Louisa Edith ; Northrop, Jessie M. ; Shaw,
Harriet; Start, Laura Emily; Stott, Alice Elizabeth; Teggin, Lucy;
Wilson, Louisa Margaretta; Wood, Jane Fearns.
Bagshaw, Edith M. ; Best, Rachel; Grime, Jessie; Hindshaw,
Winifred ; Mitchell, Mary J. ; Reid, Annie M. ; Steward, Emma L. ;
Talbot, Maud ; Walker, Lilian May.
Hopkins, Ellen ; Hopkins, Ethel ; Houghton, Elizabeth A. ; Lowe,
Sarah H. Diploma: Marsland, Mary Kelsall.
Atkinson, Roberta M. M. ; Brentnall, Elizabeth, D. ; Brown,
Catherine ; Bullough, Florence ; Burton, Marguerite ; Chambers, Ethel ;
Derby, Emily ; Hughes, Marianne M. ; Jackson, Mary Matilda ; Kelly,
Clara Julia; Kelsall, Ethel; Pattreiouex, Florence; Speakman, Eliza-
beth. Diploma: Holme, Ursula; Regan, Margaret Mary.
I8 97 .
Barlow, Gertrude E. ; Day, Eugenie E. ; Dykes, Jessie ; Fletcher,
Annie C. ; Grierson, Agnes A. ; Griffith, Henrietta C. ; Hargreaves,
Louisa J. ; Lamb, Mary D. ; McHowat, Annie ; Paine, Frances C. ;
Pepper, Margaret C. ; Taylor, Clara ; Taylor, Ethel ; Taylor, Mary H. ;
Webster, Mary E.
Bagshaw, Liliam, Jane ; Birkby, Mary J. ; Corson, Hilda ; Dickerson,
Emily; Dutton, Ethel; Edward, Nelly; Etchells, Clara J. ; Frow,
Florence ; Hague, Florence M. ; Heath, Emily C. ; Hitchings, Florence ;
Houghton, Agnes; Reid, Mary; Robertson, Jane C. ; Smith, May A.
S. ; Stirling, Annie ; Stone, Gertrude ; Williams, Gladys H. ; Williamson,
Lillian; Winfield, Henrietta S. ; Woolley, Bertha E. Diploma: Roberts,
142 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Atkinson, Muriel Jessie Baronne; Baguley, Mary; Birkby, Lucy
Eleanor; Bowtell, Louisa Minnie; Bullough, Louisa; Craig, Elsie;
Derby, Mildred; Fletcher, Harriett Mary; Greenhalgh, Marian; Hind-
shaw, Florence Pye ; Holt, Ellen W. ; Kirk, Frances May ; Middleton,
Florence Jane; Peel, Selina; Quaas, Alma Emma; Ramsden, Agnes;
Robinson, Ethel Frances ; Steele, Lily Henly ; Stott, Amy Jane ; Watson,
Lily. Diploma: Johnston, Adeliza Norman.
Barton, Marion; Cartwright, Emily; Chadwick, Caroline; Dawson,
Margaret; Dowler, Helen; Gowan, Edith Mary; Hadfield, Frances
Ella; Hargreave, Nellie; Linforth, Edith M. E. ; McCormack, Margaret
Lillian; Manock, Calliroy; Marsden, Dora; Marshall, Mary Elizabeth;
Martin, Charlotte Nicoll; Naylor, Alice; Newton, Adelaide Ann,
Parker, Irene ; Roscoe, Jessie ; Smith, May ; Swithenbank, Dora ;
Thomasson, Elizabeth Ann ; Wadsworth, Nellie ; Webster, Mary E. ;
Wilmore, Sarah Elizabeth ; Williams, Jessie. Diploma : Coignou,
Caroline ; Elliott, Mabel Alice ; Gorst, Isabel Grant ; Needham, Eliza-
beth ; Orr, Jessie Farquhar ; Slater, Winifred.
Bedford, Mabel Estella; Bullough, Alice; Clarke, Katherine;
Clayton, Edith; Cliff, Rose Gertrude; Cocks, Mabel Angelina; Coxson,
Esther Shelmerdine; Edwards, Gwendolen; Etchells, Rose; Hampson,
Annie Farnworth ; Haughton, Amy ; Heap, Florence Annette ; Howarth,
Aileen; Jackson, Mary; Lomas, Margaret Ann; Lord, Lillias Anne;
Love, Jessie ; Marshall, Hannah Ethel ; Morgan, Aldwyth Kate ; Newton,
Mary Hewitt; Shearman, Bertha; Twisse, Sarah; Waddington, Dorothy
Constance ; Wilkinson, Dorothy C. ; Williams, Esther. Diploma : Bot-
tomley, Winifred ; Chisholm, Alice Thornley ; Crawshaw, Kate ; Morris,
Lucy; Patterson, Rosa.
Bottomley, Christine; Butterworth, Dora; Clague, Nessie; Farmer,
Amy; Fraser, Kate; Garlick, Winifred; Hamilton, Elizabeth Georgina;
Hewlett, Edith; Holmes, Helena Amy; Ingham, Sarah; Kershaw,
Henrietta; Keyte, Margaret; Lindley, Henrietta; Matthias, Emily;
Ormerod, Grace; Parkes, Margery Moyle; Ramsbottom, Sarah; Rea,
Catherine; Robinson, Rona; Shephard, Ruth; Smith, Maud; Spencer,
Mary; Stevenson, Maud; Wadsworth, Amy; Whale, Alice; Wood,
Edith; Wright, Emily. Diploma: Crawshaw, Margaret; Dodge, Eva;
Faraday, Lucy Winifred; Godson, Katherine; Jones, Gertrude Hilda;
Prior, Theodora; Stevenson, Elsie Carolina; Thompson, Ethel.
ROLL OF STUDENTS 143
Aydon, Matilda; Barker, Adeline; Brooks, Elizabeth; Clements,
Sarah; Collins, Clara; Coward, Katherine; Craven, Clara; Duckworth,
Clara or Christine; Edwards, Sarah; Entwisle, Maud; Goldstraw,
Edith; Gordon, Beatrice; Green, Ellen; Hilton, Nellie; Howe, Ethel;
Ingham, Amy; Law, Marion; Lisle, Minnie; Looker, Louisa; Lord,
Emma; Moran, Florence; Moran, Margaret; Morgan, Annie; Muscott,
Ethelreda; Neill, Mary; Norris, Dorothy; Pickles, Edna; Porter, Mary;
Alice; Smith, Mabel; Stafford, Ethel; Warrington, Ida M. ; Whale,
Lucy; Wood, Harriet Helena. Diploma: Boss, Elizabeth Wilson;
Folkard, Muriel Bracewell; Hayhurst, Florence; Hiles, Isa Lockyer;
Lejeune, Marion; Parker, Agnes; Williams, Jessie Gertrude; Woodcock,
Ada Winifred; Wrigley, Marion.
Almond, Malide ; Brown, Maria S. ; Brown, Marion ; Chadwick,
Edith Dorothy ; Cliff, Francisco Caroline ; Crosland, Esther ; Cussons,
Mabel Olive; Gordon, Alice; Isgrove, Annie; Jackson, Winifred;
Jenkins, Ruth Hope ; Johnson, Alice ; Johnson, Edith ; Johnston,
Jemima; Kenyon, Alice; Kershaw, Edith May; Kershaw, Ethel; Lee,
Ada; Litchfield, Agnes Muriel; Longbottom, Marion Rena; Marsh,
Mabel Edith; Matthias, Sarah; Moncur, Janet; Moorfield, Bertha
Mima; Nicholson, Jemima; Nightingale, Florence; Oddie, Eveline;
Ormrod, Harriet Nora; Radford, Elizabeth; Riley, Mary; Rogers,
Harriet Chorlton ; Shallis, Ethel ; Smith, Margaret Ann ; Snape, Nellie ;
Southerst, Dora; Stephens, Mabel Winifred; Thompson, Muriel; Viner,
Mary; Walsh, Gertrude Maud; Wilson, Winifred. Diploma: Barker,
Florence Annie ; Brown, Florence Margaret ; Clarkson, Jessie Dewrance ;
Cunliffe, Helen; Elliott, Ethel Mary Linder; Hall, Mary Elizabeth;
Hawcridge, Marion; Heyhurst, Annie; Rollings, Evangeline; Horsfall,
Dorothy; Hutton, Ellen Mary; Jones, Alice Maud; Jones, Dorothy
Hepburn; Laidler, Josephine; Lumb, Lizzie; McDonald, Annie Jane;
Nuttall, Annie Rose; Palmer, Olive; Popple, Lilian; Reynolds, Mary;
Robinson, Edith Annie; Willis, Edith; Winstanley, Ethel; Worswick,
Auty, Pattie Eastham ; Benson, Mary ; Bent, Nancy Howarth ; Bloy,
Marion Edna ; Coward, Dorothy G. ; Coward, Winifred Ethel ; Deakin,
Mary Hannah; Dobson, Margaret Anne; Earnshaw, Elizabeth; Foster,
Emily; Green, Amy Faith; Hall, Annie; Hall, Mary Jane Tuton;
Harrison, E. Alice; Harrop, Dorothy; Hoare, Florence A.; Kay,
Hannah; Layland, Anne H. ; Mitchell, Lilian; Mungall, Mary N. ;
144 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Naylor, Hannah; Noar, Constance Madge; Nunn, Florence; Osborne,
Muriel ; Owens, Dora ; Paiton, Laura L. ; Powell, Olive ; Royle, Florence
W. ; Sailman, Frances R. ; Sandiford, Mary ; Smith, Jennie J. ; Sower-
butts, Hilda ; Taylor, Mabel A. ; Taylor, Sarah ; Wigley, Elsie M. ;
Williams, Margaret; Wise, Lydia B. Diploma: Horsfall, Mary Grace;
Ramsden, Annie; Stevenson, Rose Evelyn; Taylor, Emily Howson;
Wilkinson, Marion; Willis, Janet Caroline Nicholson.
Ainscough, Clara J. ; Anderson, Selina ; Clough, Lilian ; Crowe,
Mildred M. ; Diggle, Elizabeth; Epstein, Sprinzie; Fielden, Sarah;
Fielding, Mabel ; Ford, Ethel ; Gatley, Amy ; Graham, Elizabeth ; Green,
Eveline; Green, Muriel M. ; Hallas, Elizabeth; Hordley, Edith M. ;
Keyte, Emily ; Lord, Cecily Eveline ; Marsland, Sarah E. ; Mather, Iza
H. ; Mellor, Lily ; Nessis, Bella ; Norris, Sarah ; Parkin, Amy B. ;
Parkinson, Sarah A. ; Petford, Ida W. ; Pickup, Emily ; Potts, Ella ;
Pownall, Rose ; Ratcliffe, Lillian W. ; Reed, Agnes ; Richmond, Ethel ;
Rose, Mabel; Rutter, Marion; Scholes, Margaret Kershaw; Sharp,
Annie ; Sheldon, Ada ; Simpson, Frances Eunice ; Stone, Edith A. ;
Taylor, Ethel; Thomasson, Emily; Topping, Elizabeth; Webster,
Gladys ; Webster, Lily ; Weyer, Elsie F. ; White, Margaret ; Wilkinson,
Pattie; Williams, Annie; Williams, Margaret; Wilson, Edith; Wood,
Lucy ; Woods, Medora ; Wright, Jessie ; Yeldham, Elsie M. Diploma :
Adams, Violet Denise; Beecroft, Jennie; Burke, Laura; Evans,
Gwladys; Holmes, Margaret Jane; Saunderson, Constance Margaret;
Smith, Robina Bisset; Stocks, Winifred Alice; Wardlow, Ethel.
Ashcroft, Margaret; Bowker, Eliza; Brooks, Selina; Bury Mabel;
Clark, Ada Margaret; Crowcroft, Olive Mary; Cuttill, Kathleen;
Desden, Alice; Drinkwater, Lilas; Duncan, Elizabeth; Firth, Edna;
Haigh, Alice; Haigh, Helen; Hall, Ruth; Halstead, Annie; Hesketh,
Edith M. ; Heslam, Alice Margaret ; Hetherington, Emily M. ;
Houghton, Clara; Howells, Ethel N. ; Karfoot, Bertha; Lunn, Flor-
ence ; Marsland, Sarah ; Matthias, Florence ; Mitchell, Nellie ; Pearson,
Katie M. ; Porter, Emily ; Robinson, Catherine ; Ross, Agnes L. ;
Simpson, Fanny; Simpson, Mary; Smethurst, Annie; Smith, Mary;
Weston, Elsie M.; Winstanley, Maude; Wood, Elinor; Worrall, Bessie.
Diploma: Cooper, Mary; Harvey, Amy Cecilia; Horrocks, Adelaide;
Leah, Annie; Paull, Margaret Caroline; Picton, Grace Ethel; Price,
ROLL OF STUDENTS 145
Atherton, Clara ; Bamber, Edith ; Bann, Emily G. ; Bevan, Ellen
M. ; Botham, Elsie M. ; Boyes, Sybil; Brewer, Gladys L. ; Burrow,
Alice; Caldecote, Florence; Caiman, Kathleen M. ; Catchpoule, Mabel
J. ; Catton, Annie S. ; Connolly, Ellen F. ; Cottrell, Rhoda ; Curtis,
Margaret ; Davies, Marion M. ; Desden, Amena A. ; Drummond, Edith
E. ; Fox, Ethel A. ; Grant, Constance N. ; Grime, Mabel M. ; Hancock,
Mabel M. ; Heginbotham, Marion Dorothea ; Hodson, Eunice ; Horsley,
Ellen T. ; Isaac, Edith M. ; Jackson, Dora ; James, Grace ; Jones, Norah
K. ; King, Constance; Leach, Ellen; McGregor, Flora B. ; Middlehurst,
Ada E. ; Molyneux, Maude W. ; Noble, Annie; Parker, Mary J. ;
Quayle, Alice ; Single, Annie ; Story, Jeanie D. ; Suthers, Nellie ; Syers,
Annie G. ; Thorley, Hilda ; Tilley, Eva M. ; Turner, Winifred ;
Waddington, Marie; Wakefield, Florrie; Walford, Dora; Waterhouse,
Came W. ; Wilby, Florence; Wilcock, Alice E. ; Wheeler, Edith H. ;
Wragg, Florence; Young, Amy B. Diploma: Barber, Mabel Mary;
Bedson, Muriel Alice; Beeley, Annie Howard; Bell, Minnie Josephine;
Brodie, Elizabeth Janet ; Clayton, Mary ; Goudie, Grace ; Hanna, Norah ;
Hardie, Violet Helen; McLaine, Helen Margaret; Redfearn, Elsie
Mary; Sargent, Elsie Katherine; Speakman, Ethel.
Ashworth, Maggie ; Belt, Gertrude, A. ; Boorne, Margaret G. ;
Carter, Catherine ; Chandler, Dora L. ; Cowgill, Mary E. E. ; Crosland,
Dorothy ; Crowe, Norah J. ; Daughtry, Irene ; Eckersley, Ida M. ;
Finch, Mary ; Fox, Ada Winifred ; Goodison, Winifred M. ; Gordon,
Daisy H. ; Griffiths, Bertha May; Griffiths, Mabel G. ; Hadfield,
Elizabeth; Hooper, Elsie M. ; Howells, Margaret H. ; Huxtable, Louisa;
Johnson, Edith A. ; Jones, Myfanwy ; Knight, Ethel F. ; Leah, Edith
H. ; Le Mare, Margaret S. E. ; Lomas, Lucy M. ; Marsden, Amy ;
Matthias, Eveline ; Moss, Emily A. ; Ormrod, Lucy ; Orrell, Mabel E. ;
Parkinson, Elizabeth ; Partington, Winifred ; Pearce, Annie E. ; Pedder,
Ethel May ; Quayle, Gladys E. ; Reynolds, Hilda M. ; Rickleton,
Beatrice ; Rodgers, Edith ; Smith, Annie ; Stewart, Charlotte May ;
Street, Constance; Swaine, Elsie Newton; Swann, Nellie; Webster,
Louie C. ; Wilson, Enid E. ; Yates, Ada B. ; Young, Margaret. Diploma:
Ashton, Martha ; Bailey, Ethel ; Barnes, Grace ; Fairhurst, Rhoda ; Jollie,
Abbott, Dorothy ; Aitken, Gladys M. E. ; Ascroft, Florence S. ;
Banks, Margaret W. ; Beck, Louisa ; Benson, Hannah ; Berry, Annie ;
Boag, Elsie R. ; Bray, Nora ; Brindley, Florence ; Brown, Margaret M. ;
146 ROLL OF STUDENTS
Butterfield, Edith M. ; Calverley, Vera ; Cartwright, Elsie ; Chesworth,
Nellie; Clarke, Hebe; Emmett, Mary E. ; Gough, Sarah; Hanna, Eva;
Hardman, May ; Heap, Nellie ; Hey, Frances S. ; Higgins, Gertrude T. ;
Higson, Evelyn ; Hill, Catherine H. ; Hodgkinson, Gladys ; Howarth,
Gladys ;Hyslop, Margaret; Jackson, Nora; Kay, Helen E. B. ; Lea,
Barbara B. ; Mackenzie, Doris S. ; Mainwaring, Dorothy ; Mellor, Jessie
M. ; Mercer, Jenny ; Parkin, Mary W. ; Pearson, Olive M. ; Pickles,
Edith A. ; Richardson, Elizabeth A. ; Riley, Hannah ; Roberts, Lizzie ;
Robertson, Hannah L. D. ; Shackleton, Ruth G. ; Shaw, Marion ;
Snelson, Laura J. ; Thompson, Doris ; Waite, Dorothy H. ; Wareing,
Marion; Waterhouse, Hilda; Weaver, Ethel; Weston, Dorothy;
Williamson, Alice F. A.; Wood, Sarah A.; Yates, Clara. Diploma:
Barkell, Lilian N. ; Blake, C. E. Bridget ; Bock, Charlotte M. V. ;
Bowman, Flor. R. ; Byrne, Alice M. P. ; Cooke, Martha E. ; Craig,
Robina Y. ; Dixey, Gladys N. ; Emerson, Gladys N. ; Fairhurst, Susie ;
Fletcher, Ruth M. ; Matthias, Emily ; Suddards, Ida ; Watson, Mary.
We understand that the women students contemplate a Society similar
in scope and character to the Manchester (Owens) Club mentioned
University of Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. I. STUDIES IN ANATOMY from the Anatomical Department
of the University of Manchester. Vol. iii. Edited by ALFRED H.
YOUNG, M.B. (Edin.), F.R.C.S., Professor of Anatomy. Demy 8vo
pp. ix. 189, 23 plates. 10s. net. (Publication No. 10, 1906.) '
" This forms the third volume of the Studies in Anatomy issued by
the Council, and contains contributions of considerable interest. The
volume is well printed and bound. It speaks well for the activity of
investigation at Manchester." Lancet.
" The volume is well got up and is evidence of the continuation of the
excellent work which has been carried on for so long a period, under
Professor A. H. Young's supervision, and has been encouraged and
stimulated by his own work." British Medical Journal.
No. I. THE HOUSE FLY. Musca domestica (Linnaeus). A Study of its
Structure, Development, Bionomics and Economy. By C. GORDON
HEWITT, D.Sc., Dominion Entomologist, Ottawa, Canada, and late
Lecturer in Economic Zoology in the University of Manchester.
Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 200, 10 plates. 20s. net.
(Publication No. 52, 1910.)
" The book is concisely written and beautifully illustrated by coloured
"In the first the author deals with the anatomy of the fly, in the
second with the habits, development, and anatomy of the larva, and in
the third with the bionomics, allies, and parasites of the insect, and its
relations with human disease The book affords an excellent
illustration of the amount of original and useful work that may be done
on the commonest and best known of animals." Nature.
" Of the book itself, it may be said that it is a model of its kind."
No. I. AN INTRODUCTION TO EARLY WELSH. By the late Prof.
J. STRACHAN, LL.D. Demy 8vo, pp. xvi. 294. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 40, 1908.)
" The Grammar as a whole is of course a very great advance on the
pioneer work of Zeuss ; Dr. Strachan had fuller and more accurate texts
to work with, and possessed a knowledge probably unsurpassed of the
results of recent progress in Celtic philology, which he himself did so
much to promote." Professor Morris Jones in the Manchester Guardian.
" The work is an excellent introduction to the study of early Welsh.
We can strongly recommend it to Welsh students ; it is undoubtedly a
work which no student of Celtic literature can afford to be without."
North Wales Guardian.
" The work is destined, of course, to become the text-book in early
Welsh wherever taught." Western Mail.
No. II. THE LANGUAGE OF THE ANNALS OF ULSTER. By
TOMAS O'MAILLE* M.A., Professor of Instruction in University
College, Galway. Demy 8vo, pp. xiii. 220. 7s. 6d. net.
Publication No. 53, 1910.)
The objects of this dissertation are firstly to investigate the date at
which certain old-Irish phonological developments took place, an<?
secondly to give an account of old-Irish declension as evidenced by tht
language of the Annals of Ulster. An Appendix on the analysis of
Irish personal names is appended.
84, Cross Street, Manchester *
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. I. A STUDY OF THE BACCHAE OF EUKIPIDES. By G.
NORWOOD M.A., Assistant Lecturer in Classics. Demy 8vo, pp. xx,
188. 5s. net. (Publication No. 31, 1908.)
" The interest of Mr. Norwood's book, which ... is a very welcome
addition to the bibliography of Euripides, and a scholarly and interesting
piece of work, displaying erudition and insight beyond the ordinary,
lies in the way in which, by applying Dr. Verrall's methods .... he
first shows up difficulties and inconsistencies, some of which have hardly
been noticed before .... and then produces his own startling theory,
which he claims is the great solvent of all the perplexities."
"Unless very strong evidence can be produced against Mr. Norwood's
view, it must be accepted as the true solution of the problem. . . . Mr.
Norwood is generally clear, and abounds in illuminating thoughts. He
has added a full bibliography (running to twenty-three pages) of writings
on Euripides, and for this every scholar will offer his sincere thanks.
. . . He has done a very good piece of work." Athenaeum.
"This volume forms the first of a Classical Series projected by the
Manchester University, who are to be congratulated on having begun
with a book so original and full of interest. ... It is admirably argued,
and is instinct with a sympathetic imagination. It is, at the very least,
an extremely able attempt to solve a very complex problem."
"Mr. Norwood's book has even in the eyes of a sceptic the considerable
merit of stating the hypothesis in a very thoroughgoing and able
manner, and at least giving it its full chance of being believed."
Professor Gilbert Murray in the Nation.
" L'interpretation de M. Norwood est certainement tres ingenieuse;
elle est meme tres seduisante." Revue Critique.
No. I. THE LANCASHIRE COTTON INDUSTRY. By S. J.
CHAPMAN, M.A., M. Com., Stanley Jevons Professor of Political
Economy and Dean of the Faculty of Commerce. Demy 8vo, pp.
vii. 309. 7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 4, 1904.)
"Such a book as this ought to be, and will be, read far beyond the
bounds of the trade." Manchester Guardian.
"There have been books dealing with various phases of the subject,
but no other has so ably treated it from the economic as well as from
the historical point of view." Manchester Courier.
"The story of the evolution of the industry from small and insignificant
beginnings up to its present imposing proportions and highly developed
and specialised forms, is told in a way to rivet the attention of the
reader the book is a valuable and instructive treatise on a
fascinating yet important subject." Cotton Factory Times.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 1.)
No. II. COTTON SPINNING AND MANUFACTURING IN THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. By T. W. UTTLEY, B.A.,
Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 70. Is. net.
(Publication No. 8, 1905.)
"The writer gives ample details concerning wages and other features
connected with typical mills . . . and the information thus gathered is
of interest and value to the factory operative as well as the student and
economist." Cotton Factory Times.
" Mr. Uttley describes how he visited the mills in various States in a
very systematic and detailed manner. Altogether the report makes an
admirable and welcome collection of information, and will be found on
many occasions worthy of reference." Textile Mercury.
2 34, Cross Street. Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 2.)
No. III. SOME MODERN CONDITIONS AND RECENT
DEVELOPMENTS IN IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN
AMERICA, being a Report to the Gartside Electors, on the results
of a Tour in the U.S.A. By FRANK POPPLEWELL, B.Sc., Gartside
Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 126. Is. net.
(Publication No. 21, 1906.)
" Mr. Popplewell gives a clear exposition of the results of specialisa-
tion in production, of the development of ore-handling machinery, and
of the general use of the charging machine, features that characterise
American practice. He shows, too, that the colossal blast-furnace with
huge yield due to high-blast pressure, regardless of consumption of steam
and boiler coal, is giving place to a blast furnace of more modest
dimensions. . . .
" The impression derived from reading Mr. Popple well's report is that
many of the most striking developments, admirable as they are, were
designed to meet special wants, and are not necessarily applicable in
Great Britain." Nature.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 3.)
No. IV. ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL CONDITIONS
IN THE UNITED STATES. By FRANK FOSTER, M.Sc., Gartside
Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. ix. 106. Is. net.
(Publication No. 22, 1906.)
" The report under review is of very great interest to those connected
with the manufacturing branch of engineering in this country, many of
whom will have to relinquish their preconceived notions regarding
American methods, if Mr. Foster's conclusions are to be accepted."
No. V. THE RATING OF LAND VALUES. By J.D. CHORLTON, M.Sc
Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 177. 3s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 23, 1907. )
"The first half of this book deserves to become a classic
is one of the best books on a practical economic question that has
appearect lor many years. It is not only scientifically valuable, but so
well written as to be interesting to a no vice on the subject." The Nation.
"A very businesslike and serviceable collection of essays and notes on
this intricate question." Manr.liexter Guardian.
"Mr. Chorlton deals clearly and concisely with the whole subject of
rating and land values." The. Standard.
"The impartiality and candour of Mr. Chorlton's method are beyond
dispute, and his book will repay careful study by all who are interested
in the question, from whatever motive." Westminster Gazette.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 4.)
So. VI. DYEING IN GERMANY AND AMERICA. By SYDNEY
H HIGGINS M.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy Svo, pp. xiii. 112.
Is. net. (Publication No. 24, 1907.)
" The book will . . make a valuable addition to the technical litera-
ture of this country." Tribune.
"The work is one which .... should receive the attention of those
who desire a general view of the German and American dyeing in-
dustries." Textile Manufacturer.
33, Soho Square, London, W. 3
SUERKATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS
No. VII. THE HOUSING PROBLEM IN ENGLAND. By
ERNEST RITSON DEWSNUP, M.A., Professor of Railway Economics in
the University of Chicago. Demy 8vo, pp. vii. 327. 5s. net.
(Publication No. 25, 1907.)
" Professor Dewsnup's book on the housing problem consists of three
distinct parts, each of which is a valuable contribution to economic
science. In Part I, Professor Dewsnup tries to give a clear and definite
account of the evil with which authorities in England are called upon
to cope. Avoiding all special pleading and all evidence of the sensational
kind which is apt to give a false idea of the extent and intensity of the
evil of overcrowding, he does not on the other hand fall into the error
of minimizing the evil.
" In Part II, Professor Dewsnup gives a most excellent and well-
digested summary of the legislation which has been passed by Parlia-
ment since 1851 to cope with the evils of overcrowded houses, and of
"In Part III, the strictly informational and statistical work of the
previous parts is utilized by the author to support his own conclusions
as to the best methods of dealing with the proolem of overcrowding.
" Whether or not the reader agrees with Professor Dewsnup in the
conclusions he draws from his data, every student of economics must
be grateful to him for the accuracy and care which have gone into the
collection and arrangement of his material." The American Political
Science Review, vol. iii, No. 1, February, 1909.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 5.)
Xo. VTII. AMERICAN BUSINESS ENTERPRISE. By DOUGLAS
KNOOP, M.A., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 128. Is. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 30, 1907.)
"The book is calculated to give a clear and accurate description,
" essentially intended for the general reader," and the author has quite
rightly eliminated everything of a technical character, giving his theme
both the simplicity and the interest that are required. . . . The work
might well have been doubled in length without any loss of interest. . . .
Invaluable as a text-book." The Economic Journal.
" Should on no account be missed, for it is a very good attempt at a
survey of the enormous field of American business in the true and
judicial spirit." Pall Matt Gazette.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 6.}
No. IX. THE ARGENTINE AS A MARKET. By N. L. WATSOI*.
M.A.. Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 64. Is. net.
(Publication No. 33, 1908.)
"A valuable and thorough examination of the conditions and future
of Argentine commerce." Morning Leader.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 7.)
No. X. SOME ELECTRO-CHEMICAL CENTRES. By J. N. Pring,
M.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 137. Is. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 41, 1908.)
" Concise, business-like, and furnished with some valuable papers of
statistics, the report will prove well worthy of the study of anyone
specially interested in this subject." Scotsman.
" The reviewer says unhesitatingly that this
Gartside Report is the best all-round book on industrial electro-
chemistry that has so far come to his notice." Electro-chemical and
Metallurgical Industry, May, 1909.
4 84, Cross Street, Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 8.)
No. XI. CHEMICAL INDUSTRY ON THE CONTINENT. By
Harold Baron, B.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xi, 71.
Is. 6d. net. (Publication No. 44, 1909.)
"Well informed, well systematised, and written with businesslike
precision, it deserves the attention of everyone interested in its
"For a good general account of the chemical industry on the Con-
tinent we think this report, so far as it goes, to be an excellent one and
is, moreover, unlike many works on the subject, interesting to read."
Chemical Trades Journal.
"Clearly and intelligently handled." The Times.
No. XII. UNEMPLOYMENT. By Prof. S. J. CHAPMAN, M.A.,
M.Com., and H. M. HALLSWORTH, M.A., B.Sc. Demy 8vo, pp. xvi.
164. 2s. net, paper, 2s. 6d. net, cloth. (Publication No. 45, 1909. )
"On the whole, the authors offer a solid contribution, both as regards
facts and reasoning, to the solution of a peculiarly difficult and pressing
social problem." Cotton Factory Times.
". . . reproduces in amplified form a valuable set of articles, giving the
results of an investigation made in Lancashire, which lately appeared in
the Manchester Guardian. By way of Introduction we have an examina-
tion, not previously published, of the Report of the Poor-law Commission
on Unemployment. There is a large accompaniment of Charts and
Tables, and indeed the whole work bears the mark of thoroughness."
(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 9).
No. XIII. THE COTTON INDUSTRY IN SWITZERLAND,
VORARLBERG AND ITALY. A Technical and Economic Study.
By S. L. BESSO, LL.B. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 229. 3s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 54, 1910.)
"The large amount of information gathered has been carefully
arranged. . . . The work is a worthy one, interesting to the general
reader, and valuable to the captain of commerce, and inevitably suggests
the desirability of having the remaining countries of the Continent
similarly surveyed .... this volume, which is well worth careful
study by all who are interested in the social and economic conditions
of textile workers abroad." The Cotton Factory Times.
" This volume may be heartily commended to the attention of all
persons interested in every phase of cotton mill economics, and we
congratulate Mr. Besso on the admirable manner in which he has set
forth the results of his painstaking investigations. In these days of
international comparisons, a series of volumes dealing in this way with
every industrial country would be of considerable value to students of
industrial and commercial affairs." The Textile Mercury.
" . . . . the facts and statistics the author marshals so clearly ....
a skilled investigator. For the rest, this volume does infinite credit
alike to the author and to his University." Morning Leader.
No. I. CONTINUATION SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND & ELSEWHERE.
Their place in the Educational System of an Industrial and Com-
mercial State. By MICHAEL E. SADLER, M.A., LL.D., Professor of
the History and Administration of Education. Demy 8vo, pp. xxvi.
779. 8s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 29, 1907.)
This work is largely based on an enquiry made by past and present
Students of the Educational Department of the University of
Manchester. Chapters on Continuation Schools in the German
Empire, Switzerland, Denmark, and France, have been contributed
by other writers.
33, Soho Square, London, W. 5
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
CONTINUATION SCHOOLS (Continued).
" gives a record of what the principal nations are doing in the
prolongation of school work. It is invaluable as a corpus of material
from which to estimate the present position of the world so far as its
analogies touch Britain in * further education,' as the phrase is."
" The most comprehensive book on continuation schools that has yet
been issued in this country." Scottish Review.
" This book will for many years remain the standard authority upon
its subject." The Guardian.
" The whole question is discussed with an elaboration, an insistence on
detail, and a wisdom that mark this volume as the most important
contribution to educational effort that has yet been made."
" The subject of the work is one that goes to the very heart of
national education, and the treatise itself lays bare with a scientific but
humane hand the evils that beset our educational system, the waste of
life and national energy which that system has been unable in any
sufficient degree to check." The Spectator.
" It is a treasure of facts and judicious opinions in the domain of the
history and administration of education." The Athenaeum.
No. II. THE DEMONSTRATION SCHOOLS RECORD. No. I.
Being Contributions to the Study of Education from the Department
of Education in the University of Manchester. By J. J. FINDLAT,
M.A., Ph.D., Sarah Fielden Professor of Education. Demy 8vo,
pp. viii. 126. Is. 6d. net. (Publication No. 32, 1908.)
" Professor Findlay and his skilled and experienced collaborators give
an interesting account of the uses of the demonstration classes, the
nature and scope of the work done in them, and the methods adopted
(as well as the underlying principles) in some of the courses of instruc-
tion." The Athenceum.
" The book gives an instructive account of the attempts made to
correlate the subjects of school instruction, not only with each other, but
also with the children's pursuits out of school hours. . . . The problem
Professor Findlay has set himself to work out in the Demonstration
School is, How far is it possible by working with the children through
successive culture epochs of the human race to form within their minds
not only a truer conception of human history, but also eventually a
deeper comprehension of the underlying purpose and oneness of all
human activities ?" Morning Post.
No. III. THE TEACHING OF HISTORY IN GIRLS' SCHOOLS
IN NORTH AND CENTRAL GERMANY. A Report by EVA
DODGE, M.A., Gilchrist Student. Demy 8vo, pp. x. 149. Is. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 34, 1908.)
"We cordially recommend this most workmanlike, and extremely
valuable addition to pedagagogic literature." Education.
" Miss Dodge has much of interest to say on the limitations and
defects of history-teaching in girls' schools, but the real contribution
of this book is its revelation of how the history lesson can be made a
living thing." Glasgow Herald.
" Gives a clear and detailed account of two well-organised schemes
of historical teaching in Germany." School World.
No. IV. THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN THE
UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER, 1890-1911, Demy 8vo,
146 pp. Is. 6d. net, paper ; 2s. 6d. net, cloth.
(Publication No. 58, 1911.)
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. I. THE LITERARY PROFESSION IN THE ELIZABETHAN
AGE. By PH. SHEAVYN, M.A., D.Lit., Special Lecturer in English
Literature and Tutor for Women Students ; Warden of the Hall of
Residence for Women Students.
A series of brief studies dealing with the conditions amidst which the
profession of literature was pursued under Elizabeth and James I. It
treats of their relations with patrons, publishers, and reading public, and
with various authorities exercising legal control over the press ; and
discusses the possibility of earning a sufficient livelihood, in this period,
by the proceeds of literary work. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 221. 5s. net.
(Publication No. 49, 1909.)
" . . . . scholarly and illuminating book. It opens a new series in
the Manchester University publications, and opens it with distinction.
A more elaborately documented or more carefully indexed work need
not be desired. The subject is an engrossing one; and, although the
author has aimed rather at accuracy and completeness than at the arts of
entertainment, the result remains eminently readable."
" Quite interesting to the general literary reader as well as to the
special student for whom, perhaps, it is directly meant. We are always
ready to read of the Elizabethan age in authorship, and it loses none
of its attractions in Miss Sheavyn's hands." Daily Chronicle.
" A series of studies that will be valuable to everyone interested
in the history of literature." Daily Mail.
No. II. BEOWULF : Edited, with Introduction, Notes, and Glossary, by
W. J. SEDGEFIELD, Litt.D., Lecturer in English Language.
Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 300. 9s. net. (Publication No. 55, 1910.)
" It is his carefulness in this matter of the text that will win Mr.
Sedgefield the chief thanks of students. This record of variants is full
and accurate, and the fuller notes which follow the text itself should
be very helpful both to the pupil and the expert. In the glossarial
index Mr. Sedgefield has accomplished a task hitherto unattempted
in England." Manchester Guardian.
No. I. MEDIEVAL MANCHESTER AND THE BEGINNINGS
OF LANCASHIRE. By JAMES TAIT, M.A., Professor of Ancient
and Mediaeval History. Demy 8vo, pp. x. 211. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 3, 1904.)
"Patient and enlightened scholarship and a sense of style and pro-
portion have enabled the writer to produce a work at once solid and
readable." English Historical Review.
"A welcome addition to the literature of English local history, not
merely because it adds much to our knowledge of Manchester and
Lancashire, but also because it displays a scientific method of treatment
which is rare in this field of study in England." Dr. Gross in American
" La collection ne pouvait debuter plus significativement et plus heure-
usement que par un ouvrage d'histoire du Moyen Age du a M. Tait, car
1'enseignement medieviste est un de ceux qui font le plus d'honneur a
la jeune Universite de Manchester, et c'est a M. le Professeur Tait qu'il
faut attribuer une bonne part de ce succes." Revue de Synthese
33. Soho Square, London, W. 7
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS-
No. II. INITIA OPERUM LATINORUM QUAE SAECULIS XIIL,
XIV., XV. ATTRIBUUNTUR. By A. G. LITTLE, M.A., Lecturer
in Palaeography. Demy 8vo, pp. xiii. 273 (interleaved) . (Out of print. )
(Publication No. 5, 1904.)
"Whoever has attempted to ascertain the contents of a Mediaeval
miscellany in manuscript must often have been annoyed by the occurrence
of a blank space where the title of the treatise ought to be. Mr. Little
has therefore earned the gratitude of all such persons by making public
a collection of some 6,000 incipits, which he arranged in the first instance
for his private use, in compiling a catalogue of Franciscan MSS."
English Historical Review.
No. III. THE OLD COLONIAL SYSTEM. By GERALD BERKELEY
HERTZ, M.A., B.C.L., Lecturer in Constitutional Law. Demy 8vo,
pp. xi. 232. 5s. net. (Publication No. 7, 1905.)
"Mr. Hertz gives us an elaborate historical study of the old colonial
system, which disappeared with the American Revolution He
shows a remarkable knowledge of contemporary literature, and his book
may claim to be a true history of popular opinion." Spectator,
"Mr. Hertz's book is one which no student of imperial developments
can neglect. It is lucid, fair, thorough, and convincing."
" Mr. Hertz's ' Old Colonial System ' is based on a careful study of
contemporary documents, with the result that several points of no small
importance are put in a new light .... it is careful, honest work ....
The story which he tells has its lesson for us." The Times.
" Both the ordinary reader and the academic mind will get benefit
from this well-informed and well-written book." Scotsman.
" Mr. Hertz has made excellent use of contemporary literature, and
has given us a very valuable and thorough critique. The book is in-
teresting and very well written." American Political Science Review.
"An interesting, valuable, and very necessary exposition of the
principles underlying the colonial policy of the eighteenth century."
No. IV. STUDIES OF ROMAN IMPERIALISM. By W. T.
ARNOLD, M.A. Edited by EDWARD FIDDES. M.A., Lecturer in
Ancient History, with Memoir of the Author by Mrs. HUMPHRY
WARD and C. E. MONTAGUE. With a Photogravure of W. T.
Arnold. Demy 8vo, pp. cxxiii. 281. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 16, 1906.)
" Mrs. Humphry Ward has used all her delicate and subtle art to
draw a picture of her beloved brother; and his friend Mr. Montague's
account of his middle life is also remarkable for its literary excellence."
A thenieum .
" The memoir . . . tenderly and skilfully written by the ' sister
and friend,' tells a story, which well deserved to be told, of a life rich
in aspirations, interests, and friendships, and not without its measure of
actual achievement." Tribune.
" This ^geographical sense and his feeling for politics give colour to all
he wrote." Times.
" Anyone who desires a general account of the Empire under Augustus
which is freshly and clearly written and based on wide reading will find
it here." Manchester Guardian.
"Nothing could be better than the sympathetic tribute which Mrs.
Humphry Ward pays to her brother, or the analysis of his work and
method by his colleague Mr. Montague. The two together have more
stuff in them than many big books of recent biography."
8 34, Cross Street, Manchester
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS-
No. V. CANON PIETRO CASOLA'S PILGRIMAGE TO
JERUSALEM IN THE YEAR 1494. By M. M. NEWETT,
B.A., formerly Jones Fellow. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 427. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 26, 1907.)
"Tra mezzo ai tanti libri esteri di semplici divulgazione su fatti e
figure della storia italiana, questo emerge piacevalmente e si legge
volontieri. E diverse di carattere e di trattazione. Esume .... dalla
polvere degli archivi e delle biblioteche qualche cosa che ha un valore
fresco ed interessante, un valore storico e un valore umano."
A.A.B. in the Archivio Storico Italiano.
" L'introduction se termine par toute une dissertation du plus grand
interet, documented a 1'aide des archives venitiennes, sur le caractere
commercial des pelerinages, dont les armateurs de Venise assumerent,
jusqu 'au XVIIe siecle 1'entreprise."
J.B. in the Revue de Synthese historique.
"Miss Newett has performed her task admirably, preserving much of
the racy humour and shrewd phrasing which mark the original, and
adding, in the introduction, a general treatise on the Venetian pilgrim
industry, and in the notes copious illustrations of the text."
Hor ATIO F. BROWN in The English Historical Review.
" Miss Newett's introduction is an admirable bit of work. She has
studied carefully what the archives of Venice have to say about pilgrim
ships and shipping laws, and her pages are a mine of information on
such subjects." Dr. Thomas Lindsay in the Scottish Historical Review
" This is a deeply interesting record, not merely of a Syrian pilgrim-
age, but of Mediterranean life and of the experiences of an intelligent
Italian gentleman at the close of the Middle Ages two years after the
discovery of America. It would not be easy to find a more graphic
picture, in old days, of a voyage from Venice to the Levant."
American Historical Review.
No. VI. HISTORICAL ESSAYS. Edited by T. F. Tour, M.A.,
Professor of Mediaeval and Modern History, and JAMES TAIT, M.A.,
Professor of Ancient and Mediaeval History. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 557.
6s. net. Reissue of the Edition of 1902 with index and New Preface.
(Publication No. 27, 1907.)
"Diese zwanzig chronologisch geordneten Aufsatze heissen in der
Vorrededer Herausgeber ^esfo/m'/^behandelnzur Halfte ausser-englische
Themata, benutzen reichlich festlandische Literatur und verraten iiberall
neben weiten Ausblicken eine rnethodische Schulung die der dortigen
Facultat hohe Ehre macht." -Professor Liebermann in Deutsche,
" Imperial history, local history, ecclesiastical history, economic history
and the methods of historical teaching all these are in one way or another
touched upon by scholars who have collaborated in this volume. Men
and women alike have devoted their time and pains to working out
problems of importance and often of no slight difficulty. The result is
one of which the university and city may be justly proud." The late
Professor York Powell in the Manchester Guardian.
"Esso contiene venti lavori storici dettati, quattro da professori e sedici
da licenziati del Collegio, e sono tutto scritti appositamente e condotti
secondo le piu rigorose norme della critica e su documenti." R. Predelli
in Nuovo Archirio Vencto.
" La variete des sujets et 1'erudition avec laquelle ils sont trace's font
grand honneur a la maniere dont 1'histoire est enseigne a Owens College."
" Par nature, c'est un recueil savant, qui temoigne du respect et de
Temulation que sait exercer pour les etudes historiques la jeune et deji
ce"lebre universite." Revue d'histoire ecclesiastique (Louvain).
33, Soho Square, London, W. 9
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
HISTORICAL ESSAYS (Continued).
" All these essays reach a high level ; they avoid the besetting sin of
most of our present historical writing, which consists of serving up a hash
of what other historians have written flavoured with an original spice of
error They are all based on original research and written by
specialists." Professor A. F. Pollard in the English Historical Review.
" Sie bilden einen schonen Beweis fur die rationelle Art, mit der dort
dieses Studium betrieben wird." Professor 0. Weber in Historische
The index can be purchased separately, price 6d. net.
No. VII. STUDIES SUPPLEMENTARY TO STUBBS' CONSTI-
TUTIONAL HISTORY. Vol. i. By Ch. Petit-Dutaillis, Litt.D.,
rector of the University of Grenoble. Translated from the French
by W. E. Rhodes, M.A., and edited by Prof. James Tait, M.A.
Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 152. 4s. net ((Publication No. 38, 1908.)
"The volume will be virtually indispensable to teachers and students
of history." Athenaum.
" This task has been carefully and well performed, under the supervi-
sion of Professor Tait, who has written a short but adequate introduc-
tion. This little book, ought, without delay, to be added to every
public or private library that contains a copy of the classic work to
which it forms an indispensable supplement."
Dr. W. S. McKechnie in the Scottish Historical Review.
" These supplementary studies impress one as a discreet and learned
attempt to safeguard a public, which is likely to learn all that it will
know of a great subject from a single book, against the shortcomings
of that book." Professor A. B. White in the American Historical Review.
"C'est un complement indispensable de I'ouvrage de Stubbs, et Ton
saura gre a PUniversite de Manchester d'avoir pris 1'initiative de cette
publication." M. Charles Bemont in Revue Historique.
"Ce sont des modeles de critique ingenieuse et sobre, une mise au point
remarquable des questions les plus importantes traitees jadis par
Stubbs." M. Louis Halphen in Revue de Synthese historique.
"Zu der englischen Ubersetzung dieser Excurse, durch einen verdienten
jiingeren Historiker, die durchaus leicht wie Originalstil fliesst, hat Tait
die Vorrede geliefert und manche Note, die noch die Literatur von 1908
beriicksichtigt. Die historische Schule der Universitat, Manchester,
an Riihrigkeit und strenger Methode von keiner in England iibertroffen,
bietet mit der Veroffentlichung der werthvollen Arbeit des Franzosen
ein treffliches Lehrmittel. Professor F. Liebermann, in Deutsche
No. VIII. MALARIA AND GREEK HISTORY. By W. H. S. Jones,
M.A. To which is added the History of Greek Therapeutics and
the Malaria Theory by E. T. Withington, M.A., M.B. Demy 8vo,
pp. xii. 176. 5s. net. (Publication No. 43, 1909.)
" Mr. W. H. S. Jones is to be congratulated on the success with which
he has conducted what may be described as a pioneering expedition into
a practically unexplored field of history .... the publishers are to be
congratulated on the admirable way in which the book has been turned
out a joy to handle and to read." Manchester Guardian.
" This interesting volume is an endeavour to show that the decline of
the Greeks as a people for several centuries before and after the
Christian era was largely due to the prevalence of malaria in its various
forms." Glasgow Herald.
" [The author] .... has amassed a considerable store of valuable
information from the Greek classics and other sources which will prove
extremely useful to all who are interested in his theory."
Birmingham Daily Post.
10 34, Cross Street, Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. IX. HANES GRUFFYDD AP CYNAN. The Welsh text with
translation, introduction, and notes by ARTHUR JONES, M.A., Jones
Fellow in History. Demy 8vo. Pp. viii. 204. 6s. net.
(Publication No. 50, 1910.)
" No Welsh historian of the future can afford to neglect this scholarly
attempt to give the work of Griffith ap Cynan a true historical setting.
The introduction is an ideally well-balanced estimate of a singularly
quaint and beautiful piece of history." Glasgow Herald.
" The Editor has prefaced his text with a comprehensive and nearly
always convincing introduction of more than 100 pages, besides copious
notes. Nearly every page of both contains matter of Irish history,
sometimes really new, since taken from the document never deeply
studied before, and always valuable from the new light thrown by the
collation of independent, 'international' testimonies. ... It will at
once be seen that we have here a document of the first interest to
ourselves; the University and the Editor have put us in their debt for a
valuable contribution to our history." Freeman's Journal.
"Mr. Jones prints the Welsh text in a scholarly recension, and
accompanies it page by page with a faithful version into English,
explains its obscurities and personal and local allusions in notes always
concise and to the point, and brings it in with an interesting introduction,
which treats fully of the transmission of the text, of its value as an
historical document, and of its relation to other remaining original
authorities for the history of the Norman Conquest." Scotsman.
"Mr. Jones's enterprise is the result of the happy union in the
University of Celtic and of historical studies. . . . The textual editing,
the annotations, and the translation have all been admirably done, and
the work is a credit alike to the author, the University, and to the
Press." Manchester Guardian.
"Hearty thanks are due for a most useful and satisfactory edition."
No. X. THE CIVIL WAR IN LANCASHIRE. By ERNEST BROXAP,
M.A. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 226. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 51, 1910.)
" By a judicious use of it he has produced an eminently readable and
informing work. . . . The University of Manchester, which, but for
the pressure of the political situation, would have been founded in
1642, is to be congratulated upon its choice of an historian of the war in
Lancashire. " A thenceum.
" Mr. Broxap's monograph must be welcomed as the most important
of those hitherto given to history to illuminate the county aspect of
the Civil War The whole book is very carefully revised and
accurate in its details, full and satisfactory, and the order in which the
story is told is excellent. The index is also sufficient, and the whole
study is amply annotated. Altogether, both the author and the
Manchester University Press are to be thoroughly congratulated upon
the volume." Morning Post.
"It is clear that Mr. Broxap has minutely studied all available
original materials and that he uses them with care and discrimination.
. . . the highest praise that can be given to the author of a historical
monograph is that he set out to produce a book that was wanted,
does that extremely well, and does nothing else, and to this praise
Mr. Broxap is fully entitled." Westminster Gazette.
" The author has carefully studied authorities, and this first complete
and separate account of a momentous episode in the Civil War is marked
by a painstaking regard to accuracy of detail, and also by a judgment
that is invariably fair and unbiassed as well as careful and acute."
33, Soho Square, London, \V.
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. XI. THE CROMWELLIAN CONQUEST AND SETTLEMENT
OF IRELAND. By ROBERT DUNLOP, M.A., formerly Berkeley
Fellow. Demy 8vo. 7s. 6d. net.
This work will consist of a series of unpublished documents relating
to the History of Ireland from 1651 to 1659, arranged, modernized, and
edited, with introduction, notes, etc., by Mr. DUNLOP.
A BIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS DEACON, THE MAN-
CHESTER NON-JUROR. By HENRY BROXAP, M.A.
[In the Press.
THE EJECTED OF 1662 : Their Predecessors and Successors in
Cumberland and Westmorland. By B. Nightingale, M.A.
[In the Press.
No. I. SKETCHES OF THE LIVES AND WORK OF THE
HONORARY MEDICAL STAFF OF THE ROYAL INFIRMARY.
From its foundation in 1752 to 1830, when it became the Royal
Infirmary. By EDWARD MANSFIELD BROCKBANK, M.D., M.R.C.P.
Crown 4to. (illustrated), pp. vii. 311. 15s. net.
(Publication No. 1, 1904.)
"Dr. Brockbank's is a book of varied interest. It also deserves a
welcome as one of the earliest of the ' Publications of the University ot
Manchester.' " Manchester Guardian.
No. II. PRACTICAL PRESCRIBING AND DISPENSING. For
Medical Students. By WILLIAM KIRKHV, sometime Lecturer in
Pharmacognosy in the Owens College, Manchester Crown 8vo,
pp. iv. 194. 5s. net.
(Publication No. 2, 1904, Second edition, 1906.)
" The whole of the matter bears the impress of that technical skill
and thoroughness with which Mr. Kirkby's name must invariably be
associated, and the book must be welcomed as one of the most usefu/
recent additions to the working library of prescribers and dispensers."
" Thoroughly practical text-books on the subject are so rare, that we
welcome with pleasure Mr. William Kirkby's ' Practical Prescribing and
Dispensing.' The book is written by a pharmacist expressly for medical
students, and the author has been most happy in conceiving its scope
and arrangement." British Medical Journal.
No. III. HANDBOOK OF SURGICAL ANATOMY. By G. A.
WRIGHT, B.A., M.B. (Oxon.). F.R.C.S., Professor of Systematic
Surgery, and C. H. PRESTON, M.D., F.R.C.S., L.D.S., Lecturer on
Dental Anatomy ; Assistant Dental Surgeon to the Victoria Dental
Hospital of Manchester. Crown 8vo, pp. ix. 205. 5s. Second
edition. (Publication No. 6, 1905.)
" Dr. Wright and Dr. Preston have produced a concise and very
readable little handbook of surgical applied anatomy. . . . The subject
matter of the book is well arranged and the marginal notes in bold type
facilitate reference to any desired point." Lanctt.
No. IV. A COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN OPERATIVE
SURGERY in the University of Manchester. By WILLIAM
THORBURN, M.D.. B.S. (Lond.), F.R.C.S., Lecturer in Operative
Surgery. Crown 8vo, pp. 75 (interleaved), 26 Figures in the Text.
2s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 11, 1906.)
" This little book gives the junior student all that he wants, and
nothing that he does not want. Its size is handy, and altogether for its
its purpose it is excellent." University Renew.
12 34, Cross Street, Manchester
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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. V. A HANDBOOK OF LEGAL MEDICINE. By W. SELLERS,
M.D. (London), of the Middle Temple, and Northern Circuit.
Barrister-at-law. With 7 Illustrations. Crown 8vo, pp. vii. 233.
7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 14, 1906.)
' This is quite one of the best books of the kind we have come
across." Law Times.
No. VI. A CATALOGUE OF THE PATHOLOGICAL MUSEUM
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER. Edited by J.
LORRAIN SMITH. M.A., M.D. (Edin.), Professor of Pathology.
Crown 4to, 1260 pp. 7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 15, 1906.)*
" The catalogue compares very favourably with others of a similar
character, and, apart from its value for teaching purposes in an im-
portant medical school such as that of the University of Manchester, it
is capable of being of great assistance to others as a work of reference."
Edinburgh Medical Journal.
" In conclusion we need only say that Professor Lorrain Smith has
performed the most essential part of his task the description of the
specimens excellently and an honourable mention must be made of
the book as a publication." British Medical Journal.
No. VII. HANDBOOK OF DISEASES OF THE HEART. By
GRAHAM STEELL, M.D., F.R.C.P., Professor of Medicine, and
Physician to the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Crown 8vo,
?p. xii. 389, 11 plates (5 in colours), and 100 illustrations in the text,
s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 20, 1906.)
" It more truly reflects modern ideas of heart disease than any book
we are acquainted with, and therefore may be heartily recommended to
our readers." Treatment.
" We regard this volume as an extremely useful guide to the study of
diseases of the heart, and consider that no better introduction to the
subject could possibly have been written."
Mediral Times and Hospital Gazette
" We can cordially recommend Dr. Steell's book as giving an excellent
and thoroughly practical account of the subject of which it treats."
Edinburgh Medical Review.
No. VIII. JULIUS DRESCHFELD. IN MEMORIAM. Medical
Studies by his colleagues and pupils at the Manchester University
and the Royal Infirmary. Imperial 8vo, pp. vi. 246. With a
Photogravure and 43 Plates. 10s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 35, 1908.)
"A worthy memorial of one who left no small mark upon the study of
clinical pathology in this country." British Medical Journal.
"The papers which compose the bulk of the volume have been re-
printed from the Manchester Chronicle, vol. xiv, and they are of both
interest and permanent value." Scottish Medical Journal.
"The editor. Dr. Brockbank, can be congratulated upon editing a
volume that will fitly perpetuate the memory of his eminent colleague."
No. IX. HANDBOOK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. By R. W.
MARSDEN, M.D. Crown 8vo, pp. vi. 296. 5s. net.
(Publication No. 39, 1908.)
" This book aims at giving a practical account of the various infectious
diseases, suitable for ready reference in everyday work, and the author
has, on the whole, succeeded admirably in his attempt." The Lancet.
" Throughout the book the information given seems thoroughly
adequate, and especial attention is paid to diagnosis."
Scottish Medical Journal.
"The subject matter is well arranged and easy of reference."
The Medical Officer.
33, Soho Square, London, W. H
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
No. X. LECTURES ON THE PATHOLOGY OF CANCER. By
CHARLES POWELL WHITE, M.A., M.D., F.R.C.S. Imperial 8vo
pp. x. 83, 33 plates. 3s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 42, 1908.)
" The volume is a model of scientific self-restraint. In four chapters
the author covers in simple language much that is of main interest in
the present phase of investigation of cancer . . .
"The volume ... is well illustrated with statistical charts and
photomicrographs, and its perusal must prove profitable to all who wish
to be brought up-to-date in the biology of cancer." Nature.
" Full of scholarly information and illustrated with a number of
excellent black-and-white plates." Medical Press.
' These lectures give a short resume of recent work on the subject in
easily assimilable form." St. Bartholomew's Hospital Journal.
No. XL SEMMELWEIS: HIS LIFE AND HIS DOCTRINE. A
chapter in the history of Medicine. By Sir WILLIAM J. SINCLAIR,
M.A., M.D., Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the Univer-
sity of Manchester. Imperial 8vo, pp. x. 369, 2 plates. 7s. 6d. net.
(Publication No. 46, 1909.)
" Semmelweis has found a worthy biographer who has made a
noteworthy contribution to medical literature, and whose understanding
of the work and sympathy for the trial of his subject are obvious."
Dublin Journal of Medical Science
"Das wahrhaft vornehm geschriebene Buch des auch bei uns in
Deutschland hochverehrten englischen Kollegen spricht fur sich selbst.
Es 1st berufen, in dem Vaterlande Lister's auch dem grossen Martyrer
Semmelweis Gerechtigkeit zuteil werden zu lassen."
Zentralblatt fur Gynakologie.
" There should be a wide public, lay as well as medical, for a book
as full of historical, scientific and human interest as this 'Life of
Semmelweis.' . . . Sir William Sinclair's book is of the greatest interest,
and we are glad to welcome an adequate English appreciation of
Semmelweis, who certainly ranks among the 'heroes of medicine.'"
"It is a book all obstetricians and research men should read."
Scottish Medical Journal.
" A most instructive and interesting biography of the discoverer of
the cause of puerperal fever. . . . The book is well printed and bound."
No, XII. MODERN PROBLEMS IN PSYCHIATRY. By E. LUGARO,
Professor of Nervous and Mental Diseases in the University ofModena.
Translated from the Italian by DAVID ORR, M.D., Assistant Medical
Officer and Pathologist to the County Asylum, Prestwich; and
R. G. Rows, M.D., Assistant Medical Officer and Pathologist to the
County Asylum, Lancaster. With an introduction by T. S. CLOUSTON,
M.D., Physician Superintendent, Royal Asylum, Morningside, and
Lecturer on Mental Diseases in Edinburgh University. Imperial
8vo, pp. viii. 305, 8 plates. 7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 47, 1909. )
"Professor Lugaro is to be congratulated upon the masterly and
judicious survey of his subject which he has given to the world in thi
work. Not only have we a succinct and clear exposition of the present
state of our knowledge, but we are confronted with a tale of the
inexhaustible work that lies before us." Lancet.
"The work should be on the shelf of every pathologist and asylum
14 84, Cross Street, Manchester
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS.
MODERN PROBLEMS IN PSYCHIATRY (Continued,
physician ; it is thoughtful, suggestive and well written. The translation
also is excellent." Nature.
" The book is a very distinct addition to the literature of psychiatry,
and one which will well repay careful study."
Californian Medical Journal.
" The whole book is suggestive in the highest degree, and well worthy
of careful study. Dr. David Orr and Dr. R. G. Rows, the translators,
are to be heartily congratulated on the manner in which they have
rendered the original into terse and idiomatic English." Athenceum.
No. XIII. FEEBLEMINDEDNESS IN CHILDREN OF SCHOOL
AGE. By C. PAGET LAPAGE, M.D., M.R.C.P. With an Appendix
on Treatment and Training by MARY DENDY, M.A. Crown 8vo.
(In the Press.)
No. I. THE PHYSICAL LABORATORIES OF THE UNIVER-
SITY OF MANCHESTER. A record of 25 years' work. Demy 8vo,
pp. viii. 142, with a Photogravure, 10 Plates, and 4 Plans. 5s. net.
(Publication No. 13, 1906.)
This volume contains an illustrated description of the Physical,
Electrical Engineering, and Electro-Chemistry Laboratories of the
Manchester University, also a complete Biographical and Biblio-
graphical Record of those who have worked in the Physics Depart-
ment of the University during the past 25 years.
"The book is excellently got up, and contains a description of the
department of physics and its equipment, a short biographical sketch of
the Professor with a list of his scientific writings and a well-executed
portrait and a record of the career of students and others who have passed
through Dr. Schuster's hands. Alumni of Owens will welcome the
volume as an interesting link with their alma mater." Glasgow Herald.
" This interesting and valuable contribution to the history of the
Manchester University also contains several illustrations, and forms the
first of the ' physical series ' of the publications of the University of
Manchester." The Times.
" It is a memorial of which any man would be justly proud, and the
University of which he is both an alumnus and a professor may well
share that pride." Manchester Guardian.
PUBLIC HEALTH SERIES.
No. I. ARCHIVES OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LABORATORY
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER. Edited by
A. SHERIDAN DELEPINE, M.Sc., M.B., Ch. M., Director of the
Laboratory and Proctor Professor of Comparative Pathology and
Bacteriology. Crown 4to. pp. iv. 451. 1. Is. net.
(Publication No. 12 ? 1906.)
" The University of Manchester has taken the important and highly
commendable step of commencing the publication of the archives of its
Public Health Laboratory, and has issued, under the able and judicious
editorship of Professor Sheridan Delepine, the first volume of a series
that promises to be of no small interest and value alike to members of
the medical profession and to those of the laity. . . . Original communica-
tions bearing upon diseases which are prevalent in the districts sur-
rounding Manchester, or dealing with food- and water-supplies, air,
disposal of refuse, sterilisation and disinfection and kindred subjects,
wilt be published in future volumes; and it is manifest that these, as
they successively appear, will form a constantly increasing body of trust-
worthy information upon subjects which are not only of the highest
interest to the profession but of supreme importance to the public."
38, Soho Square. London, \V. 15
SHERRATT & HUGHES
MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS
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